Robert Montgomery (artist)
A Robert Montgomery Fire Poem
Chapelhall, North Lanarkshire, Scotland
|Education||Edinburgh College of Art|
Robert Montgomery is a Scottish-born, London-based poet, artist and sculptor known for his site-specific installations created from light and text, as well as his 'fire poems'. Montgomery works in a "melancholic post-Situationist" tradition, primarily in public spaces. He is regarded as a leading figure in the conceptual art world.
Some of his most famous public forms of poetry have been his white text on a black background pasted onto billboards around London as part of his belief that art and poetry should be taken out of the gallery and into the wider, everyday world be it on a billboard or a bus shelter. When asked by Dr James Fox in BBC Four's Who's Afraid of Conceptual Art? about what it was about the medium of words, rather than pictures that appealed to him, Montgomery replied "I think there's a certain slowness to words. I think we probably live in an age of accelerated image and we're bombarded with hundreds of images a day and in that context words can be a moment of quiet or pause."
He said, "The point of art, is to touch the hearts of strangers, without the trouble of ever having to meet them. But, if you can touch their hearts from a distance and help a little bit from your quiet studio then it's very nice."
Early career and education
Robert Montgomery was born in 1972 in the village of Chapelhall, Scotland, to David and Janette Montgomery.
Alongside his parents, Montgomery credits his high-school art teacher John McKerrell, who taught him art and art history. In an interview he said that "John McKerrell was a proper Dead Poets Society inspiring, amazing teacher who is kind of a genius...he taught me about art from top to bottom. He comes to my parents' house for Christmas dinner. He's still my best mate in Prestwick."
Another inspirational teacher was Mr Enoch Currie, who introduced him to celebrated poets such as Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes. Montgomery recalls reading Philip Larkin's High Windows "when I was in third year and I still think a lot about the way Larkin writes when I write my billboards and text pieces."
Aged 16, Montgomery was accepted to study fine art at the Edinburgh College of Art. McKerrell later helped him to get through his first year exams at Edinburgh.
Montgomery left with a first undergraduate degree in painting and later obtained a Master of Fine Arts. While still a student he and John Ayscough applied for a grant from the Scottish Arts Council for their project, Aerial '94. They were awarded £40,000, but the grant was not intended for students, and was nearly withdrawn. Andrew Nairne (then Visual Director at the Scottish Arts Council) supported the aspiring artists, as a result the project went forward with the help of the grant.
In his early career, Montgomery experimented with creating minimalist sculptures with elaborate poetic titles. Eventually, Montgomery dropped the sculptures all together and began to focus on the combination of verbal and visual presentation. In his initial works, Montgomery wrote poems on the sides of buses and on walls with spray paint, wanting to follow closely in the footsteps of graffiti artists who made the city a "free space of diverse voices."
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Often installed unauthorised amid industrial and urban sites, Montgomery's installations address universal themes such as power, love, and human kindness with sparse language and dramatic visuals. These text-based conceptual pieces categorised as recycled sunlight pieces, billboard pieces, fire poems, woodcut panels, and watercolors. Montgomery's cryptic and emotionally resonant poetry comments on contemporary life and affirms his personal and philosophical beliefs, which he describes as "melancholic post-Situationist", a 20th-century antiauthoritarian Marxist movement.
Montgomery's famous black and white poems pasted on London billboards has, occasionally, provoked run-ins with the police. He was once put into the back of a police van after he pasted his poem for William Blake on a billboard in Bethnal Green. Montgomery recalled; "But I got into a conversation about literature and one of the police officers really engaged with it. I guess it was a lucky experience. I think most people wouldn't be averse to having a poem at the end of street instead of another Diet Coke ad."
One of his most famous and personal light pieces, People You Love, was written as a result of the sudden death of a close friend from art school called Sean Watson who died as a result of being hit by a car on the Edgware Road in 2004. This was the first real experience of grief Montgomery had felt in his adult life, hitting him badly. One night he had a dream that Watson was there and alive, when he woke up the following morning he says that he woke up happier than he'd gone to bed, which led him to thinking that "maybe this is what ghosts are, maybe ghosts are a positive thing."
|“||THE PEOPLE YOU LOVE BECOME GHOSTS INSIDE OF YOU AND LIKE THIS YOU KEEP THEM ALIVE||”|
Montgomery showed at the 2011 Venice Biennale and was selected to represent the UK at the first biennale in India - The Kochi-Muziris Biennale – in December 2012. He has also had solo exhibitions at venues in Europe and in Asia, including major outdoor light installations on the site of the old US Air Force base at Tempelhof. The first monograph of his work was published by Distanz, Berlin in 2015.
