Robert I, Count of Artois
|Count of Artois|
|Born||25 September 1216|
|Died||8 February 1250|
|Spouse||Matilda of Brabant|
|Issue||Blanche of Artois
Robert II of Artois
|Father||Louis VIII of France|
|Mother||Blanche of Castile|
He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.
They had two children:
While participating in the Seventh Crusade, Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. He and the Templars after fording a river, charged a Mamluk outpost in which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed. Enbolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.
|Ancestors of Robert I, Count of Artois|
In popular culture
Robert Artois is featured in a segment of Horrible Histories, season 3, episode 1.
- Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, (Routledge, 2014), 244.
- Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, (Harvard University Press, 1966), 23.
- (FR)Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, (De Boeck & Larcier, 2005), 166, 176.
- The Crusades of Louis IX, Joseph R. Strayer, A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, (University of Wisconsin, 1969), 499-501.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert I of Artois.|
- Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, Routledge, 2014.
- Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, De Boeck & Larcier, 2005.
- A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, University of Wisconsin, 1969.
- Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, Harvard University Press, 1966.
|New title||Count of Artois