||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014)|
|Robert Edwin Mugge|
|Born||Robert Edwin Mugge
May 8, 1950
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Occupation||Filmmaker and Professor|
|Years active||1970s to present|
Robert Mugge (born May 8, 1950, Chicago, Illinois, United States) is an American documentary film maker. He has focused primarily on films about music and musicians, but some of his earliest films were not music focused and he is now continuing to branch out as his interests and work evolve.
Robert Mugge was born in Chicago, Illinois where his father, Robert H. Mugge, was earning his doctorate in Sociology from the University of Chicago. Over the next two years, the family moved to Atlanta, Washington, DC, and then Raleigh, NC, as Mugge’s father finished his dissertation on Black Migration in the South and began a career in state and federal government. In 1959, Mugge moved with his father, his mother Elizabeth Mugge (nee Messersmith), and three younger siblings to the Washington, D.C. suburb of Silver Spring, MD which the family made its permanent home.
Mugge was fortunate to attend John F. Kennedy High School in Silver Spring during its progressive period of the mid 1960s where he was encouraged to write poetry, perform in rock bands, compose a musical comedy, and publish an underground newspaper and yearbook. During a two-year stint at Frostburg State University, he wrote short plays, practiced photography, and staged large scale multimedia events before transferring to the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) to study filmmaking. At UMBC, he designed his own academic major titled Film and Associated Art Media and received one of the first “Youthgrants in the Humanities” from the National Endowment for the Humanities to direct a long form documentary titled “Frostburg” which focused on the Appalachian mining town where he had lived previously. He then spent one year as a grad assistant and MFA candidate in Temple University's Documentary Filmmaking program but left without finishing in order to pursue his career. As an aspiring filmmaker, he was perhaps most influenced by a course in film theory given by the late Serbian-American filmmaker and educator Slavko Vorkapich at the AFI Theatre at the Kennedy Center. Other influences on his work (whether evident or not) included Ken Russell’s passionate portraits of artists, dancers, and composers for the BBC, the surreal animation of Max and Dave Fleischer, the kaleidoscopic choreography of Busby Berkeley, the intimate documentaries of D.A. Pennebaker and Les Blank, the sprawling historical documentaries of Marcel Ophuls and Louis Malle, and the films of such international auteurs as Akira Kurosawa, Federico Fellini, Jean-Luc Godard, Samuel Fuller, Nicholas Ray, Yasujiro Ozu, Nicolas Roeg, Ernst Lubitsch, and Max Ophuls.
For approximately four decades, Mugge has worked as an independent producer-director-writer-editor, obtaining financing for his film and television projects from a wide variety of national and international funders. From 1976 through 2003, he was based in the Philadelphia, PA area where he produced many feature-length documentaries, most of them music-related, for Britain’s Channel 4 Television, BMG Video, Starz Entertainment Group, state governments, and assorted others. From 2003 to 2005, he served as Filmmaker in Residence for Mississippi Public Broadcasting and its Foundation for Public Broadcasting in Jackson, MS. From 2005 through 2009, he returned to independent filmmaking, first in Mississippi and then in Media, PA, a suburb of Philadelphia. From 2009 through 2014, he was given a five-year appointment as the Edmund F. and Virginia B. Ball Endowed Chair in Telecommunications at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana where he designed and taught upper-level courses in the art, craft, and business of fiction and nonfiction filmmaking while utilizing students as crew for his own latest productions. Since completing that appointment in July 2014, Mugge has produced additional films in collaboration with Diana Zelman, his production partner since 2005 and his wife since 2012.
