Robert Montgomery (colonial administrator)
Montgomery was born at the family seat at New Park in Moville, a small town in Inishowen in the north of County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland. He was educated at Foyle College, Derry; Wraxall Hall School, Wiltshire; and, from 1823 to 1825, at Addiscombe Military Seminary, Croydon, Surrey. In 1827 he was appointed to the Indian Civil Service.
He married in India and brought up a family. His second son was Henry Hutchinson Montgomery, father of Field Marshal The 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein. Henry inherited the family estate in Ireland after his father's death.
His first notable position was as a commissioner in Cawnpore. In May 1857, at the start of the Indian Mutiny, he was in Lahore in the Punjab, where he was Judicial Commissioner (and in-charge of Chief Commissioner at Lahore) of the province. He immediately had the native garrison disarmed, which prevented them from taking any action in the rebellion. He was awarded with a knighthood for this action. During the period of 3 April 1858 to 15 February 1859, he was Chief Commissioner of Oudh. He was then the second Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab from 1859 to 1865, preceded by Sir John Lawrence and succeeded by Sir Donald McLeod. He served as Lieutenant-Governor up to an advanced age.
- The city of Sahiwal, Pakistan, founded in 1865, was formerly named "Montgomery", after Sir Robert Montgomery.
- The district of Montgomery in Punjab.
- Vibart 1894, pp. 403–405.
- Moorehead, Alan (1958). Montgomery. London: Four Square. p. 13.
- "Provinces of British India: Punjab". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 20 (new ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908. p. 331.
- Hamilton and Penner 2004.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Hamilton, John Andrew (1894). "Montgomery, Robert (1809-1887)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Hamilton, J. A.; Penner, Peter (rev.) (2004). "Montgomery, Sir Robert (1809–1887)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19075. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Montgomery, Brian (1984). Monty's Grandfather: Sir Robert Montgomery, GCSI, KCB, LLD 1809-1887: a life's service for the Raj. Poole: Blandford Press. ISBN 0713714018.
- Vibart, H. M. (1894). Addiscombe: its heroes and men of note. Westminster: Archibald Constable. pp. 403–405.