Robert I, Duke of Burgundy
|Robert I "the Old"|
|Duke of Burgundy|
|Spouse(s)||Helie of Semur
Ermengarde of Anjou
Henry of Burgundy
Constance, Empress of Spain, Queen consort of León and Castile
Hildegarde, Duchess consort of Aquitaine
|Noble family||House of Burgundy|
|Father||Robert II of France|
|Mother||Constance of Arles|
|Died||21 March 1076
Robert I of Burgundy (1011 – 21 March 1076), known as Robert the Old and "Tete-Hardi", was Duke of Burgundy from 1032 to his death. Robert was son of King Robert II of France and brother of Henry I of France.
In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032).
Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke."
He married his first wife, Helie of Semur, about 1033, and repudiated her in 1046. Robert and Helie had five children:
- Hugh (1034–1059), killed in battle
- Henry (1035–ca.1074). He died shortly before his father, thus making his son Robert's heir. His children included Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy (1057–1093), Odo I, Duke of Burgundy (1058–1103), and Henry, Count of Portugal (1066–1112), among others
- Robert (1040–1113), poisoned; married Violante of Sicily, daughter of Roger I of Sicily
- Simon (1045–1087)
- Constance (1046–1093), married Alfonso VI of León and Castile
|Ancestors of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy|
- Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen, ed. Mark Hillary Hansen, (Sterling Publishing Co., 2005), 111.
- Elizabeth Hallam, Capetian France:987-1328, (Longman Group Ltd., 1980), 30.
- Burgundy, Constance B. Bouchard, Medieval France:An Encyclopedia, ed. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn, (Routledge, 1995), 156.
- Georges Duby, The Knight, the Lady and the Priest, (University of Chicago Press, 1981), 90.
- Gwatking, H. M., Whitney, J. P., et al. Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III—Germany and the Western Empire. Cambridge University Press: London, 1930.
|Duke of Burgundy
1032 – 1076