Robert Mueller Municipal Airport

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Robert Mueller Municipal Airport
Robert mueller airport sign.jpg
Former airport entrance
Summary
Airport typePublic, Defunct
OwnerCity of Austin
ServesGreater Austin Area
LocationAustin, Texas, U.S.
OpenedOctober 14, 1930 (1930-10-14)[1]
ClosedMay 21, 1999 (1999-05-21)[2]
Elevation AMSL632 ft / 193 m
Coordinates30°18′00″N 097°42′00″W / 30.30000°N 97.70000°W / 30.30000; -97.70000Coordinates: 30°18′00″N 097°42′00″W / 30.30000°N 97.70000°W / 30.30000; -97.70000
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
AUS is located in Texas
AUS
AUS
Location within Texas
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13R/31L 7,269 2,216
17/35 5,006 1,526
13L/31R 3,171 967
Statistics (1998)
Passengers6,000,000+
Source: Passengers from The Daily Texan,[3] FAA Airport Diagram[4]

Robert Mueller Municipal Airport (/ˈmɪlər/ "Miller") was the first civilian airport built in Austin, Texas, operating from 1930 to 1999. It was replaced as Greater Austin's main airport by the Austin–Bergstrom International Airport.[2] Located a few miles northeast of downtown Austin, the airport was named after Robert Mueller, a city commissioner who had died while in office in January 1927.[5][6] Mueller was identified with the three letter "AUS" airport code and this "AUS" code was then assigned to the Austin–Bergstrom International Airport in 1999.

History[edit]

As the need for commercial air service became clear in the 1920s, Austin voters supported a bond election to build a municipal airport for the city in 1928. The airport was constructed a few miles northeast of downtown, on what was then the edge of the city. The airport began operation on 14 October 1930; airline flights began in 1936.[1]

In the 1950s developers began building housing beneath the flight paths of Mueller and airport traffic increased as the city grew. The April 1957 OAG lists 33 weekday departures on three airlines: fifteen on Braniff International Airways, ten on Trans-Texas Airways (TTa) and eight on Continental Airlines. Nonstop flights didn't reach beyond San Antonio, San Angelo, Dallas Love Field or Houston Hobby Airport. The first scheduled nonstop beyond Texas was a Braniff Boeing 727 to Washington Dulles Airport in 1968; that flight lasted until 1980. It was the only nonstop out of the state until Braniff tried a Chicago O'Hare Airport nonstop in 1978.

In 1963 Continental was flying Vickers Viscount turboprops Houston Hobby Airport – Austin – San Angelo – Midland/Odessa – El Paso – Tucson – Phoenix – Los Angeles and direct to Lubbock and Amarillo.[7] By 1964 Continental had dropped Austin but by 1970 the airline had returned.[8]

The jet age arrived in Austin in 1965 when Braniff introduced British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Elevens nonstop to Dallas Love Field and San Antonio and direct to Chicago O'Hare, Kansas City, Oklahoma City, Wichita, Amarillo, Lubbock and Corpus Christi.[9] In its September 7, 1965 timetable Braniff was flying Lockheed L-188 Electra propjets nonstop to Dallas Love Field, Fort Worth (via Greater Southwest International Airport) and San Antonio with direct Electras to Washington D.C. National Airport, Denver, Colorado Springs, Oklahoma City and Corpus Christi.

By 1968 Trans-Texas Airways was operating Douglas DC-9-10s to Mueller with nonstops to Dallas Love Field, Houston Hobby and San Antonio and direct to New Orleans, Memphis, Little Rock and Corpus Christi.[10]

