Robert H. Thayer
Robert H. Thayer
|U.S. Minister to Romania|
November 10, 1955 – December 12, 1957
|President||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||Harold Shantz|
|Succeeded by||Clifton Reginald Wharton Sr.|
Robert Helyer Thayer
September 22, 1901
Southborough, Massachusetts, US
|Died||January 26, 1984 (aged 82)|
(m. 1926; died 1979)
|Relations||Sigourney Thayer (brother)|
John Teele Pratt (father-in-law)
Ruth Baker Pratt (mother-in-law)
|Parents||William Greenough Thayer|
Violet Otis Thayer
|Education||St. Mark's School|
|Alma mater||Amherst College|
Harvard Law School
|Occupation||Lawyer, naval officer and diplomat|
Robert Helyer Thayer (September 22, 1901 − January 26, 1984) was an American lawyer, naval officer and diplomat.
Thayer was born in Southborough, Massachusetts, the son of Rev. William Greenough Thayer (1863−1934), headmaster of St. Mark's School from 1894−1930, and Violet Otis Thayer (1871−1962) of the Boston Brahmin Otis family.
He attended St. Mark's School, then earned a bachelor's degree from Amherst College and a law degree from Harvard Law School in 1926. His elder brother, Sigourney Thayer (1896−1944), was a theatrical producer, aviator and poet.
After graduating from Law School, Thayer began practicing law in New York City under Gen. William Joseph Donovan. He assisted Charles Lindbergh's lead lawyer, Col. Henry Skillman Breckinridge on the famous Lindbergh kidnapping case in 1932, staying at the Charles A Lindbergh residence in Hopewell, New Jersey, until the body of the child was found on 12 May 1932. Bruno Richard Hauptmann was executed for this crime in 1936.
In 1938, he became an Assistant District Attorney of New York County under District Attorney, and future Governor of New York, Thomas E. Dewey. He left the District Attorneys's office in 1941 to join the U.S. Navy during World War II.
During World War II, Thayer was commissioned as a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy. He was an intelligence officer in the South Pacific early in the war and then went to Europe, where he took part in the invasions of Normandy and southern France. He returned to the Pacific in time for the invasion of the Philippines.
After the war, he was appointed Assistant to the Commissioner of the New York State Division of Housing by then Governor Dewey, and in 1949, Dewey appointed him to lead the New York State Commission Against Discrimination.
In 1950, he began his formal career in diplomacy, as the Assistant U.S. Ambassador to France. He served in that role under Ambassadors David K. E. Bruce, James Clement Dunn, and C. Douglas Dillon until 1954. On August 17, 1955, Thayer was nominated as the U.S. Minister to Romania. He was commissioned during a recess of the U.S. Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 25, 1956, presenting his credentials on November 10, 1955 and serving until December 12, 1957. During his term, Soviet troops from Timișoara entered Hungary through the Romanian city of Oradea. In February 1957, he wrote to then Secretary of State John Foster Dulles stating:
"The Romanian Government is as usual straddling the fence with its customary skill. It is following Soviet instructions and its own inclination to keep its people from becoming too keen on us by attacking us publicly from every angle, and at the same time is keeping the door open for such economic and cultural advantages as it may glean at an appropriate moment."
After leaving his post, he then went to the State Department as Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs where he served until 1962. Later, Thayer was appointed a trustee of the National Trust for Historic Preservation from 1966 and was vice-chairman from 1975 to 1977.
On December 30, 1926, Thayer was married to Virginia Pratt (1905−1979). She was the daughter of lawyer, financier and philanthropist John Teele Pratt and Ruth Baker Pratt, the first U.S. Congresswoman from New York State. Her brother, Edwin H. Baker Pratt, was the headmaster of Buckingham Browne & Nichols, and her sister, Phyllis Pratt, was married to Paul Nitze, the Secretary of the Nave and Deputy Secretary of Defense under President Lyndon B. Johnson. Together, they were the parents of three children:
- Robert Helyer Thayer, Jr. (d. 2014), who bred and showed standard poodles and bred exotic birds from 1984 to 2009.
- Stephen Badger Thayer
- Sally Sears Thayer (d. 2001), a 1955 debutante who became a Broadway and Off-Broadway producer.
- "Robert H. Thayer, 82; Ex-Envoy to Rumania". The New York Times. January 29, 1984. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Smith, J. Y. (29 January 1984). "Robert Thayer, Naval Officer, Diplomat, Dies". Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via www.washingtonpost.com. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Robert Helyer Thayer - People - Department History". history.state.gov. Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs United States Department of State. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Verona, Sergiu (1992). Military Occupation and Diplomacy: Soviet Troops in Romania, 1944-1958. Duke University Press. p. 188. ISBN 0822311712. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Holtsmark, Sven G.; Neumann, Iver B.; Westad, Odd Arne (2016). The Soviet Union in Eastern Europe, 1945–89. Springer. p. 108. ISBN 9781349232345. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "MISS VIRGINIA PRATT TO WED ON DEC. 30 Marriage to Robert H. Thayer Will Take Place in St, Bartholomew's Church". The New York Times. 8 December 1926. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Deaths | THAYER‐Virginia Pratt". The New York Times. 13 December 1979. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Washington-area obituaries of note". Washington Post. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "22 TO MAKE BOWS IN CAPITAL DEC. 19; Girls Will Be Presented to Society at Debutante Ball at Mayflower Hotel". The New York Times. 30 October 1955. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Paid Notice: Deaths SEARS, SALLY". The New York Times. 20 May 2001. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)