Robert II, Count of Artois
|Robert II, Count of Artois|
Robert II, Count of Artois
|Died||11 July 1302
Battle of the Golden Spurs, near Kortrijk
|Noble family||House of Artois|
|Spouse(s)||Amicie de Courtenay
Agnes of Dampierre
Margaret of Hainaut
|Father||Robert I of Artois|
|Mother||Matilda of Brabant|
Robert II (September 1250 – 11 July 1302) was the Count of Artois, the posthumous son and heir of Robert I and Matilda of Brabant. Nephew of the sainted King Louis IX, as a young man Robert was fond of practical jokes and in later life owned a pet wolf. He died at the Battle of the Golden Spurs.
An experienced soldier, he took part in the Aragonese Crusade and attempted an invasion of Sicily in 1287. In 1288 Robert began work on a great park at Hesdin. The park contained a menagerie, aviaries, fishponds, orchards, an enclosed garden and facilities for tournaments. It also contained mechanical statues including waving monkeys draped in skins.
Robert loved pranks. His garden had:
- A statue that squirted water at people that walked past
- A trapdoor that dropped people onto a feather bed
- A hose pipe that squirted water up ladies' dresses
- A statue that squawked like a parrot
- And a room that greeted people with a thunderstorm as they opened the door.
Robert also brought falcons into church and let farm animals loose.
Battle of the Golden Spurs
He then met the Flemish army at the Battle of the Golden Spurs. His infantry advanced with great success against the Flemings (mostly city militia), but he ordered their recall to allow his cavalry to make the final, victorious charge. But on the broken, marshy ground, his knights were unable to gain enough momentum to break the Flemish shieldwall, and they were knocked down and slaughtered. Robert led some of the reserves in a second charge in an attempt to reverse their fortunes, but he and his troops were cut down by the Flemish infantry.
After Amicie's death, Robert married twice more: first, in 1277, to Agnes of Dampierre (1237–1288), heiress of Bourbon, and then, on 18 October 1298 to Margaret (died 1342), daughter of John II, Count of Hainaut. After Robert's death, his daughter Mahaut inherited Artois, but his grandson Robert III unsuccessfully tried to claim it.
|Ancestors of Robert II, Count of Artois|
- Artois, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, ed. William W. Kibler, Grover A. Zinn and Lawrence Earp, (Routledge, 1995), 143.
- Jordan, William Chester. "Count Robert’s "Pet" Wolf" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274–1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, (Oxford University Press, 1992), 204.
- Landsberg, Sylvia (1995). The Medieval Garden. New York: Thames and Hudson. p. 22.
- Macdougall, Elisabeth B. Medieval Gardens. Google Books. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Funck-Brentano, Fr., The Middle Ages, (WILLIAM HEINEMAW LTI), 375.
- Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, (Oxford University Press, 1991), 178.
- Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, Oxford University Press, 1991.
- Funck-Brentano, Frantz, The Middle Ages, Heinemann, 1922.
- Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274–1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, Oxford University Press, 1992.
- Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066–1399, Heritage Books Inc., 2007.
Robert II, Count of ArtoisBorn: September 1250 Died: 11 July 1302
|Count of Artois
disputed by Robert III