Robert L. Stephens
|Robert L. Stephens|
|Nickname(s)||The Silver Fox|
December 1, 1921|
|Died||May 21, 1984
|Place of burial||Gilmer, Texas|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1943 - 1973|
|Commands held||Chief of Fighter Operations, Edwards AFB, 1952-55
Test Director F-104 1954-58
Test Director YF-12 and SR-71 1963-68
|Awards||Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross
Meritorious Service Medal
|Other work||Aerospace Representative|
Robert L. Stephens was born on December 1, 1921, and raised in Gilmer, Texas, graduating from Gilmer High School in 1939 and from Texas A&M University in 1943 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Vernon J. Stephens, he entered the Army Air Corps in 1943 and flew P-47s in combat during World War II. After the war, he earned a Master of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Princeton University.
Stephens rose to the top of his profession as a test pilot for some of the most exotic aircraft in the USAF inventory. In 1949, he graduated from the Air Materiel Command Experimental Test Pilot School at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base with Class 49D. He was called the "Silver Fox" due to his prematurely gray hair which he kept in a neatly trimmed crew cut. In 1952, Stephens arrived at Edwards Air Force Base, California to serve as Chief of Fighter Operations. From 1963 to 1968, he served as test director of the YF-12 and SR-71 test force. He was the first military pilot to fly the YF-12A interceptor and the SR-71 reconnaissance aircraft.
Stephens flew nearly all jet fighter aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s era from the F-80 Shooting Star to the F-106 Delta Dart. He flight tested the YF-100A, YF-102, XF-104, X-5, X-1B, Navy F2H3, F4D, the F-94 series, F-86, F-89D, F-89H, and YF-101. He served as test director for the F-104 program and performed the first wingtip fuel tank jettison test. On this flight, the fuel tanks slammed into the fuselage of the F-104 instead of falling free. Stephens made an emergency landing and saved the aircraft. Working with Lockheed engineers and other aviation consultants, he helped solve this and other problems with the F-104.
On 1 May 1965, at Edwards Air Force Base, pilot Stephens and fire control officer Daniel Andre, established four world speed and altitude records in the YF-12A. They averaged 2,070 miles per hour over a 17-kilometer straight away course, then held 80,257 feet to establish a world record for sustained horizontal flight. These records stood until 1977 when they were surpassed by an SR-71.
Stephens was awarded the following medals for his military service: Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal. He was also honored with the 1965 Thompson Trophy, 1965 Mackay Trophy, Flying Tiger Trophy, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale Gold Medal, Henri De La Vauix Medal, Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement, and the city of Lancaster Aerospace Walk of Honor. On June 18, 1966, a parade was held in Gilmer, Texas to celebrate "Bobby Stephens Day". On October 20, 2000 in Gilmer, Texas the Gilmer Airfield officially changed its name to "Fox Stephens Field", in honor of Colonel Stephens.
- "Robert L. Stephens Biography". Gilmer, Texas: Flight of the Phoenix Aviation Museum, Inc. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- Marrett, Contrails Over the Mojave, p. 97
- Barnes, Bart (May 25, 1984). "Robert Stephens, World Record Test Pilot, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "Airport renamed for "Fox" Stephens", The Gilmer Mirror, August 21, 1999. Retrieved June 1, 2008
- (1994) USAF Test Pilot School 50 Years and Beyond, p. 67
- Slayton, Deke! An Autobiography, p. 58
- "Aerospace Walk of Honor 1998". City of Lancaster, California. July 13, 2006. Archived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- Marrett, Contrails Over the Mojave. p. 98
- Marrett, Testing Death, p. 39
- SR-71 Blackbird Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
- Dryden YF-12 Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- "1965 Thompson Trophy". National Museum of the United States Air Force. June 5, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "Mackay 1960-1969 Recipients". National Aeronautic Association. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- FAI Medals Awarded to Robert L. Stephens. Retrieved June 7, 2008
- USAF Test Pilot School 50 Years and Beyond. Privately Published. 1994.
- Marrett, George J. (2008). Contrails Over the Mojave: The Golden Age of Jet Flight Testing at Edwards Air Force Base. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-511-2. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
- Marrett, George J. (2004). Testing Death: Hughes Aircraft Test Pilots and Cold War Weaponry. Praeger Security International. ISBN 0-275-99066-4. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
- Slayton, Donald K.; Cassutt, Michael (1994). Deke! An Autobiography. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-85918-X. Retrieved 2008-06-07.