Robert Michael Pyle

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Robert Michael Pyle (born July 19, 1947, in Denver, Colorado) is a biologist, writer, and teacher who has published eighteen books and hundreds of papers, essays, stories, and poems. He has a Ph.D. in ecology and environmental studies from the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies; his dissertation focused on butterfly eco-geography. He worked as ranger-naturalist in Sequoia National Park, butterfly conservation consultant for the government of Papua New Guinea, Northwest Land Steward for The Nature Conservancy, and co-manager of the Species Conservation Monitoring Center in Cambridge, U.K. In 1971 he founded the international Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation while studying butterfly conservation as a Fulbright Scholar in England. Since 1980 he has dwelled beside, observed, and written about Gray's River, a tributary of the Lower Columbia River, in the Willapa Hills of southwest Washington.

Pyle's 1987 book Wintergreen describes the devastation caused by unrestrained logging as well as the remaining beauties of his adopted home. His 1995 book Where Bigfoot Walks: Crossing the Dark Divide grew out of a Guggenheim Fellowship. The Thunder Tree: Lessons from An Urban Wildland (1998) chronicles the intersection of his Aurora, Colorado, boyhood nature explorations and Colorado's long tradition of water rights battles. Both Wintergreen and The Thunder Tree exemplify Pyle's love of damaged lands.

His travel narrative Chasing Monarchs: Migrating with the Butterflies of Passage (1999) traces his discovery of previously unnoticed monarch migration patterns. Pyle co-edited and annotated Nabokov’s Butterflies (2000, with Brian Boyd and Dmitri Nabokov), which collects the novelist’s butterfly writings from throughout his literary and scientific opus. Walking the High Ridge: Life as Field Trip (2000) reflects on Pyle’s development as a writer and on his sources, influences, and beliefs. Sky Time in Gray's River (2007) follows the lives of the creatures populating his adopted village month by month through the seasons. Mariposa Road: The First Butterfly Big Year (2010) chronicles Pyle's coast-to-coast adventures and misadventures in 2008 while documenting as many butterflies as possible (similar to a birder's big year). A chapbook of poems and stories, Letting the Flies Out (2011), preceded Pyle’s first full-length book of poems, Evolution of the Genus Iris (2014). Other books include The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies, The Butterfly Watcher's Handbook, and The Butterflies of Cascadia.

Pyle's essays from fifty-two consecutive issues of Orion and Orion Afield magazines are published in The Tangled Bank (2012). A novel, collections of stories and essays, and peer-reviewed scientific papers on butterflies are forthcoming. He is currently collaborating with Nirvana bassist Krist Novoselic on a body of poetry and acoustic guitar songs.

Pyle has taught writing and natural history seminars for many colleges and institutes around the world, and presented hundreds of invited lectures and keynote addresses. He has served as Visiting Professor of Environmental Writing at Utah State University; as Kittredge Distinguished Visiting Writer at the University of Montana; and as place-based writing instructor for the Aga Khan Humanities Project in Tajikistan and the Writers' Centre of Tasmania. On twenty-five occasions from 1976 to 2013, he was a presenter and field trip leader at the annual week-long National Wildlife Federation Conservation Summits. He has also led natural history seminars for Cloud Ridge Naturalists and at the North Cascades, Olympic Park, and Glacier Park Institutes. He has served on the faculty of the Sitka Institute, Fishtrap, Haystack, Art of the Wild, and many other writers' events and has led natural history tours for the National Audubon Society, the Smithsonian Institution, the Wilderness Society, the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum, and The Nature Conservancy, among others.

