||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
|Senator from Val-d'Oise|
1 October 2004
|Preceded by||Marie-Claude Beaudeau|
|President of the French Communist Party|
28 October 2001 – 8 April 2003
|Preceded by||Maurice Thorez (1964)|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|National Secretary of the French Communist Party|
29 January 1994 – 28 October 2001
|Preceded by||Georges Marchais|
|Succeeded by||Marie-George Buffet|
19 October 1946 |
|Political party||French Communist Party|
Robert Hue, in full Robert Georges Auguste Hue (born 19 October 1946), is a French politician who was National Secretary of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1994 to 2001 and President of the PCF from 2001 to 2002. He served as a Deputy in the National Assembly of France from 1997 to 2002, and he has served in the Senate of France since 2004.
He is married to Marie-Edith, and he is father of two (Charles and Cécilia).
Hue was born at Cormeilles-en-Parisis, Val-d'Oise in 1946. His family professed Communist beliefs, and Hue, as a child, sold issues of the Party newspaper, L'Humanité. He studied at the technical school in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, sang in a rock band called Les Rapaces under the alias Willy Barton, and practiced judo (winning an intercollegiate medal and receiving a black belt nidan).
Close to Georges Marchais, Hue climbed the steps in the Party hierarchy, being also elected mayor of Montigny-lès-Cormeilles in 1977. He was to be reelected for all possible terms, until 2001. In February 1981, he was brought briefly under the spotlight, by starting a campaign against a family of immigrants, whom he had accused of selling drugs (a "charge" that was based mainly on hearsay). This seemed strange to the public opinion in France, as Hue had been (and was to remain) a strict follower of the Party lines.
In 1987, Hue joined the Party's Central Committee and, in 1990, its Politburo. At that time, he presided the National association of Communist elects. In 1994, while still largely unknown, Hue was appointed successor by Georges Marchais. Hue changed renamed the office of Secretary General "National Secretary" in an effort to refresh the party's image. He did become quite well known only a few hours later, when he uttered a famous lapsus linguae: I'm not nobody's pawn.
Hue and Party reform
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, faced with the rapid erosion of his Party, Robert Hue started a series of political transformations: openness to other political movements, discarding of several doctrines, a double-headed Party executive (with Hue as President and Marie-George Buffet as National Secretary), etc. He made his approach public through his book, Communisme : la mutation.
Robert Hue's low percentage in 1995 is explained by the competition from Workers' Struggle, but it was still more than André Lajoinie's result in 1988. In 1997, he stood by the idea of Gauche Plurielle ("Pluralist Left") which brought the leftist politics back in power with Lionel Jospin; Hue became a deputy, and the government included a number of Communists.
However, the Party was falling out of favor with the public: from over 200,000 members in 1998, it dropped to 138,000 in 2001. The Party lost a good deal of allegiancies during the 2001 municipal elections.
Hue created and assumed in 2001 the title of President of the Party. His successor as National secretary of the party was Marie-George Buffet.
The poor result in 2002 made the far-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen cheer the death of Communist strength. In fact, the outcome was so bad that the Party did not have anything to show for the money it had invested in its campaign, and verged on financial collapse. Hue resigned the Presidency while the Party appealed to the generosity of its members. The Presidency was abolished, the National Secretary (Buffet) remaining as the Party's sole leader.
Member of European Parliament : 1999-2000 (Resignation). Elected in 1999.
National Assembly of France
Senate of France
Senator of Val d'Oise : Since 2004. Elected in 2004.
Regional councillor of Ile-de-France : 1986-1988 (Resignation) / 1992-1993 (Resignation). Reelected in 1992.
General councillor of Val d'Oise : 1988-1998 (Resignation). Reelected in 1994.
Mayor of Montigny-lès-Cormeilles : 1977-2009 (Resignation). Reelected in 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008.
Municipal councillor of Montigny-lès-Cormeilles : 1977-2009 (Resignation). Reelected in 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008.
President of the French Communist Party : 2001-2002.
National Secretary of the French Communist Party : 1994-2001.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert Hue.|
- Histoire d'un village du Parisis des origines à la Révolution (1981)
- Du village à la ville (1986)
- Montigny pendant la Révolution (1989)
- Communisme : la mutation (1995)
- Il faut qu'on se parle (1997)
- Communisme : un nouveau projet (1999)
- "Communists In France Pick A New Leader". Washington Post. 30 Jan 1994.
|Party political offices|
|National secretary of the French Communist Party
1994 - 2001
none - position created
|President of the French Communist Party
2001 - 2002
none - position abolished