Robert Hunter (lyricist)
Robert Hunter, 2013
|Birth name||Robert Burns|
June 23, 1941 |
San Luis Obispo, California, United States
|Genres||Folk rock, bluegrass, country rock, rock and roll, psychedelic rock, blues-rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer-songwriter, poet, translator|
|Instruments||Guitar, harmonica, mandolin, upright bass|
|Labels||Relix Records, Dark Star Records, Round Records|
|Associated acts||Grateful Dead, Bob Dylan|
Robert C. Hunter (born June 23, 1941) is an American lyricist, singer-songwriter, translator, and poet, best known for his work with the Grateful Dead and for collaborating with singer-songwriter Bob Dylan.
He was born Robert Burns in Oceano, California. An early friend of Jerry Garcia, they played together in bluegrass bands (such as the Tub Thumpers) in the early sixties, with Hunter on mandolin and upright bass.
Around 1962, Hunter was an early volunteer test subject (along with Ken Kesey) for psychedelic chemicals at Stanford University's research covertly sponsored by the CIA in their MKULTRA program. [McNally 42] He was paid to take LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline and report on his experiences, which were creatively formative for him: "Sit back picture yourself swooping up a shell of purple with foam crests of crystal drops soft nigh they fall unto the sea of morning creep-very-softly mist...and then sort of cascade tinkley-bell like (must I take you by the hand, every so slowly type) and then conglomerate suddenly into a peal of silver vibrant uncomprehendingly, blood singingly, joyously resoundingbells....By my faith if this be insanity, then for the love of God permit me to remain insane." [McNally 42–43]
The first lyrics he wrote for the Grateful Dead were composed while on LSD, and mailed to the band from Arizona: a suite that would later become "China Cat Sunflower"/"The Eleven" (these were performed together for a short time). "China Cat Sunflower" would later find a partner in "I Know You Rider". After battling moderate drug addiction, he abandoned his Joycean/Western vision quest and joined his old friend's band, the Grateful Dead, on the first weekend in September 1967, at the small Rio Nido, California, gigs. The association was at first informal, but began on an auspicious note, as that weekend he wrote the first verse of one of his better-known songs, "Dark Star". It is perhaps not a coincidence that some Deadheads argue that the Rio Nido gigs were the first in which the band accessed the full power of their psychedelic improvisation style.
Hunter's relationship with the band grew until he was officially a non-performing band member. When the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, Hunter was included as a band member, the only non-performer ever so honored. The majority of the Grateful Dead's original songs are Hunter/Garcia collaborations, where Garcia composed the music and Hunter wrote the lyrics. Garcia once described Hunter as "the band member who doesn't come out on stage with us." Hunter also collaborated as a lyricist with the other voices in the Dead, Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, although over time Weir, the other principal songwriter besides Garcia, switched to using John Perry Barlow as a lyricist.
Hunter called 1970's "Friend of the Devil" the closest he and Garcia came to writing a classic song. Hunter's best-known line is probably What a long, strange trip it's been, from that year's "Truckin'".
In 1974, Hunter released the solo album Tales of the Great Rum Runners featuring himself as a singer songwriter. It was followed the next year by Tiger Rose. Neither attracted a large audience. Another of his solo efforts is the extremely rare recording Jack O' Roses, containing the extended version of "Terrapin Station Suite" (sans the non-Hunter "At A Siding") and a solo rendition of "Friend of the Devil".
In 1983, Hunter convinced Relix magazine founder, Les Kippel, to start a record company. Hunter wanted an American outlet for his new project Jack O'Roses.
Hunter has collaborated with Bob Dylan on several occasions; he co-wrote two songs on Dylan's 1988 album Down in the Groove, all but one of the songs on Dylan's 2009 album Together Through Life, and "Duquesne Whistle" from Dylan's 2012 album Tempest.
Since the dissolution of the Grateful Dead in 1995 Hunter has successfully continued his writing career, working on new songs with Jim Lauderdale, Steve Kimock, David Nelson, Pete Sears, and Rob Barraco, among others. He also is seen occasionally playing solo acoustic guitar and performing his classic works, as well as newer songs. In 2004 he opened most of the Dead's summer tour. He also co-wrote, with Nelson, many of the songs on the 2009 New Riders of the Purple Sage album Where I Come From.
- MR: "Cyclone" gets more philosophical, especially with lines like, "I've got no answers of my own, and none have been provided."
- BH: You know those are Robert Hunter's lyrics with a couple of additions from me.
