Robert M. Losey
|Robert M. Losey|
May 27, 1908|
|Died||April 21, 1940
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army Air Corps|
|Years of service||1929–1940|
Captain Robert Moffat Losey (May 27, 1908 – April 21, 1940), an aeronautical meteorologist, is considered to be the first American military casualty in World War II. While serving as a military attaché prior to America's entry into the war, Losey was killed on April 21, 1940 during a German bombardment in Norway. He had been attempting to complete the evacuation of the American diplomatic legation from Norway to Sweden in the wake of the German invasion.
Robert Moffat Losey was born in Andrew, Iowa, on May 27, 1908, to Presbyterian clergyman Leon A. Losey and his wife, Nellie Moore Losey. He graduated from Trenton High School in Trenton, New Jersey, in 1924. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York in 1925. After graduating among the first 100 members of the West Point Class of 1929, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in field artillery, but transferred one year later to the Air Corps. He received his wings from the Air Corps' Advanced Flying School in San Antonio, Texas, on October 11, 1930. Losey then earned two master's degrees from the California Institute of Technology, while serving as a meteorologist in California. "Professors described him as 'perhaps the most brilliant student' who ever attended the school."
From August 1937, to January 1940, Losey was on duty in Washington with the office of Training and Operations Section of the office of the Chief of the Air Corps, Maj. Gen. Henry H. Arnold. There, he served as the first chief of the Weather Section, and was considered "the army's crack aeronautical meteorological expert."
In February 1940 Losey began serving as the air assistant to the military attaché with the United States Embassy in Finland. News accounts indicated his mission was to report on air developments in the Russo-Finnish War (where the harsh winter conditions provided a special opportunity to observe the interplay between meteorology and military aeronautics). As the German armed forces began their Norwegian Campaign, Losey was directed first to Sweden, then to Norway. After arriving in Norway he immediately became involved in efforts to evacuate the American legation to safety across the Swedish border. The American legation was divided into two parties. The first party, including Losey and U.S. Minister Florence Jaffray Harriman, reached Sweden safely, but had lost contact with the second party. Losey volunteered to return to Norway in search of the remainder of the American legation.
According to Harriman, Losey dissuaded her from accompanying him and Harriman's chauffeur on the rescue effort, and warned her that "you might be bombed," and "the Germans are strafing the roads." As Harriman later recounted in her book, Mission to the North, Losey told her that "I certainly don't want to be killed, but your death would be the more serious as it might involve our country in all kinds of trouble, whereas with a military attaché ... ." Harriman stayed in Sweden.
Seeking out the Americans, Losey and the chauffeur passed through Dombås, a strategic railway intersection, just as a German Luftwaffe bombing began. The two sought refuge in a railway tunnel with others, but once in the tunnel Losey stood where he could observe the bombing. After a bomb fell near the entrance to the tunnel, a fragment of it pierced Losey's heart, killing him. In addition to Losey, five Norwegians were killed by the bomb, and 18 wounded.
After the United States entered the war, Hollywood filmmaker Frank Capra included a brief account of Losey's death in Divide and Conquer, the third episode of his propaganda film series, Why We Fight, which he produced on behalf of the U.S. Army Signal Corps.
The citizens of Dombås erected a monument in Losey’s honor in 1987, with the following inscription: "In memory of Captain Robert Losey, USAAC killed in action at Dombås 21th [sic] April. The first american serviceman to give his life for his country in World War II."
In 1940 the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics established the Robert M. Losey Award in his memory. That honor, known since 1975 as the Losey Atmospheric Sciences Award, is presented in recognition of outstanding contributions to the atmospheric sciences as applied to the advancement of aeronautics and astronautics.
In 1941 the Army Air Corps established Losey Army Airfield east of Ponce, Puerto Rico, near the island's southern coast. Losey Field became known as Camp Losey when it was turned over to the Army's ground forces in 1944, and Fort Allen when it was turned over to the Army's Caribbean Signal Agency in 1959.
Losey Street on Scott AFB Illinois was named for Capt. Losey. The headquarters of USAF's Air Weather Service was once located on this street.
- Cleverley, J. Michael (December 2003). "'The First American Official Killed in This War'" (PDF). Foreign Service Journal: 66–68. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "U.S. Attache Killed by Bomb in Norway," New York Times, 1940-04-23 at 3.
- "Nazi Bomb Kills U.S. Official," Iowa City Press-Citizen, 1940-04-22, at 1.
- "Iowa Man Killed in Norway," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1940-04-22, at 1.
- Jon Blackwell, "1940: You're in the Army Now," The Trentonian, date of original publication unknown.
- "Army Air School Gives Wings to 85," New York Times, 1930-10-12.
- Thienemann Genealogy Pages - Kathryn Leona Gault "Kay" Banta (1909-1980), accessed 2008-07-23.
- "First American Officer Killed in War, Iowan," Oelwein Daily Register, 1940-04-22, at 1.
- "Goes to Finland to Watch War," Olean Times-Herald, 1940-01-19, at 1.
- Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, "Mission to the North," 204-07 (George Harrap & Co. Ltd - London 1941).
- Årflot, Odd (1985). Soldat, april 1940 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Samlaget. p. 76. ISBN 8252126472.
- "Nazis Regret Losey's Death," Oakland Tribune, 1940-04-26, at D3.
- Find a Grave: Robert Moffat Losey, accessed 2011-05-01.
- http://digitaltmuseum.no/things/minneparken-i-dombs/FMU-KM/FMU.301737 accessed November 1, 2012.
- "Memorial Day and Captain Losey," WRAL WeatherCenter Blog, May 29, 2006, accessed 2008-01-01.
- Paul Freeman,  "Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields: Losey Army Airfield."