Robert Macfarlane (writer)
|Education||Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Magdalen College, Oxford.|
|Known for||Nature writing|
|Mountains of the Mind; The Wild Places; The Old Ways; Landmarks; The Lost Words; Underland|
Robert Macfarlane (born 15 August 1976) is a British writer and Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
He is best known for his books on landscape, nature, place, people and language, which include The Old Ways (2012), Landmarks (2015), The Lost Words (2017) and Underland (2019). In 2017 he received The E. M. Forster Award for Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He is married to professor of modern Chinese history and literature Julia Lovell.
Early life and education
Macfarlane was born in Halam in Nottinghamshire and attended Nottingham High School. He was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Magdalen College, Oxford. He began a PhD at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 2000, and in 2001 was elected a Fellow of the College. His father Dr John Macfarlane is a renowned respiratory physician who published the CURB-65 score of pneumonia in 2003. His brother Dr James Macfarlane is also a consultant physician in respiratory medicine.
He is married to Julia Lovell, and has three children.
Macfarlane's first book, Mountains of the Mind, was published in 2003 and won the Guardian First Book Award, the Somerset Maugham Award, and the Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award. It was shortlisted for the Boardman Tasker Prize for Mountain Literature and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize. It is an account of the development of Western attitudes to mountains and precipitous landscapes, and takes its title from a line by the poet Gerard Manley Hopkins. The book asks why people, including Macfarlane, are drawn to mountains despite their obvious dangers, and examines the powerful and sometimes fatal hold that mountains can come to have over the imagination. The Irish Times described the book as "a new kind of exploration writing, perhaps even the birth of a new genre, which demands a new category of its own."
The Wild Places was published in September 2007, and describes a series of journeys made in search of the wildness that remains in Britain and Ireland. The book won the Boardman Tasker Prize for Mountain Literature, the Scottish Arts Council Non-Fiction Book of the Year Award, and the Grand Prize at the Banff Mountain Festival, North America's equivalent of the Boardman Tasker Prize.
It became a best-seller in Britain and The Netherlands, and was shortlisted for six further prizes, including the Dolman Best Travel Book Award, the Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award, the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, and North America's Orion Book Award, a prize founded "to recognize books that deepen our connection to the natural world, present new ideas about our relationship with nature, and achieve excellence in writing." The Wild Places was adapted for television by the BBC as an episode of the BBC Two Natural World series broadcast in February 2010; the film later won a Wildscreen Award.
The Old Ways: A Journey On Foot, the third in the "loose trilogy of books about landscape and the human heart" begun by Mountains of the Mind and The Wild Places, was published in June 2012. It was acclaimed as a "tour de force" by William Dalrymple in The Observer. The book describes the years Macfarlane spent following "old ways" (pilgrimage paths, sea-roads, prehistoric trackways, ancient rights of way) in south-east England, north-west Scotland, Spain, Sichuan and Palestine. Its guiding spirit is the early-twentieth-century writer and poet, Edward Thomas, and its chief subject is the reciprocal shaping of people and place. The Old Ways was in the bestseller lists for six months.
It was chosen as Book of the Year by John Banville, Philip Pullman, Jan Morris, John Gray, Antony Beevor, and Dan Stevens among others. In the UK it was joint winner of the Dolman Prize for Travel Writing, was shortlisted for The Samuel Johnson Prize (the ‘non-fiction Booker’), the Jan Michalski Prize for World Literature, the Duff-Cooper Prize for Non-Fiction, the Warwick Prize for Writing, the Waterstones Book of the Year Award, and three other prizes. In the US it was shortlisted for the Orion Book Award.
Landmarks, a book that celebrates and defends the language of landscape, was published in the UK in March 2015. A version of its first chapter, published in The Guardian as The Word-Hoard, went viral, and the book became a Sunday Times number one bestseller. It was shortlisted for The Samuel Johnson Prize for non-fiction. Landmarks is described on the cover as "a field guide to the literature of nature, and a vast glossary collecting thousands of the remarkable terms used in dozens of the languages and dialects of Britain and Ireland to describe and denote aspects of terrain, weather, and nature". Each of the book's chapters explores the landscapes and style of a writer or writers, as Macfarlane travels to meet farmers, sailors, walkers, glossarians, artists, poets and others who have developed intense and committing relationships with their chosen places. The chapter of the book concerning Nan Shepherd and the Cairngorm mountains was adapted for television by BBC4 and BBC Scotland. Macfarlane's detailed writing style, and his frequent references to dialect vocabulary, were satirised in a February 2016 edition of Private Eye by Craig Brown in the magazine's regular "Diary" feature. Landmarks was published in the US in August 2016. It was described by Tom Shippey in The Wall Street Journal as a book that "teaches us to love our world, even the parts of it that we have neglected. Mr Macfarlane is the great nature writer, and nature poet, of this generation."
