Robert Mannyng (or Robert de Brunne; c. 1275 – c. 1338) was an English chronicler and Gilbertine monk. Mannyng provides a surprising amount of information about himself in his two known works, Handlyng Synne and Mannyng's Chronicle. In these two works, Mannyng tells of his residencies at the Gilbertine houses of Sempringham (near Bourne) and Sixhills, and also at the Gilbertine priory at Cambridge, St Edmund’s.
His name, Robert de Brunne, indicates that he came from the place then known as Brunne (Bourne, Lincolnshire), thirteen kilometres south of Sempringham Priory, the mother house of the Gilbertine Order. Both places lie on the western edge of the Lincolnshire fens. He entered the house in 1288, was trained there and moved to Cambridge, probably as part of his training. He was moved on to Sixhills1 priory at (TF1787) in the Lincolnshire Wolds near Market Rasen. He will have spent most of his life at Sempringham, despite the frequent modern assertion that he was a monk of Bourne Abbey. The latter was an Arrouasian house, later regarded as Augustinian.
This interpretation is supported by Mannyng's introduction to Handlyng Synne, in which he says that he had been at the abbey fifteen years: ten in the time of John Camelton (Hamilton) (the prior at Sempringham from c1298 to 1312), and five winters with Hamilton's successor, John Clyntone. However, he clearly retained an interest in the people of Bourne, as he addressed Handlyng Synne "to all Christian men under the sun and to good men of Bourne and specially ... the fellowship of Sempringham".
Handlyng Synne (1303) is a twelve thousand line devotional or penitential piece, written in Middle English rhymed couplets, deriving many of its exempla from the Anglo-Norman Manuel des Peches of William of Waddington.
Mannyng's Chronicle, supposedly completed in 1338, translates Wace's Roman de Brut for British history from the Anglo-Norman, before translating Piers Langtoft's (Peter of Langtoft) Chronicle for English and post-Conquest history.2
Mannyng was primarily a historiographer, and his significance lies in his participation in the tri-lingual tradition of writing history. His work in Middle English is part of a larger movement at the beginning of the fourteenth century towards the replacement of Latin and Anglo-Norman by written works in Middle English, but is not groundbreaking. It is as a history writer, in particular, through his indebtedness to the great twelfth century histories of Henry of Huntingdon, William of Malmesbury, and Geoffrey of Monmouth, that Mannyng stands out. His verse is often seen as rather pedestrian; however, in the exempla in Handling Synne, in particular, there is a life and a colour which give vibrancy to the tales and which make the work very entertaining to read—unlike several other contemporary penitential works.
- Note 1: Not to be confused with Six Hills, in the neighbouring county of Leicestershire.
- Note 2: There are in England, two places called Langtoft, one is in the Yorkshire Wolds (TA0166). The other is nine kilometres south of Bourne (TF1212). Peter seems to have come from the former.
- Platts, G. Robert Mannyng of Bourne's 'Handlyng Synne' and South Lincolnshire Society in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology Vol. 14, (1979)
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Robert Mannyng of Brunne". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge (1893). "Mannyng, Robert". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Mason, O. Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1977) ISBN 0-85152-771-X
- Thorne, J.O. ed. Chambers Biographical Dictionary (1969) SBN 550-16001-9
- Ordnance Survey maps
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- Index to Robert Mannyng's Chronicle compiled at the English Department of the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands.
- Robert Mannyng of Brunne’s Handlyng Synne from The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, Volume I, 1907–21.
- Works by or about Robert Mannyng at Internet Archive
- Works by Robert Mannyng at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)