Robert Lee Scott, Jr.
|Robert Lee Scott, Jr.|
Robert Lee Scott Jr., fighter ace and best selling author
April 12, 1908|
|Died||February 27, 2006
Warner Robins, Georgia
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1932–1957|
|Commands held||23rd Fighter Group
36th Fighter Bomber Wing
Luke Air Force Base
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Silver Star (2)
Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Air Medal (3)
Robert Lee Scott Jr. (12 April 1908 – 27 February 2006) was a brigadier general in the United States Air Force. Scott is best known for his autobiography God is My Co-Pilot about his exploits in World War II with the Flying Tigers and the United States Army Air Forces in China and Burma. The book was eventually made into a film of the same name.
Scott was born in Waynesboro, near Macon, Georgia, the oldest of three children born to Ola and Robert Scott Sr. As a youth, Scott was educated in Macon and became an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. Also in Macon as a youth of five, he witnessed the fatal aircraft crash of pioneer aviator Eugene Ely.
Upon graduation from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1932, Scott completed pilot training at Kelly Field, Texas. In October 1933, he was assigned to Mitchel Field, New York. Scott flew air mail in 1934, commanded a pursuit squadron in Panama and helped instruct other pilots at bases in Texas and California.
World War II
After World War II began, he joined Task Force Aquila in February 1942 to fly a group of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers to the China Burma India Theater. Anxious to join the mission, which was to bomb Japan from China, he professed to be an experienced B-17 pilot. He actually learned to fly it en route to Africa. Upon arrival in India, he found the mission had been scrubbed so he became stuck in India when he really wanted to be on the frontline in a cockpit flying combat. Within a month, he was executive and operations officer of the Assam-Burma-China (Ferry) Command, forerunner of the famous Air Transport Command, flying the Hump from India to China to supply the Kuomintang government. When the commanding officer left for China on 17 June, Scott was left in command of the operation for several days.
Still anxious to get into combat and wishing to learn the Flying Tigers' tactics, he obtained the use of a Republic P-43 Lancer, actually assigned to the Flying Tigers from Claire Chennault, with which he flew at least one high altitude mission over Mount Everest, as described in the opening pages of his autobiography God Is My Co-Pilot. Scott began flying missions with the Flying Tigers, piloting a P-40 as a single ship escort for the transports and on ground attack missions. During this period, he frequently repainted the propeller spinner in different colors to create the illusion of a much larger fighter force in the area than a single aircraft, becoming in effect a "one-man air force".
In July 1942, at the request of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, Scott was named commander of the 23rd Fighter Group, newly formed by General Claire Chennault when the Flying Tigers were incorporated into the USAAF. Popular accounts stated that Scott inherited command of the Flying Tigers which actually disbanded that same month. The 23rd later become part of the 14th Air Force.
Scott was ordered back to the U.S. in October 1943 to become deputy for operations at the Army Air Force School of Applied Tactics at Orlando Army Air Base, Florida. He returned to China in 1944 to fly fighter aircraft equipped with experimental rockets directed against Japanese supply locomotives in eastern China. He then went to Okinawa to direct the same type of strikes against enemy shipping as the war ended.
Scott then returned to the U.S. for staff duty in Washington, D.C. and other stations until the period from 1947 to 1949, when he commanded the Jet Fighter School at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona. In 1951, he was reassigned to West Germany as commander of the 36th Fighter-Bomber Wing at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base.
Scott graduated from the National War College in 1954 and was assigned to the Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and then to the position of Director of Information under the Secretary of the Air Force. In October 1956, he was assigned to Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, as base commander.
Scott retired from the United States Air Force as a brigadier general on 30 September 1957, and remained in Arizona until the 1980s. He then lived in Warner Robins, Georgia, until his death in 2006. General Scott wrote about a dozen books including God Is My Copilot and The Day I Owned the Sky.
Scott continued to be active well into his retirement. In 1984, he flew a General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon jet fighter, and in 1995, a McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle. On his 89th birthday, in 1997, Scott flew in a B-1B Lancer bomber.
Awards and honors
Books written by Scott
- God is my Co-Pilot. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1943.
- Damned to Glory. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1944.
- Runway to the Sun. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1945.
- Between the Elephant's Eyes. New York: Ballantine Books, 1954.
- Look of the Eagle. New York: Dodd Mead, 1955.
- Samburu the Elephant. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1957.
- Tiger in the Sky. New York: Ballantine Books, 1959.
- Boring a Hole in the Sky: Six Million Miles with a Fighter Pilot. New York: Random House, 1961.
- God is Still My Co-Pilot. Vashon Washington, Beachcomber Books, 1967.
- Flying Tiger: Chennault of China. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1973. ISBN 0-8371-6774-4.
- "To Walk the Great Wall". Readers Digest, April 1983.
- The Day I Owned the Sky. New York: Bantam Books, 1989. ISBN 0-553-27507-0.
- Townley 2006, pp. 20–30.
- "Distinguished Eagle Scouts." Scouting.org. Retrieved: 4 November 2010.
- Scott 1943, pp. 1–2.
- Scott 1943, pp. 6–7.
- Scott 1943, pp. 38–39.
- Scott 1943, p. 83.
- Belden, Jack. "Chennault Fights to Hold the China Front." Life, 20 August 1942, p. 70. Retrieved: 19 November 2011.
- Scott 1943, p. 154.
- Loomis 1961, pp. 50–51.
- Scott 1989, p. 131.
- Scott 1989, p. 100.
- Scott 1989, pp. 162–163.
- Loomis, Robert D. Great American Fighter Pilots of World War II. New York: Random House, 1961.
- Scott, Robert Lee Jr. The Day I Owned the Sky. New York: Bantam Books, 1989. ISBN 0-553-27507-0.
- Scott, Robert Lee Jr. God is my Co-Pilot. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1943.
- Townley, Alvin. Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2006. ISBN 0-312-36653-1.
- Ace Pilots Biography
- USAF Biography at the Wayback Machine (archived February 7, 2004)
- Biography in The New Georgia Encyclopedia
- CNN "WWII fighter ace Scott dies at 97"
- Annals of the Flying Tigers
- Interview with Retired Brig. General Robert L. Scott - American World War II Ace Pilot and Hero by Jamie H. Cockfield
- Burma Is No Paradise, article by Col. Robert Scott, Popular Science, February 1944