In early 1976 the same three airlines were at AUS (Trans-Texas Airways had changed its name to Texas International Airlines).[11] Braniff was operating up to eight nonstops a day to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport with Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s, the nonstop 727 to Washington Dulles Airport, and a nonstop 727-200 to San Antonio. Braniff 727s flew one-stop direct to Chicago O'Hare Airport, New York JFK Airport, Kansas City, Memphis and Amarillo and direct, multi-stop to Detroit, Newark and Washington National Airport. All of the Continental service was being operated with Boeing 727-200s, nonstop three times a day to Houston Intercontinental Airport and to Midland/Odessa, and one stop to Miami and El Paso. Continental was also operating direct, multi-stop service several times a day to Los Angeles (LAX), Phoenix and Tucson, and later flew Boeing 720Bs to Mueller on the multi-stop route between IAH and LAX. Texas International was flying nonstop Douglas DC-9-10s to Dallas/Ft. Worth International Airport, Houston Intercontinental, Lubbock and San Antonio with one-stops to Albuquerque, Amarillo, Corpus Christi, Laredo and Little Rock. Texas International also flew direct, multi-stop DC-9s to Denver and Los Angeles and nonstop Convair 600 turboprops to Houston in addition to its DC-9 service on the route. By 1979, Texas International was flying McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s and DC-9-10s and all airline flights from Mueller were operated with mainline jets.[12]

On February 13, 1978 Southwest Airlines, operating as an intrastate airline at this time, began Boeing 737-200 service to Mueller.[13] In July 1978 Southwest was flying nonstop from Austin to Dallas Love Field, Houston Hobby, Corpus Christi and Harlingen.[14] In 1979 Delta Air Lines and Eastern Air Lines began serving Austin, both airlines flying nonstop to Atlanta with Eastern also operating nonstop to Houston Intercontinental and one-stop to Boston.[12] Delta was operating Boeing 727-200s while Eastern was flying Boeing 727-100 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s to the airport. In 1981 American Airlines began service to Mueller,[15] followed in 1983 by United Airlines and USAir (which was renamed US Airways and subsequently merged with American Airlines).[16] American was flying nonstop to Dallas/Ft. Worth (DFW), Chicago O'Hare, and Corpus Christi during the early 1980s and was operating Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s as well as McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and wide body McDonnell Douglas DC-10 jets into the airport. American introduced Austin's first wide body service with nonstop DC-10 flights to Dallas/Ft. Worth and would later operate the Boeing 767 to DFW from Mueller as well. United was operating nonstop Boeing 727-100s to Chicago O'Hare, Denver, Dallas/Ft. Worth, and San Antonio while USAir was flying nonstop to Houston Intercontinental with one flight a day operated with a Boeing 737-200 with direct, one stop service to Pittsburgh. Other airlines operating jets to Austin during the 1980s included America West Airlines, Emerald Air (which was based in Austin and operated not only independently but also as Pan Am Express), Muse Air and its successor TranStar Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Pan Am, Trans World Airlines (TWA), and Western Airlines.[17] By the late 1980s, every major U.S. air carrier was serving Robert Mueller Municipal Airport with mainline jets.

Expansions[edit]

A new passenger terminal and control tower was built in 1961. The control tower was known for its alternating light blue and dark blue porcelain panels. The terminal and control tower were dedicated in a ceremony attended by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and Austin Mayor Lester Palmer.[5]

Airport Tower November 2016
Control tower
The control tower as it stands in November 2016 on the southern edge of Mueller

A major expansion at Mueller took place in the 1970s, including improvements to the runways and the terminal. Before the expansion, the departure area consisted of 4 to 5 gates, not enclosed but covered by a large awning, and no jetways .[18] Mueller's longest runway was 7,269 feet (2,216 m) long, and by the late 1990s the passenger terminal was at full capacity with 16 gates.

For a number of years, the Texas Army National Guard had facilities at the airport.

Closure and replacement[edit]

Whether the aging Mueller should be relocated to Manor, Texas, was a perennial issue in Austin politics, until the closure of Bergstrom Air Force Base opened another possibility.[19]

Nearby Bergstrom Air Force Base to the southeast of downtown Austin closed as an active military base in 1993, and it was decommissioned as a reserve base in 1996.[20] The primary runway, designed for military cargo and high-performance jets, was left intact and required little work to return to serviceable condition. Smaller military-era buildings at the site were demolished, and a new terminal building and traffic/parking infrastructure was built in their place, creating an international-capable civilian airport to replace Mueller Airport.[20]

Mueller Airport's commercial service ended on 21 May 1999, replaced by the new Austin Bergstrom International Airport;[2] while general aviation activities at Mueller continued through 22 June 1999.[21]

Redevelopment as Mueller Community[edit]

The 711 acres (3 km2)[22] of land that once housed the airport sat vacant and unused for more than half a decade until the city approved a development plan. The new Mueller Community broke ground in 2007 and is expected to take at least ten years to be fully developed.

