Robert I, Count of Artois

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Robert I
Count of Artois
RobertArtois maly.jpg
Born 25 September 1216
Died 8 February 1250
Spouse Matilda of Brabant
Issue Blanche of Artois
Robert II of Artois
Father Louis VIII of France
Mother Blanche of Castile

Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.[1]

Life[edit]

He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one).[2] In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.

Coat of Arms of Robert of Artois

Marriage[edit]

On 14 June 1237 Robert married Matilda, daughter of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.[3]

They had two children:

Death[edit]

Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX.[4] He and the Templars after fording a river, charged a Mamluk outpost in which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed.[4] Enbolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets.[4] According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, (Routledge, 2014), 244.
  2. ^ Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, (Harvard University Press, 1966), 23.
  3. ^ a b (FR)Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, (De Boeck & Larcier, 2005), 166, 176.
  4. ^ a b c The Crusades of Louis IX, Joseph R. Strayer, A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, (University of Wisconsin, 1969), 499-501.

References[edit]

  • Jean Dunbabin, Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century, Routledge, 2014.
  • Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, De Boeck & Larcier, 2005.
  • A History of the Crusades, Vol. II, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, University of Wisconsin, 1969.
  • Charles T. Wood, The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, Harvard University Press, 1966.


French nobility
New title Count of Artois
1237–1250
Succeeded by
Robert II