Robert Levy or Robert Lévy (Edesheim, 9 January 1928 - 1944) was a French Jewish physician who served with the German army in World War I, for two years. During World War II, he served as the prisoner-doctor at Auschwitz.
Robert Levy, was arrested on May 12, 1943, in Limoges and deported from Drancy on September 2, 1943, then deported to Auschwitz in 1944 and belonged to the concentration camp personnel conducting medical treatments at the Auschwitz II Birkenau death factory. He worked in the surgical block where the records were also kept. In his notes presented at the Nuremberg Trials (SS im Einsatz, 167/2), Lévy mentioned "losing" 96% of his patients on several different occasions. Every now and then, new selections among prisoners made to strip naked, were arranged on the block by head-doctor Friedrich Entress (see Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials). The injured – who were unable to return to work considerably quickly – were sent right away for the so-called "special handling" (Sonderbehandlung) at Block 20, which meant one thing: the phenol injection. Lévy seriously believed that he was actually performing medicine, that's why his notes were meticulous.
Lévy was one of the estimated 6,000 to 8,000 staff members thought to have been involved in the operation of the camp. According to deposition filed after World War II by his second cousin at Yad Vashem (providing that it was the same person), Lévy was born in Ensisheim, France in 1928 to Georgette and Sylvain Levy and he perished in 1944 while at Auschwitz.
Notes and references
- Kim Christian Priemel, Alexa Stiller (2012), Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals: Transitional Justice, Trial Narratives, and Historiography. Berghahn Books, p. 93. "The prisoner doctor, Robert Levy, gave evidence about experimental operations in Auschwitz. He was a French citizen but had served with the German army in World War I for two years..." (see) "... most of the patients were very unhappy and psychologically broken by the serialization." (Google Books preview)
- Endstation Auschwitz: Die Deportation deutscher und österreichischer jüdischer Kinder aus Frankreich. Ein Erinnerungsbuch - Beate Klarsfeld, Serge Klarsfeld - 2008 Page 87 " Beate Klarsfeld, Serge Klarsfeld. Robert Levy kam am 9. Januar 1928 in Edesheim zur Welt. Er wurde in St. Die im Departement Vosges in ..."
- Gerhard Schoenberner (2004). "Sources" (Google Books). The Yellow Star: The Persecutions of the Jews in Europe, 1933-1945. Fordham Univ Press. p. 284. ISBN 0823223906. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Robert Lay Lifton (2000). "Selections in the Camp" (Google Books). The Nazi doctors: medical killing and the psychology of genocide. Basic Books. pp. 189–182. ISBN 0465049052. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Rebecca Wittmann (2005). "Beyond Justice: the Auschwitz Trial". Harvard University Press. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- YV (2013). "Robert Levy". Central Database. Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- The destruction of the European Jews - Page 607 Raul Hilberg - 1973 Affidavit by Dr. Robert Levy (survivor), November 19, 1946, NO-884. wanted to fortify the mass destructive aim with an ..."
- B&S (2010). "Auschwitz, camp de concentration nazi. 22.214.171.124. La vie quotidienne par Rober Lévy". Robert Lévy, Témoignages strasbourgeois. De l'Université aux camps de concentration, Les Belles Lettres, 1947. B&S Encyclopédie Editions. Retrieved 2013-05-28.