The airport's control tower has been preserved and restored in response to the local community's desire to keep the iconic 1961 structure.[23] The view of the Texas State Capitol from the base of the tower became one of the Capitol View Corridors protected under state and local law from obstruction by tall buildings in 1983, though redevelopment of the Mueller subdivision is exempt from the regulation.[24]

The airport also left behind about 20 acres and 10,000 square feet of hangar buildings that have been converted into sound stages and renamed Austin Studios. It is the home to several Austin based film and production companies such as Austin Film Society, Rooster Teeth, and Robert Rodriguez's production company, Troublemaker Studios.

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at Robert Mueller Municipal Airport (AUS); 1981-1998[25]
Year Passengers Year Passengers
1981 1,965,186 1990 4,281,720
1982 2,217,568 1991 4,108,620
1983 2,510,540 1992 4,270,136
1984 3,310,668 1993 4,525,940
1985 3,704,320 1994 5,100,022
1986 3,639,910 1995 5,336,894
1987 3,831,540 1996 5,706,450
1988 3,880,450 1997 5,915,106
1989 4,200,390 1998 6,075,132

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ragsdale, Kenneth Baxter (2007). Austin, Cleared for Takeoff: Aviators, Businessmen, and the Growth of an American City. p. xi. ISBN 978-0-292-77435-3.
  2. ^ a b c "Service Begins at New Austin Airport". Los Angeles Times. May 24, 1999. p. 2.
  3. ^ "New airport prepares to take off More flights? Maybe. More traffic? Probably". The Daily Texan. February 3, 1999.
  4. ^ "NTSB Special Investigation Report: Runway Incursions at Controlled Airports in the United States" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. May 6, 1986. p. 64. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Slate, John H. (November 26, 2012). Lost Austin. Arcadia Publishing SC. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-7385-9613-6.
  6. ^ "Why was Austin's first municipal airport named Mueller". Austin Public Library. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  7. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 1, 1963 Continental Airlines timetable
  8. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 29, 1964 & Feb. 1, 1970 Continental Airlines timetables
  9. ^ http://www.60sairlineantiques.net, Sept. 7, 1965 Braniff timetable
  10. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, August 1968 Trans-Texas Airways timetable
  11. ^ North American Edition, Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide
  12. ^ a b http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide
  13. ^ http://www.southwest.com, Press Room, Our History
  14. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1978 Southwest Airlines route map
  15. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, April 26, 1981 American Airlines timetable
  16. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1983 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Austin flight schedules
  17. ^ http://www.departedflights.com , Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions: 7/1/83, 2/15/85, 12/15/89
  18. ^ "Mueller Airport". Austin Explorer. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  19. ^ "Airport site stirs controversy". The Daily Texan. January 15, 1985.
  20. ^ a b "For Austin, Texas, Old Air Force Base Becomes City Airport". The Wall Street Journal. May 24, 1999.
  21. ^ "Austin aviation gets new home at converted air base". Associated Press. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. May 24, 1999.
  22. ^ Lyman, Rick (April 11, 1999). "Austin, in the Big Time, Gets an Airport to Match". The New York Times. p. 3.
  23. ^ Harrell, Barry (July 29, 2010). "Austin's 1960s Mueller airport control tower getting retro restoration". The Austin American Statesman. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  24. ^ "Downtown Development and Capitol View Corridors" (PDF). Downtown Austin Commission. June 27, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  25. ^ "Austin Airport Annual Traffic Report". Retrieved 24 February 2019.

External links[edit]