Robert O. Work
|Robert O. Work|
|32nd United States Deputy Secretary of Defense|
May 1, 2014
|Preceded by||Christine Fox (Acting)|
|United States Undersecretary of the Navy|
May 19, 2009 – March 22, 2013
|Preceded by||Dionel Aviles|
|Succeeded by||Janine A. Davidson|
|Born||Robert Orton Work
January 17, 1953
Charlotte, North Carolina
|Alma mater||University of Illinois
University of Southern California
Naval Postgraduate School
Johns Hopkins University
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1974–2001|
Robert Orton Work (born January 17, 1953) is a United States national security professional who serves as the current United States Deputy Secretary of Defense. Prior to that, Work was the United States Under Secretary of the Navy from May 19, 2009 to March 22, 2013.
Life and career
Work was born in Charlotte, North Carolina. He attended the University of Illinois and earned a B.S. in Biology. Work later earned an M.S. in Systems Management from the University of Southern California; an M.S. in Space System Operations from the Naval Postgraduate School; and a master's degree in International Policy from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.
Work's military service began while he was an undergraduate at the University of Illinois, where he was a member of the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant of the United States Marine Corps in September 1974.
Work spent 27 years in the Marines, holding a variety of positions. He commanded an artillery battery, then an artillery battalion. He rose to become base commander of Camp Fuji; the first head of the Marine Corps' Strategic Initiatives Group, a small analytical group that provided advice directly to the Commandant of the Marine Corps; and, in his highest military posting, as Military Assistant and Special Aide to United States Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig. Work's rank when he retired from the Marines in 2001 was Colonel.
He joined the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) as a senior fellow for maritime affairs. He later became the CSBA's vice president for strategic studies. He also took a position as an adjunct professor at George Washington University, teaching defense analysis and roles and missions of the armed forces. During this period, Work wrote and spoke extensively on naval and marine strategy. He also directed and analyzed war games for the Office of Net Assessment and for the Office of the Secretary of Defense. He participated in the Quadrennial Defense Review in 2006. Work's work has focused on defense strategy; proposals to restructure the Department of Defense; and maritime affairs.
During the presidential transition of Barack Obama, Work was a member of the Department of Defense Transition Team, focusing on the transition at the United States Department of the Navy. President Barack Obama nominated Work as Under Secretary of the Navy and Work was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 19, 2009.
On March 21, 2013, Robert Work was presented with the Navy Distinguished Public Service Medal, the Department of the Navy's highest award for civilians.
In October 2014, Deputy Secretary Work instructed the Defense Business Board to hire consultants from McKinsey & Company to identify wasteful spending. McKinsey discovered DoD was spending $134 billion, 23% of its total budget, on back-office work, and that the back-office bureaucracy staff of over one million people was nearly as great as the number of active duty troops. On January 22, 2015, the Board then voted to recommend adoption of McKinsey's five-year plan to cut $125 billion in waste.
However, after Secretary Chuck Hagel was replaced by Ash Carter the next month, Deputy Secretary Work expressed his concerns that any gain from savings achieved would then be removed from the defense budget by Congress. Under Secretary Frank Kendall III argued that he could not achieve any efficiencies and, instead, that he needed to hire 1,000 more staff. Secretary Carter then replaced the Board chairman, classified the McKinsey results as secret, and removed the report from public websites.
- S. HRG. 113–611
- "Nominations Before the Senate Armed Service Committee, First Session, 111th Congress".
- This story was written Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Shannon Burns; Defense Media Activity-Navy. "Navy Says Farewell to Under Secretary".
- "Budget Cuts and New Ways of Doing Business Await the Marine Corps - Blog".
- Sweetman, Bill. "New Threat To F-35 Joint Strike Fighter." Aviation Week, September 1, 2011.
- Parsons, Dan. "Navy Leaders Frustrated by Littoral Combat Ship Naysayers." National Defense Magazine, April 19, 2012.
- Shapiro, Michael Welles. "Bill to keep steady funding of Virginia-class subs advances." Daily Press, 26 April 2012.
- "Navy Undersecretary Robert Work to step down."
- "Robert Work To Head Defense, Security Think Tank". Executive Gov.
- McLeary, Paul (7 February 2014). "Senate Committee Confirms Work's Nomination for Pentagon No. 2 Spot". defensenews.com. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Garamone, Jim (February 7, 2014). "Obama Nominates Work as Next Deputy Defense Secretary". www.defense.gov. American Forces Press Service. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Craig Whitlock; Bob Woodward (5 December 2016). "Pentagon buries evidence of $125 billion in bureaucratic waste". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert O. Work.|
- Defense.gov biography for Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work
- Faculty Profile at the Elliott School of International Affairs
- CNAS bio
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|United States Deputy Secretary of Defense