Robert Mertens (1 December 1894 – 23 August 1975) was a German herpetologist. The Robert Mertens' day gecko is a species named after him, as is the Mertens' water monitor, and he also postulated Mertensian mimicry.
After working at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt for several years, he became a lecturer at the University of Frankfurt in 1932. In his capacity as museum curator, and also in the various posts he held at the University, he was able to travel extensively and study lizards (particularly varanids, lacertids, and geckos) in many different locations, including Indonesia, Namibia and El Salvador.
He authored several books on zoology, including La Vie des Amphibiens et Reptiles in 1959. An English translation, The World of Amphibians and Reptiles, was published in 1960. Mertens described at least 59 reptile species and numerous amphibians. In addition, at least 8 reptile species have been named after Mertens, e.g. Varanus mertensi, a monitor.
He died after being bitten while feeding his pet savanna twigsnake, Thelotornis capensis.
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