Awards and honors[edit]

  • 2014: Life appointment as honorary fellow, Royal Entomological Society
  • 2011: Washington State Book Award in the biography/memoir category, The Mariposa Road: The First Butterfly Big Year
  • 2008: Washington State Book Award for general nonfiction, Sky Time in Grays River: Living for Keeps in a Forgotten Place
  • 2008: National Outdoor Book Award in the natural history literature category, Sky Time in Gray's River: Living for Keeps in a Forgotten Place
  • 1997: Society for Conservation Biology Distinguished Service Award
  • 1989: Guggenheim Fellowship, Where Bigfoot Walks: Crossing the Dark Divide
  • 1987: Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Award, Wintergreen
  • 1987: John BurroughsMedal for Distinguished Nature Writing, Wintergreen
  • 1971: Fulbright Scholarship


  • Kuhlken, Robert. 2002. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 275, Twentieth-Century American Nature Writers: Prose, pp. 261–270. Detroit: Gale.
  • Pearson, Michael. 1996. American Nature Writers, Volume 2, pp. 733–739. Scribner's.


  • Evolution of the Genus Iris: Poems. 2014. Lost Horse Press.
  • The Tangled Bank: Writings from Orion. 2012. Oregon State University Press.
  • Letting the Flies Out (chapbook). 2011. Fishtrap.
  • Mariposa Road: The First Butterfly Big Year. 2010. Houghton Mifflin.
  • Sky Time in Gray's River: Living for Keeps in a Forgotten Place. 2007. Houghton Mifflin.
  • The Butterflies of Cascadia: A Field Guide to All the Species of Washington, Oregon, and Surrounding Territories. 2002. Seattle Audubon Society.
  • Nabokov's Butterflies. Edited and annotated by R. M. Pyle and Brian Boyd, with new translations from the Russian by Dmitri Nabokov. 2000. Beacon Press.
  • Walking the High Ridge: Life as Field Trip. 2000. Milkweed Editions.
  • Chasing Monarchs: Migrating with the Butterflies of Passage. 1999. Houghton Mifflin.
  • The Thunder Tree: Lessons from An Urban Wildland. 1998. Lyons Press.
  • Where Bigfoot Walks: Crossing the Dark Divide. 1995. Houghton Mifflin.
  • Insects: A Peterson Field Guide Coloring Book. 1993. Houghton Mifflin.
  • Handbook for Butterfly Watchers. 1992. Houghton Mifflin.
  • Wintergreen: Listening to the Land's Heart. 1986. Scribner. Reprint edition, Wintergreen: Rambles in a Ravaged Land. 2015. Pharos Editions.
  • Butterflies: A Peterson Field Guide Coloring Book (with Sarah Anne Hughes and Roger Tory Peterson). 1983. Houghton Mifflin.
  • The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. 1981. Knopf.

Other contributions[edit]

  • Earth & Eros (foreword "The Earth Whispers and Croons"). 2015. White Cloud Press.
  • Moral Ground: Ethical Action for a Planet in Peril (essay "Evening Falls on the Maladaptive Ape"). 2010. Trinity University Press.
  • Home Ground: Language for an American Landscape (several entries). 2006. Trinity University Press.
  • The Way of Natural History (essay "A Natural Histerrical Feller in an Unwondering Age"). 2010. Trinity University Press.
  • Wild in the City (introduction "No vacancy" and chapter "Bright Butterflies, Big City."). 2011. Oregon State University Press.
  • Nature's Fading Chorus: Classic and Contemporary Writings on Amphibians (prologue "Reflections in a Golden Eye," and chapter "Waterproof Wildlife.") 2000. Island Press.
  • Facing the Lion: Writers on Life and Craft (essay "Secrets of the Talking Leaf"). 1996. Beacon Press.
  • Words From the Land, Volume II (essay "A Grand Surprise"). 1995. University of Nevada Press.
  • The Norton Book of Nature Writing (essay "And the Coyotes Will Lift A Leg"). 1990. Norton.
  • Butterfly Gardening: Creating Summer Magic in Your Garden (afterword and chapter "Butterfly Watching Tips"). 1990; new edition, 1998. Xerces Society/Sierra Club Books.
  • The Art of the Butterfly (afterword). 1990. Chronicle/Marquand.