Robert Henry English

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Robert Henry English
Robert Henry English.jpg
Robert English prior to his promotion to rear admiral
Born (1888-01-16)16 January 1888
Warrenton, Georgia
Died 21 January 1943(1943-01-21) (aged 55)
near Ukiah, California
Buried Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1911–1943
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Rear Admiral
Commands held USS O-4 (SS-65)
USS Helena (CL-50)
Commander, Submarines, United States Pacific Fleet
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Cross

Robert Henry English (16 January 1888 – 21 January 1943) was a United States Navy commissioned officer who commanded the U.S. Navy's submarine force in the Pacific Theater of Operations early in World War II.

English was born in Warrenton, Georgia, and he was a member of the United States Naval Academy class of 1911. Early in his naval career he became a submariner. In 1917, while commanding the submarine USS O-4 (SS-65), he received the Navy Cross for his great heroism in rescuing an officer trapped in the submarine USS O-5 (SS-66) after an explosion.

After a series of important assignments, he became commanding officer of the light cruiser USS Helena (CL-50), and during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on 7 December 1941 was one of the first to bring his ship into action.

On 14 May 1942, he became Commander, Submarines, United States Pacific Fleet (COMSUBPAC)), and was so serving when killed in the crash of Pan American Flight 1104 into a mountain about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Ukiah in Mendocino County, California, on 21 January 1943. In the accident, English and other Navy officers were passengers on a four-engine Martin M-130 flying boat, being flown by a Pan American Airways civilian crew. The aircraft — dubbed the Philippine Clipper before the U.S Navy purchased it and pressed it into service during World War II — was destroyed in the accident; all 19 aboard were killed.

For his exceptionally meritorious service in his last assignment, Rear Admiral English posthumously was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.

Namesake[edit]

USS English (DD-696), an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer in commission from 1944 to 1970, was named in English's honor.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.


External links[edit]