Body of Work
Robert Mugge’s first documentary, directed in 1972 on a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities while he was a student at UMBC, was FROSTBURG, a 50-minute portrait of an Appalachian mining town in western Maryland. In 1976, on grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, he directed GEORGE CRUMB: VOICE OF THE WHALE, a 54-minute portrait of Pulitzer Prize-winning composer George Crumb. In 1977, with funding from a limited partnership, he directed (and his then partner Heidi Trombert produced) AMATEUR NIGHT AT CITY HALL: THE STORY OF FRANK L. RIZZO, a 75-minute portrait of controversial Philadelphia Mayor Frank Rizzo. From 1978 through 1980, largely with the backing of friends, he directed SUN RA: A JOYFUL NOISE, a 60-minute portrait of visionary jazz artist Sun Ra. In 1982, with funding from Britain’s Channel 4 Television, he directed BLACK WAX, a 79-minute portrait of poet-singer-songwriter Gil Scott-Heron. In 1983, he was commissioned to direct COOL RUNNINGS: THE REGGAE MOVIE, a 105-minute concert film, at the 1983 Sunsplash Festival in Montego Bay, Jamaica. In 1983/1984, with funding from Britain’s Channel 4 Television, he directed GOSPEL ACCORDING TO AL GREEN, a 94-minute portrait of soul singer and gospel preacher Al Green. In 1985, with funding once again from Britain’s Channel 4, he directed THE RETURN OF RUBEN BLADES, an 82-minute portrait of actor-lawyer-singer-songwriter Ruben Blades. In 1986, with funding from Britain’s Channel 4, Japan’s Yomiuri Shimbun, Fantasy Records, and others, he directed SAXOPHONE COLOSSUS, a 101-minute portrait of jazz great Sonny Rollins. In 1987, with funding from the State of Hawaii, Sony Video Software, and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, he directed HAWAIIAN RAINBOW, an 85-minute film on the history of Hawaiian music. In 1987/1988, with funding from PBS, he directed ENTERTAINING THE TROOPS, featuring a reunion of Bob Hope with surviving members of his WWII troupe of performers. In 1988/1989, with funding from the State of Hawaii and in collaboration with kumu hula (master teacher) Vicky Holt Takamini, he directed KUMU HULA: KEEPERS OF A CULTURE, an 85-minute film about the history of Hawaiian dance.
In 1990/1991, with funding from Dave Stewart of Eurythmics and Britain’s Channel 4, Mugge directed (for producers Eileen Gregory and John Stewart) DEEP BLUES, a 91-minute exploration of Mississippi blues made in collaboration with music writer Robert Palmer. In 1992, with funding from BMG Video and others, he directed PRIDE AND JOY: THE STORY OF ALLIGATOR RECORDS, a portrait of Bruce Iglauer’s contemporary blues label. In 1993/1994, with funding again from BMG Video and others, he directed three films simultaneously: the 101-minute GATHER AT THE RIVER: A BLUEGRASS CELEBRATION; the 71-minute THE KINGDOM OF ZYDECO; and the 86-minute TRUE BELIEVERS: THE MUSICAL FAMILY OF ROUNDER RECORDS. In 1996, with funding from Margaritaville Records, he directed IGUANAS IN THE HOUSE, a 27-minute film about New Orleans band The Iguanas. In 1998/1999, with funding from WinStar Entertainment and the support of the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame & Museum, he directed HELLHOUNDS ON MY TRAIL: THE AFTERLIFE OF ROBERT JOHNSON, a look at the lasting influence of blues legend Robert Johnson. In 1999/2000, with funding from the State of Louisiana, he directed the 2-hour RHYTHM ’N’ BAYOUS: A ROAD MAP TO LOUISIANA MUSIC. In 2002, with funding from Starz Entertainment Group, he directed LAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI JUKES starring Morgan Freeman and others.
In 2003, while working for Mississippi Public Broadcasting, Mugge directed thirteen 60-second mini-movies about Mississippi blues titled BLUES BREAKS. That same year at MPB, he directed A NIGHT AT CLUB EBONY (completed in 2006 but never released due to rights issues), an 86-minute history of a legendary Delta concert venue, and an accompanying 48-minute concert film titled THE ROAD HOME: B.B. KING IN INDIANOLA (also still unreleased). In 2004/2005, while working for MPB’s Foundation for Public Broadcasting in Mississippi, he directed BLUES DIVAS, a 2-hour film and 8-hour TV series starring Morgan Freeman, Odetta, Mavis Staples, and many others. Those same