Bruce Hornsby commented on his work for Levitate ("Cyclone") at Express Night Out website (a Washington Post Company): "Well, I've always loved [Robert Hunter's] writing. I've loved so many of the Garcia/Hunter songs. They're just timeless sounding to me, could have been written hundreds of years ago. I had this song that had the same feeling as, say, 'Brokedown Palace'."
In 2010 Robert co-wrote Patchwork River with Jim Lauderdale. The album was released on the Thirty Tigers Label. Also in 2010 Robert Hunter with Cesar Rosas co-wrote the song "All My Bridges Burning" for Los Lobos' album Tin Can Trust. In 2010, Hunter also wrote lyrics for 7 Walkers' debut album including "Louisiana Rain," "Chingo," and "Sue From Bogalusa." In 2012 Hunter co-wrote lyics for the Mickey Hart Band's albums, Mysterium Tremendum and the follow-up, Superorganism. In an interview with American Songwriter, Hart categorizes Hunter's lyrics compared to other great lyricists saying, "When you're in a situation in the future and you can't explain it, very often a Hunter line or two or three will explain something that's unexplainable." Also in 2012, Hunter co-wrote four songs on Little Feat's album, Rooster Rag.
In 2013, Hunter announced a tour to commence in the fall.
Translations and poetry
- "Uncle John's Band"
- "Friend of the Devil"
- "Brokedown Palace"
- "Casey Jones"
- "Box of Rain"
- "Sugar Magnolia"
- "Playing in the Band"
- "Greatest Story Ever Told"
- "Easy Wind"
- "Dark Star"
- "China Cat Sunflower"
- "Scarlet Begonias"
- "St. Stephen"
- "Touch of Grey"
- "Terrapin Station"
- "Eyes of the World"
- "He's Gone"
- "China Doll"
- "Mississippi Half-Step Uptown Toodleloo"
- "Ramble on Rose"
- "Tennessee Jed"
- "Rooster Rag"
- "Rag Top Down"
- "Way Down Under"
- Tales of the Great Rum Runners (1974 – Round Records, RX-101)
- Tiger Rose (1975 – Round Records, RX-105)
- Alligator Moon (recorded but unreleased – 1978)
- Jack O'Roses (1980 – Dark Star Records, DSLP8001)
- Promontory Rider: A Retrospective Collection (1982 – Relix Records, RRLP2002)
- Amagamalin St. (1984 – Relix Records)
- Live '85 (1985 – Relix Records)
- Flight Of The Marie Helena (1985 – Relix Records)
- Rock Columbia (1986 – Relix Records)
- Liberty (1988 – Relix Records)
- A Box of Rain (1991 – Ryko Disc)
- Duino Elegies by Rainer Maria Rilke, Translator (1987). ISBN 0-938493-04-3
- Box of Rain (1990). ISBN 978-0-670-83412-9
- Night Cadre (1991). ISBN 0-670-83413-0
- Idiot's Delight (1992). ISBN 0-937815-49-7
- Sentinel (1993). ISBN 0-14-058698-9
- Duino Elegies ; The Sonnets to Orpheus by Rainer Marie Rilke, Translator (1993). ISBN 0-938493-21-3
- Dog Moon (1996). ISBN 1-56389-237-5
- Glass Lunch (1997). ISBN 0-14-058777-2
- The Complete Annotated Grateful Dead Lyrics (2005); foreword by Robert Hunter. ISBN 978-0-7432-7747-1
- Browne, David (March 9, 2015). "Robert Hunter on Grateful Dead's Early Days, Wild Tours, 'Sacred' Songs", Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Browne, David (March 11, 2015). "Grateful Dead's Robert Hunter on Jerry's Final Days: 'We Were Brothers'", Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". Rockhall.com. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "The Annotated "Friend of the Devil"". Artsites.ucsc.edu. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Bob Dylan Rep Confirms Robert Hunter Co-Wrote 'Together Through Life' Lyrics". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Huffington Post, Entertainment writer, Mike Ragogna, 2009-09-14.". September 15, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Liner Notes: Bruce Hornsby, Levitate 9/14/2009". Express Night Out website (a Washington Post Company). Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- Verity, Michael (May 18, 2012). "Good Vibrations: A Q&A with Mickey Hart". American Songwriter. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- "Robert Hunter Announces Fall Tour". JamBase.
- "Standing in the Soul – Robert Hunter Interview". University of California Santa Cruz. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- Hunter, Robert. A Box of Rain. Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-013451-4. The complete lyrics of Robert Hunter to date.
- McNally, Dennis. A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead. Broadway Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7679-1186-5.
- The Grateful Dead Family Discography (Located at http://www.deaddisc.com/GDFD_RHPerformer.htm).
Media related to Robert Hunter (lyricist) at Wikimedia Commons