Sir Robert Lucas-Tooth, 1st Baronet

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Sir Robert Lucas Lucas-Tooth, 1st Baronet (7 December 1844 – 19 February 1915) was an Australian politician.

He was born in Sydney, the son of Edwin Tooth and Sarah Lucas, and was educated at Eton College. He returned to Australia in 1863, joining the family firm and becoming involved in the brewery business. He owned land near Bega. On 2 January 1873 he married Helen Tooth; they had six children. From 1880 to 1884 he represented Monaro in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.

Holme Lacy House, Herefordshire

In 1889 he settled in England, although he remained involved in Australian interests and visited frequently. In 1895 he ran as a Conservative for the House of Commons, but he was defeated. In 1904 he took the name Lucas-Tooth and was created a baronet. In 1910 he bought Holme Lacy House from the Earl of Chesterfield and modernised it, installing electricity and sewage systems.

As a philanthropist he gave :

  • in 1913 a gift of £50,000 to Prince Alexander of Teck to support the prince's fund to assist and extend facilities for the “physical and moral training of boys”. His name was given to the fund and a medal named "Lucas-Tooth Boys Training Fund for Efficiency" was created circa 1916 to reward deserving military cadets;
  • the same year a donation of £1000 to the Mawson Antarctic Expedition Relief Fund, helping the “Aurora” reach King George V Land and bring back Dr. Douglas Mawson and six others who were over-wintering there after a series of calamities;
  • in 1914 he also contributed £10,000 to Lady Dudley’s Field Hospital to help the Australian war effort.[1]

He died at Holme Lacy in 1915.[2][3]. Both his elder sons were killed in action during the early part of the First World War and the youngest, Archibald, who had succeeded him as 2nd Baronet, also died of pneumonia on military service in 1918. Although two of his sons had married, there were no male heirs and the baronetcy thus became extinct.[4] Holme Lacy was sold in 1919 to R. Hadden Tebb. His wife Helen died in Cheltenham in 1942.


  1. ^ "Holme Lacy House History". Herefordshire Past. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Mr Robert Lucas Tooth (1844 - 1915)". Former Members. Parliament of New South Wales. 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  3. ^ Rutledge, Martha. "Tooth, Sir Robert Lucas Lucas- (1844-1915)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Baronetcy Wiped Out". Poverty Bay Herald. July 16, 1918. Retrieved 2010-07-04. Major Sir Archibald Lucas Tooth, of pneumonia, on service to France. As deceased was the only surviving son of Sir Robert Lucas Tooth, his two elder brothers having been killed in action, the baronetcy becomes extinct.
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
John Murphy
Member for Monaro
Served alongside: Henry Badgery
Succeeded by
David Ryrie
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Queen's Gate)

Succeeded by
Sir Archibald Lucas-Tooth