In May 2016 Macfarlane published The Gifts of Reading, a short book about gifts, stories and the unexpected consequences of generosity. All work for the book was given for free, and all moneys raised were donated to MOAS, the Migrant Offshore Aid Station, to save refugee lives.
With the artist Jackie Morris, Macfarlane published The Lost Words: A Spell Book in October 2017. The book became what the Guardian called 'a cultural phenomenon', winning Children's Book of the Year at the British Book Awards jointly with The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas. The "lost" words of the book's title are twenty of the names for everyday nature—from "Acorn" through to "Wren" by way of "Bluebell", "Kingfisher", "Lark" and "Otter"—that were controversially dropped from inclusion in the Oxford Junior Dictionary due to under-use by children. Grassroots campaigns sprang up to raise money to place copies of the book in every primary and special school in all of Scotland, half of England and a quarter of Wales.
Funds were also raised to place a copy in every hospice in Britain. The book is used by charities and carers working with dementia sufferers, refugees, survivors of domestic abuse, childhood cancer patients, and people in terminal care. It has been adapted for dance, outdoor theatre, choral music and classical music. In 2018 the new Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital at Stanmore opened its new building with four levels decorated with art and poems from The Lost Words. It was the inspiration for Spell Songs, a folk music concert and album by musicians including Karine Polwart, Julie Fowlis and Kris Drever.
Underland: A Deep Time Journey was published in May 2019. It is a book about the deep-time pasts and futures of the Earth, as revealed by mythical underworlds and real subterranean journeys. The book was serialized on BBC Radio 4 as the Book of the Week for 29 April - 3 May 2019.
In collaboration with the director Jen Peedom, the cinematographer Renan Ozturk and the composer Richard Tognetti, Macfarlane worked on the film Mountain, which premiered with a live performance from the Australian Chamber Orchestra at the Sydney Opera House in June 2017. Macfarlane's script was voiced by Willem Dafoe. Mountain became the highest-grossing Australian documentary of all time, and won three Australian Academy Awards.
Macfarlane's 2012 book Holloway was adapted into a short film shot on Super-8 by the film-maker Adam Scovell.
Macfarlane is seen[by whom?] as the influential inheritor of a tradition of writing about landscape, place, travel and nature which includes John Muir, Richard Jefferies and Edward Thomas, as well as contemporary figures such as John McPhee, Rebecca Solnit, Annie Dillard, Barry Lopez and his friend Roger Deakin. He is associated with other walker-writers including Patrick Leigh Fermor, Nan Shepherd and Laurie Lee, and seen as one of a number of recent British writers who have provoked a new critical and popular interest in writing about landscape. His interests in topography, ecology and the environment have been explored in his books but also through essays, notably his Common Ground series which was published in The Guardian in 2005.
He has also published many reportage and travel essays in magazines, especially Granta and Archipelago, as well as numerous introductory essays to reissues of lost and neglected classics of landscape and nature writing from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, notably J. A. Baker ("The Peregrine") and Nan Shepherd ("The Living Mountain" and "In The Cairngorms").
In 2018 Macfarlane co-edited, with Chris Packham and Patrick Barkham, A People's Manifesto For Wildlife, arguing for urgent and large-scale change in Britain's relationship with nature. 10,000 people marched on Whitehall to deliver The Manifesto to DEFRA. He has been involved with the Sheffield tree-protectors campaign, fighting the unnecessary felling of thousands of street trees in the city. Macfarlane wrote 'Heartwood', a poem for the protestors, which was set to music, flyposted and subvertised across Sheffield, and hung as a 'charm' around endangered trees.
He is a patron of the Outdoor Swimming Society, the Outlandia Project, ONCA (One Network for Conservation and the Arts), and Gateway To Nature, a Lottery-funded mental-health initiative designed to improve access to nature for vulnerable groups and individuals. He is a founding Trustee of the charity Action For Conservation, which works to inspire a lifelong engagement with conservation in 12–17 year olds, working especially with schools with high pupil premium levels.
Most of Macfarlane's books have been jacketed with original work by the artist Stanley Donwood, known for his close association with the band Radiohead, exceptions include his book The Lost Words, for example, which was illustrated by Jackie Morris. Macfarlane also collaborated with Donwood and writer Dan Richards on Holloway, published in an edition of 277 by Quive-Smith Press in 2012, and a trade edition by Faber & Faber in May 2013, which became a Sunday Times best-seller.
In June 2012, Macfarlane wrote the libretto to a "jazz opera" called Untrue Island, composed by the double-bassist Arnie Somogyi, and performed in a former nuclear weapons storage site on Orford Ness in Suffolk.