years, while working for MPB’s Foundation, he also directed MEMPHIS BLUES AGAIN: THE 25TH ANNIVERSARY W.C. HANDY BLUES AWARDS, an 87-minute concert film never released due to rights issues. In 2005/2006, with funding from Starz Entertainment Group, he directed (and produced with his new partner Diana Zelman) NEW ORLEANS MUSIC IN EXILE, a 2-hour film about the effects of Hurricane Katrina on the New Orleans music community. In 2007, he was commissioned to direct DEEP SEA BLUES, a 2-hour record of the January 2007 Legendary Rhythm & Blues Cruise to the Caribbean. In 2010, he directed BIG SHOES: WALKING AND TALKING THE BLUES, a 90-minute portrait of musician and music critic Ted Drozdowski and his band Scissormen. In 2010/2011, he directed ALL JAMS ON DECK, a 96-minute look at blues jamming shot on the October 2010 Blues Cruise to Mexico. Between 2011 and 2013, he directed SOUVENIRS OF BUCOVINA: A ROMANIAN SURVIVAL GUIDE, a 2-hour film about a unique region now comprising Northern Romania and Southern Ukraine. Between 2012 and 2014, he directed GIVING UP THE GHOSTS: CLOSING TIME AT DOC’S MUSIC HALL, an 80-minute film about Muncie, IN doctor and musician John Peterson and a music and arts venue he founded. Between 2012 and 2015, with partial funding from the Ball Brothers Foundation, he directed STEVE BELL STORYTELLER: THE STORIES BEHIND THE STORIES, a 2-hour film and accompanying 4 1/2-hour oral history on the career of veteran ABC News correspondent and anchor Steve Bell. In 2014/2015, commissioned by Philadelphia’s WXPN and with funding from the Pew Center for Arts & Heritage, he directed ZYDECO CROSSROADS: A TALE OF TWO CITIES, an 87-minute look at the Creole music scene of Southwest Louisiana and a sequel to his earlier THE KINGDOM OF ZYDECO. As part of the Zydeco Crossroads project, he also directed ROSIE’S IN THE HOUSE TONIGHT, a 55-minute concert film starring Rosie Ledet.
Awards and Honors
|2008||Mugge receives “Lifetime Achievement Award” from Cinema on the Bayou Film Festival for “Documentation of Southern Roots Music Culture in Film.”|
|2008||SUN RA: A JOYFUL NOISE named one of the “50 Greatest Music Films Ever” by Time Out London.|
|2007||Mugge nominated for a United States Artists Fellowship.|
|2007||DEEP BLUES named one of the “Top 25 Music DVDs of All Time” by Rolling Stone.|
|2007||DEEP BLUES named an “Essential Southern Documentary” by the Oxford American.|
|2007||Robert Mugge and Diana Zelman receive “Big Easy Music Award” from Gambit Weekly for making NEW ORLEANS MUSIC IN EXILE.|
|2005||Mugge receives Luminaria Award for Lifetime Achievement from Santa Fe Film Festival.|
|2003||Mugge’s Mississippi Blues Film Trilogy (DEEP BLUES, HELLHOUNDS ON MY TRAIL, and LAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI JUKES) selected as weeklong opening attraction for second screen of AFI Silver Theatre.|
|1992||Mugge receives “Keeping the Blues Alive in Film” Award from Blues Foundation in Memphis.|
|1992||DEEP BLUES is Mugge’s fourth film to play Sundance Film Festival.|
|1990||Sonny Rollins’s “G-Man” album (soundtrack for Mugge’s 1986 film SAXOPHONE COLOSSUS) selected in Village Voice critics’ poll as one of “Ten Best Jazz Albums of the 1980s.”|
|1989||ENTERTAINING THE TROOPS receives Gold Special Jury Award from Houston Film Festival.|
|1988||Six of Robert Mugge’s feature-length music documentaries broadcast as national PBS series titled SUMMER NIGHT MUSIC.|
|1986||Mugge receives Special Award “In Recognition of Outstanding Achievement in the Art of Film” from Denver International Film Festival.|
|1985||GOSPEL ACCORDING TO AL GREEN receives Gold Lone Star Award from Virgin Islands International Film Festival.|
|1978||AMATEUR NIGHT AT CITY HALL receives Silver Hugo Award from Chicago International Film Festival.|
|1976||George Crumb: Voice of the Whale||George Crumb|
|1978||Amateur Night at City Hall: The Story of Frank L. Rizzo||City Politics|
|1980||Sun Ra: A Joyful Noise||Afrofuturism|
|1982||Black Wax||Gil Scott-Heron|
|1983||Cool Runnings: The Reggae Movie||Sunsplash|
|1984||Gospel According to Al Green||Al Green|
|1985||The Return of Rubén Blades||Rubén Blades|
|1986||Saxophone Colossus||Sonny Rollins|
|1987||Hawaiian Rainbow||Hawaiian Music|
|1988||Entertaining the Troops||Bob Hope,etc.|
