Robert Kingscote

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"The Court". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1880.

Colonel Sir Robert Nigel Fitzhardinge Kingscote GCVO KCB JP [1] (28 February 1830 – 22 September 1908), was a British soldier, Liberal politician, courtier and agriculturalist.

Biography[edit]

Kingscote was the son of Colonel Thomas Henry Kingscote, of Kingscote Park (Gloucestershire), by his first wife Lady Isabella Anne Frances, daughter of Henry Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort. His mother died when he was less than one year old, shortly after the birth of her second child, a daughter. His brother, Thomas Kingscote, also joined the Royal Household.

Military career[edit]

Kingscote was commissioned in to the Scots Fusilier Guards in 1846.[2] He was Aide-de-Camp to his great-uncle, Lord Raglan, during the Crimean War, and later achieved the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Royal Scots Fusiliers.[3] He was also an honorary colonel in the 4th Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment.[4][5]

Political career[edit]

Kingscote was Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire West between 1852 and 1885.[6] He was appointed Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire in 1856.[7] The latter year he was appointed a Commissioner of Woods and Forests,[8] a post he held until 1895. He was also a Justice of the Peace for Gloucestershire and Wiltshire.

Court positions[edit]

Kingscote was a Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria between 1859 and 1866, when he resigned,[9] and as an Extra Equerry to the Prince of Wales in 1867. He served as Superintendent of the Prince of Wales's stables until 1885,[10] was appointed to the Council of the Prince of Wales in 1886,[11] and as Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall in 1888,[12] Extra Equerry to Edward VII between 1901 and 1902 and Paymaster-General of the Royal Household between 1901[13] and 1908. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1855, a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1889 and a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in 1902.

Agriculture[edit]

Kingscote was also involved in agricultural affairs and served as President of the Royal Agricultural Society in 1878.

Family[edit]

Lady Emily Marie Kingscote (née Curzon); Nigel Richard Fitzhardinge Kingscote, 1860, by Camille Silvy

Kingscote was twice married. He married firstly the Hon. Caroline Sophia, daughter of George Wyndham, 1st Baron Leconfield, in 1851. She died 19.03.1852 in childbirth, at Drove, Westhampnett in West Sussex. A son born and died 19.03.1852 Drove, Westhampnett, West Sussex. Kingscote married secondly Lady Emily Marie, daughter of Richard Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe, in 1856. They had two sons and two daughters. His eldest daughter, Harriet, married Arthur Wilson and was the mother of Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson, 1st Baron Wilson. His daughter Winifred married Lord Rocksavage, later Marquess of Cholmondeley, on 16 July 1879.[14] Kingscote died in September 1908, aged 78. Lady Kingscote survived him by two years and died in December 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 25951". The London Gazette. 5 July 1889. p. 25951. 
  2. ^ "No. 25951". The London Gazette. 5 July 1889. p. 25951. 
  3. ^ "No. 25951". The London Gazette. 5 July 1889. p. 25951. 
  4. ^ "No. 25951". The London Gazette. 5 July 1889. p. 25951. 
  5. ^ See his “Crimean Journal” - Gloucestershire Archives, record D471, catalogue NRA 4496 Kingscote. Also correspondence and diaries of his brother whilst in the Crimean held at National Army Museum, record 7311/170, catalogue NRA 20803 Kingscote. Also Correspondence with Lord Raglan held at Gwent Record Office NRA 28994.
  6. ^ leighrayment.com
  7. ^ "No. 21873". The London Gazette. 18 April 1856. p. 1467. 
  8. ^ "No. 25951". The London Gazette. 5 July 1889. p. 25951. 
  9. ^ "No. 23152". The London Gazette. 17 August 1866. p. 4593. 
  10. ^ "No. 25468". The London Gazette. 8 May 1885. p. 2104. 
  11. ^ "ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL.". The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893). NSW: National Library of Australia. 28 August 1886. p. 22 Supplement: Third Sheet to The Maitland Mercury. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "No. 25868". The London Gazette. 23 October 1888. p. 5753. 
  13. ^ "No. 27294". The London Gazette. 15 March 1901. p. 1847. 
  14. ^ "Court Circular". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 1879-07-17. p. 8. 

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Grantley Berkeley
Robert Blagden Hale
Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire West
1852–1885
With: Robert Blagden Hale 1852–1857
Sir John Rolt 1857–1867
Edward Arthur Somerset 1867–1868
Samuel Marling 1867–1874
Hon. Randal Plunkett 1874–1880
Lord Moreton 1880–1885
Succeeded by
Lord Moreton
Benjamin St John Ackers
Government offices
Preceded by
Hon. Charles Alexander Gore
George Culley
Commissioner of Woods and Forests
1885–1895
With: George Culley 1885–1893
Stafford Howard 1893–1895
Succeeded by
John Francis Fortescue Horner
Stafford Howard