Robert I, Count of Artois

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Robert I
Count of Artois
RobertArtois maly.jpg
Born September 25, 1216
Died February 8, 1250
Spouse Matilda of Brabant
Issue Blanche of Artois
Robert II of Artois
Father Louis VIII of France
Mother Blanche of Castile

Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.[1]

Life[edit]

He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one).[2] In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.

Coat of Arms of Robert of Artois

Marriage[edit]

On 14 June 1237 Robert married Matilda, daughter of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.[3]

They had two children:

Death[edit]

Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX.[4] He and the Templars after fording a river, charged a Mamluk outpost in which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed.[4] Enbolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets.[4] According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, (Routledge, 2014), 244.
  2. ^ Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, (Harvard University Press, 1966), 23.
  3. ^ a b (FR)Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, (De Boeck & Larcier, 2005), 166, 176.
  4. ^ a b c The Crusades of Louis IX, Joseph R. Strayer, A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, (University of Wisconsin, 1969), 499-501.

References[edit]

  • Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, Routledge, 2014.
  • Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, De Boeck & Larcier, 2005.
  • A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, University of Wisconsin, 1969.
  • Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, Harvard University Press, 1966.


French nobility
New title Count of Artois
1237–1250
Succeeded by
Robert II