Robert Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford

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The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of Lindsay (Earl Crawford).svg
BornRobert Alexander Lindsay
(1927-03-05) 5 March 1927 (age 92)
Nationality United Kingdom
ResidenceBalcarres House, Fife
Spouse(s)Ruth, Lady Crawford & Balcarres (née Meyer-Bechtler)
ParentsDavid, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, KT, GBE, DL;
Mary, Countess of Crawford and Balcarres, 3rd dau of Lord Richard Cavendish, CB, CMG and Lady Moyra (née Beauclerk)
OccupationMember of the House of Lords
The Star of the Thistle

Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford and 12th Earl of Balcarres, KT, GCVO, PC, DL (born 5 March 1927), styled Lord Balniel between 1940 and 1975, is a Scottish hereditary peer and Conservative politician. The elder son of the 28th Earl of Crawford and 11th Earl of Balcarres, he succeeded to the family titles in 1975. Lord Crawford and Balcarres is Premier Earl of Scotland and Chief of Clan Lindsay.

He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] From 1945 to 1948, he served in the Grenadier Guards. He was honorary attache at the British Embassy in Paris from 1950 to 1951, and then worked for the Conservative Research Department.[2]

Balniel was elected for the Conservative Party in Hertford at the 1955 United Kingdom general election, and served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Henry Brooke until 1959. From 1959 to 1965, he was president of the Rural District Councils Association, and from 1963 to 1970, he was chair of the National Association for Mental Health.[2]

While the Conservative Party was in opposition, he served as spokesman on Foreign Affairs from 1965 until 1967, and then joined the Shadow Cabinet as spokesman on Social Services. Following the party's victory in the 1970 United Kingdom general election, he served as Minister of State for Defence, and then from 1972 was Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.[2]

Balniel switched to represent Welwyn and Hatfield at the February 1974 United Kingdom general election, narrowly winning the seat, but he was defeated in the general election in October. He was given a life peerage as Baron Balniel, but the following year succeeded as Earl of Crawford.[2]


Crawford was appointed First Crown Estate Commissioner from 1980-85.[3] He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in the Special Honours List published after The Queen Mother's death.[4]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

GCVO insignia

Titles and styles[edit]

  • Master of Lindsay (1927–1940)
  • Lord Balniel (1940–1972)
  • Lord Balniel MP (1955–1972)
  • The Rt Hon Lord Balniel MP (1972–1974)
  • The Rt Hon Lord Balniel (1974–1975)
  • The Rt Hon The Lord Balniel, PC (January 1975 – December 1975)
  • The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, PC (1975–1996)
  • The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, KT, PC (1996–2002)
  • The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, KT, GCVO, PC (2002– )



The seize quartiers of Lord Crawford and Balcarres, KT.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ CRAWFORD, 29th Earl of, cr. 1398, AND BALCARRES, 12th Earl of, cr. 1651 (Robert Alexander Lindsay). Who's Who. 2018 (online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d Stenton, Michael; Lees, Stephen (1981). Who's Who of British Members of Parliament. IV. Brighton: Harvester Press. p. 16.
  3. ^ Home Office -- London Gazette
  4. ^ London Gazette, 5 August 2002, Supplement #1
  5. ^ Privy Council of the United Kingdom website,; accessed 2 June 2016.
  6. ^ Mosley, Charles (ed.) (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn. London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 950 (CRAWFORD and BALCARRES, E). ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Derek Walker-Smith
Member of Parliament
for Hertford

1955February 1974
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament
for Welwyn and Hatfield

February 1974October 1974
Succeeded by
Helene Hayman
Court offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Dalhousie
Lord Chamberlain
to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

End of office
Death of HM Queen Elizabeth,
The Queen Mother
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
David Alexander Lindsay
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Crawford

Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Balcarres

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Baron Balniel

Life Peerage