Process and inspiration
Montgomery was initially inspired by the graffiti artists of East London, the poetry of Philip Larkin, the philosophy of Guy Debord, and the French student protesters of May 1968. Montgomery became interested in the Situationist tradition while following the writing of Roland Barthes and Jean Baudrillard during his time at Edinburgh College of Art. Montgomery also cites lyricists as important influencers, as his poems often mirror the tone and structure commonly used by song writers. He often writes with a certain melancholy, stating that he is fascinated by the sentiment as the creation of beauty from sadness. Montgomery describes his process as being random and unpredictable: "You quite often get stuff at like 2 o'clock in the morning and kind of see what you've got. I quite like that process". In selecting a platform for his art, Montgomery was inspired by Jenny Holzer and Felix Gonzalez-Torres' use of billboard space.
In early 2016, Montgomery became a supporter for Julius Meinl with their 'Pay with a Poem' concept for World Poetry Day, whereby customers could, for one day only, have coffee at one of their branches and instead of money could pay for it by writing a poem; encouraging them to think about poetry as a form of self expression.
Robert Montgomery's Echos of Voices in the High Towers was published by Mono Kultur in 2012. The Book is A2 in size, folding out to A1 in size, divided into three parts, and serves as a complete publication of Montgomery's work.
On first arriving in London, Montgomery became involved in the monthly style magazine Dazed & Confused, a magazine where he is still an associate publisher.
in 2016, Montgomery and his partner, Greta Bellamacina, launched their own publishing company called New River Press, dedicated to pushing the boundaries of what poetry means today particularly for a younger audience "we want to launch a place for poetry that doesn't exist yet."
Montgomery's work has been featured in a variety of galleries, publications, and public locations. His work is in the permanent collection at the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston Texas and the Anna Jill Lupertz Gallery in Berlin.
|2014||Robert Montgomery, Anna Jill Lupertz Gallery, Berlin, Germany|
|The Office gallery, Nicosia, Cyrpus|
|Piles of Dirt and Glass You Walk Upon, Galerie Colette, Paris, France|
|2013||Robert Montgomery, C24 Gallery, New York, NY, USA|
|City is Wilder, Installation at Kater Holzig, Anna Jil Lüpertz Gallery, Berlin, Germany|
|Echoes of Voices in the High Towers, Galerie Nuke, Paris, France|
|2012||Robert Montgomery: Echoes of Voices in the High Towers Part 2, Neue Berliner Räume, Stattbad Wedding, and billboard sites, Berlin Germany|
|Robert Montgomery: Echoes of Voices in the High Towers Part 2, Neue Berliner Räume, site of old Tempelhof Airport and billboard sites, Berlin, Germany|
|Whenever An Angel, Galerie Analix-Forever, Geneva, Switzerland|
|It Turned Out This Way Cos You Dreamed It This Way, KK Outlet and billboard sites London, United Kingdom|
|2011||Fire of Each Other, Galerie Nuke, Paris, France|
|2009||Emotional Emergency, Analix Forever Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland|
|2008||Derniers Jours: May 68/May 8, Galerie Nuke, Paris, France|
Montgomery lives in London. He works from his studio located in the Tannery Arts Centre, South London. He prefers to spend his time in cities, transferring between London, Paris, New York, and Berlin.
After being in a long-term relationship with frequent collaborator and fellow poet Greta Bellamacina, the two married in July 2017. To celebrate Montgomery created a wedding fire poem which read, "SALVAGE PARADISE. LOVE IS THE WEATHER. DAYDREAMS FOREVER" before being set alight. Likewise, Bellamacina wrote him a fire poem reading "ETERNAL WINDOW HYMNS". The two met when Bellamacina was editing a book of love poetry and put one of Montgomery's poems in the book. She later said that "it was refreshing to meet someone through their words, you can find out a lot about the person." In 2015, Bellamacina gave birth to their first child, a son, Lorca.
- Fox, Dr James (host) (19 September 2016). "Episode 1". Who's Afraid of Conceptual Art. Season 1. Episode 1. BBC Four.
- "Robert Montgomery | London Craft Week". www.londoncraftweek.com. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- Gillan, Audrey (23 June 2012). "An afternoon with Robert Montgomery – artist, poet, Scot". The Scotsman Magazine. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "Core Program Archive". The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "Robert Montgomery - 44 Artworks, Bio & Shows on Artsy". artsy.net. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Word on the Street: Robert Montgomery". Interview. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Robert Montgomery | Artspace". Artspace. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Robert Montgomery Works in a Poetic And Melancholic Post-Situationist Tradition". robertmontgomery.org. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- Bausells, Marta (20 March 2016). "The medium is the message – the power of public poetry". Retrieved 30 October 2017 – via The Guardian.
- "Robert Montgomery | The Talks". the-talks.com. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Robert Montgomery - C24 Gallery". c24gallery.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "The Melancholic Lyricism of Robert Montgomery". Ignant.com. Retrieved 30 October 2017.