Awards and honours
- 2003 Guardian First Book Award, winner, Mountains of the Mind
- 2003 Somerset Maugham Award, winner, Mountains of the Mind
- 2003 Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award, winner, Mountains of the Mind
- 2007 Boardman-Tasker Prize For Mountain Literature, winner, The Wild Places
- 2008 Scottish Non-Fiction Book of the Year Award, winner, The Wild Places
- 2008 Grand Prize Banff Mountain Festival, winner, The Wild Places
- 2008 Grand Prize Banff Mountain Festival, winner, The Wild Places
- 2011 Philip Leverhulme Prize in Modern European Languages and Literature
- 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize, shortlist, The Old Ways
- 2013 Jan Michalski Prize for Literature, finalist, The Old Ways
- 2013 Warwick Prize for Writing, shortlist, The Old Ways
- 2013 Dolman Best Travel Book Award, winner, The Old Ways
- 2015 Hay Festival Medal for Prose, Landmarks
- 2015 Samuel Johnson Prize, shortlist, Landmarks
- 2017 Children's Book of the Year, British Book Awards, The Lost Words
- 2017 EM Forster Award for Literature, American Academy of Arts and Letters
- 2019 Wainwright Prize, Underland
- 2019 NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis, Underland
- Mountains of the Mind: A History of a Fascination. London and New York: Granta Books and Pantheon Books. 2003. ISBN 0375421807.
- The Wild Places. London and New York: Granta Books and Penguin Books. 2007. ISBN 9780143113935.
- Original Copy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2007. ISBN 9780199296507.
- The Old Ways: A Journey on Foot. London and New York: Penguin Hamish Hamilton and Viking. 2012. ISBN 9780670025114.
- Holloway. London: Faber & Faber. 2013.
- Landmarks. London and New York: Penguin Hamish Hamilton and Viking. 2015.
- The Gifts of Reading. London: Penguin UK. 2016.
- The Lost Words. Hamish Hamilton. 2017.
- Underland: A Deep Time Journey. Hamish Hamilton. 2 May 2019. ISBN 9780241143803.
- Ness. London: Penguin UK. 11 July 2019. ISBN 9780241396568.
- The Lost Spells 2020
|Year||Review article||Work(s) reviewed|
|2008||"Diving into darkness". The Spectator. 308 (9397): 36–37. 4 October 2008.||Robinson, Tim (2008). Connemara : the last pool of darkness. Penguin.|
- "Robert Macfarlane wins book award". BBC. December 2003. Retrieved 31 December 2008.
- "Peak season". The Irish Times. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Macfarlane, Robert (2007). The Wild Places. Granta Books. p. 340. ISBN 978-1862079410.
- "2008 Book Awards". The Banff Centre. Retrieved 31 December 2008.
- http://www.orionmagazine.org/index.php/mag/3003/ orionmagazine.org
- Natural World Retrieved 14 February 2010
- Dalrymple, William (10 June 2012). "The Old Ways: A Journey on Foot by Robert Macfarlane – review". The Guardian. London.
- "Books of the year 2012". The Guardian. London. 25 November 2012.
- Blackwell's Books of the Year: Guest Choices - Philip Pullman (1 of 2). YouTube. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Shortlist for 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize announced - Samuel Johnson Prize". thesamueljohnsonprize.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Waterstones Book of the Year shortlist announced..." waterstones.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012.
- "The word-hoard: Robert Macfarlane on rewilding our language of landscape". The Guardian. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Shippey, Tom (5 August 2016). "Why You Can't Say Where You Are - WSJ". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "The Lost Words campaign delivers nature 'spellbook' to Scottish schools". The Guardian. 10 February 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "2018 Awards | The Bookseller". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Campaign raises £25k to give The Lost Words to Scottish primary schools". The Bookseller. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Morris, Jackie. "How a book became a building".
- "Underland". Penguin.
- Dalrymple, William (8 May 2019). "Underland by Robert Macfarlane review – a dazzling journey into deep time". The Guardian.
- "Book of the Week: Underland". BBC.
- Mountain The Guardian
- "Winners & Nominees | AACTA". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Boyd Tonkin (18 July 2008). "Call of the wild: Britain's nature writers". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 29 July 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2008.
- "Common ground". The Guardian. London. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "'People's manifesto' to save British wildlife from 'mass extinction in our own backyard' launched by Chris Packham". Independent. 19 September 2018.
- "Robert Macfarlane on Twitter". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- MacFarlane, Robert (8 July 2012). "Robert Macfarlane's Untrue Island: the voices of Orford Ness". The Guardian. London.
- "Interview: Johnny Flynn on the lure of the great outdoors". THE GIRL OUTDOORS. 17 October 2013.
- John Ezard (5 December 2003). "Mountain man wins Guardian book prize". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Alison Flood (5 October 2012). "Six books to 'change our view of the world' on shortlist for non-fiction prize". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Edition 2013". Jan Michalski Foundation. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "2013 winner". authorsclub.co.uk. Archived from the original on 25 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Medals – Hay Festival".
- "The 2015 Shortlist". The Samuel Johnson Prize. 11 October 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "2019 Winner | The Wainwright Prize Golden Beer Prize". Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- "Robert Macfarlane erhält Sachbuchpreis von NDR Kultur". Focus. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.