|1989||Kumu Hula: Keepers of a Culture||Hawaiian Dance|
|1991||Deep Blues||Delta Blues|
|1992||Pride and Joy: The Story of Alligator Records||Alligator Records|
|1994||Gather at the River: A Bluegrass Celebration||Bluegrass Music|
|1994||The Kingdom of Zydeco||Zydeco|
|1994||True Believers: The Musical Family of Rounder Records||Rounder Records|
|1996||Iguanas in the House||Roots Music|
|1999||Hellhounds on My Trail: The Afterlife of Robert Johnson||Robert Johnson|
|2000||Rhythm 'n' Bayous: A Road Map to Louisiana Music||Music of Louisiana|
|2003||Last of the Mississippi Jukes||Blues Venues|
|2003||Blues Breaks||Blues Culture|
|2004||Blues Divas||Blues Women|
|2005||Memphis Blues Again: The 25th Anniversary W. C. Handy Blues Awards (unreleased)||Blues Music Awards|
|2006||New Orleans Music in Exile||Music of New Orleans|
|2006||A Night at Club Ebony (unreleased)||Delta Venue|
|2007||Deep Sea Blues||Blues Cruise|
|2010||Big Shoes: Walking and Talking the Blues||Scissormen|
|2011||All Jams On Deck||Blues Jamming|
|2013||Souvenirs of Bucovina: A Romanian Survival Guide||Eastern Europe|
|2014||Giving Up The Ghosts: Closing Time at Doc’s Music Hall||Music Venue|
|2015||Steve Bell Storyteller: The Stories Behind the Stories||Steve Bell, Journalism|
|2015||Rosie’s in the House Tonight||Rosie Ledet|
|2015||Zydeco Crossroads: A Tale of Two Cities||Creole Culture|
- Ellis, Jack C.; McLane, Betsy A. (2005). A New History of Documentary Film. A&C Black. p. 289. ISBN 9780826417510. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Briton, JoBeth (September 15, 1999). "Getting the Picture: The Films of Robert Mugge to be Screened at Bluestock in Memphis, Oct. 1". Little Rock Free Press.
- Beifuss, John (October 23, 1998). "Filmmaker Mugge tracks music to where it lives". The Commercial Appeal: C1.
- Wald, Elijah (August 26, 1994). "Roots Made Reel". The Boston Globe.
- Cahill, Greg (July 20, 1995). "Music Maker: Mugge offers a thinking man’s alternative to music videos". The Sonoma County Independent.
- Carlson, John (March 24, 2012). "Quest for knowledge, adventure drives filmmaker Bob Mugge". Muncie Star Press.
- "Obituaries-Robert Mugge; Health Statistician Studied Privacy Issues". Washington Post. April 20, 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- Rea, Stephen (July 1990). "Robert Mugge Faces the Music". Applause (WHYY): 19.
- Provicer, Stephen; Paul, Donna (May 1986). "Robert Mugge". Stuff (Boston): 13.
- Rea, Stephen (June 27, 1995). "Filmmaker celebrates the power of regional music". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- Markowitz, Andy (August 21, 1986). "University graduate mixes music and film to unearth the offbeat". The Diamondback (U. of MD, College Park).
- Terrell, Stephen (December 2, 2005). "Robert Mugge’s Musical Spirit". The Santa Fe New Mexican.
- Johnson, Janis (February 22, 1987). "Robert Mugge: Filming musical portraits". The Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine.
- Rose, Michael (Summer 2008). "Mugge Shots: Capturing American Roots Music on Film". Documentary. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Oumano, Ellen (1987). Movies for a Desert Isle: Forty- Two Well-Known Film Lovers in Search of Their Favorite Movie. St. Martin’s Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-4502-0644-0.
- Penn, Roberta. "Robert Mugge: Getting to the Roots of American Music". barnesandnoble.com. Check date values in:
- Smith, Lory (1999). Party in a Box: The Story of the Sundance Film Festival. Gibbs Smith Publishers. pp. 77, 96, 110, 111, 167. ISBN 0879058617.
- Markowitz, Andy. "Robert Mugge’s Blues". Music Film Web. MusicFilmWeb LLC. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Hanson, Lynette (March 30, 2005). "Robert Mugge". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Adams, Sam (January 27, 2000). "Sing a Simple Song". Philadelphia City Paper. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Bennett, Karen (August 1988). "Bob Mugge: Documenting the Childlike and the Immortal". Musician.
- "MVD Entertertainment Group to Release the Films of Robert Mugge". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Marine, Craig (September 18, 1994). "Real to Reel: Robert Mugge’s Soulful Documentaries Celebrate the Music of America’s Roots". San Francisco Examiner Magazine.