Robert Gregg

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For other people named Robert Gregg, see Robert Gregg (disambiguation).

The Most Rev Robert Samuel Gregg MA, DD was a 19th-century Anglican Archbishop.[1]


He was born at the rectory, Kilsallaghan, co. Dublin, of which parish his father was then rector, on 3 May 1834. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated B.A. with honours in 1857, and proceeded M.A. in 1860.[2]

In the same year Gregg was ordained for the curacy of Rathcooney, co. Cork, and three years later was appointed rector of Christ Church, Belfast, an important cure which brought him in touch with the working-class population of the north of Ireland. In 1862, he returned to the diocese of Cork as rector of Frankfield and chaplain to his father, then bishop, and in 1865 became rector of Carrigrohane and precentor of St. Finn Barre's Cathedral, Cork. Here he quickly acquired a high reputation for administrative ability, as well as for the qualities of sound judgment, moderation, and good sense by which he was subsequently distinguished in the episcopal office. In the controversies which followed, the disestablishment of the Irish church, particularly in regard to the revision of the prayer-book, Gregg took the conservative side, but his influence was uniformly exerted in a conciliatory spirit. Gregg's principal service to his church at this time lay in devising for his own diocese of Cork the singularly successful financial plan which became the foundation of the financial system of the disendowed church of Ireland, and on this and other occasions he showed a remarkable talent for finance. In 1873, he was presented by the university of Dublin with the degrees of B.D. and D.D., in recognition of his services to the church of Ireland.[2]

In 1874, Gregg was appointed dean of Cork, and in the following year was selected by the Irish bishops to succeed Bishop O'Brien in the diocese of Bishop of Ossory.[3] Gregg, at forty-one years of age, thus became a member of the episcopal bench while his father was still bishop of Cork. On his father's death on 26 May 1878, the synods of Cork, Cloyne and Ross at once selected Gregg to succeed him. As bishop of Cork, Gregg's most noticeable work lay in the completion of the beautiful cathedral of St. Finn Barre, which had been rebuilt during his father's episcopate at a cost of over £100,000 ; but he also won a deserved reputation not only for administrative efficiency, but for a statesmanlike grasp of church problems which opened the way to the highest office in the Irish church. On the death in 1893 of Primate Robert Bent Knox, Gregg was selected to succeed him as archbishop of Armagh[4] and primate of all Ireland.[2]

He died at the Palace, Armagh, on 10 January 1896, after scarcely two years' enjoyment of the primacy.[2]


  1. ^ Armagh Cathedral
  2. ^ a b c d Falkiner 1901.
  3. ^ “A New History of Ireland” Moody,T.M;Martin,F.X;Byrne,F.J;Cosgrove,F:By Theodore William Moody, Francis X. Martin, Francis John Byrne, Art Cosgrove: Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1976 ISBN 0-19-821745-5
  4. ^ Ecclesiastical Intelligence The Times Friday, Dec 15, 1893; pg. 11; Issue 34135; col C

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainFalkiner, Cæsar Litton (1901). "Gregg, Robert Samuel". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Religious titles
Preceded by
James Thomas O'Brien
Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin
1874 – 1878
Succeeded by
William Pakenham Walsh
Preceded by
John Gregg
Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross
1878– 1893
Succeeded by
William Edward Meade
Preceded by
Robert Bent Knox
Archbishop of Armagh
1893 – 1896
Succeeded by
William Alexander