Robert Olen Butler
|Robert Olen Butler|
January 20, 1945 |
Granite City, Illinois
|Occupation||Novelist, short fiction writer|
|Literary movement||Magical realism|
|Notable works||A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain, Tabloid Dreams|
Butler was born in Granite City, Illinois, to Robert Olen Butler Sr., an actor and theater professor who became the chairman of the theater department of Saint Louis University, and his wife, the former Lucille Frances Hall, an executive secretary.
Butler served in Vietnam from 1969 to 1971, first as a counter-intelligence special agent for the Army and later as a translator. He rose to the rank of sergeant in the Army Military Intelligence Corps. His experiences during that period have informed his writings, and as a result, in 1987 Butler received the Tu Do Chinh Kien Award from the Vietnam Veterans of America for outstanding contributions to American culture by a veteran. "My greatest pleasure in life was at 2 in the morning to wander out into the steamy back alleys of Saigon, where nobody ever seemed to sleep, and just walk the alleys and crouch in the doorways with the people," Butler told The New York Times in 1993. "The Vietnamese were the warmest, most open and welcoming people I've ever met, and they just invited me into their homes and into their culture and into their lives."
After working as a steel mill laborer, a taxi driver, and a substitute teacher in high schools in the years following his tour of duty in Vietnam, Butler joined Fairchild Publications, where he worked on the staffs of trade publications such as Electronic News. From 1975 until 1985, he was the editor-in-chief of Fairchild's Energy User News (now Energy & Power Management).
Robert Olen Butler is the author of 12 novels and six short story collections, including A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain, which won the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In a review for the Guardian newspaper, renowned French author Claire Messud wrote, "The book has attracted such acclaim not simply because it is beautifully and powerfully written, but because it convincingly pulls off an immense imaginative risk. . . . Butler has not entered the significant and ever-growing canon of Vietnam-related fiction (he has long been a member)—he has changed its composition forever."
Butler began writing novels on the Long Island Railroad while working as a publicist for Fairchild Publications. "Every word of my first four published novels was written on a legal pad, by hand, on my lap, on the Long Island Rail Road as I commuted back and forth from Sea Cliff to Manhattan," Butler has said about his early writing.
The author's first novel was The Alleys of Eden, which was published in 1981 by Horizon Press after being rejected by 21 publishers. Its protagonist is an American deserter who decides to stay in Vietnam, as Butler's one-time writing professor Anatole Broyard wrote in The New York Times, "because, with all its troubles, Vietnam seems to him to retain more of its integrity, its sense of self, than the America he has left behind." Prior to the publication of The Alleys of Eden, Butler had written, by his estimation, "five ghastly novels, about forty dreadful short stories, and twelve truly awful full-length plays, all of which have never seen the light of day and never will."
Butler has always been a controversial artist, seemingly reinventing himself with each new novel or short story collection. His shape-shifting often polarizes reviewers, as was the case with Butler's second novel Sun Dogs (Horizon, 1983), which The New York Times described as having "some powerful moments, some engrossing scenes and deft touches, but there is little momentum, no satisfying pattern, none of the magic of synergy." Conversely, the Ft. Worth Star-Telegram lauded the book as "full of power and energy...mov[ing] from the most feverish of prose to a flatness and sparseness that is reminiscent of the best of Chandler and Hammett. And most importantly, he has something to say... Butler is an intelligent novelist who cares about his characters. He is skillful enough to make the reader feel the same way. It is not often that we get the chance to witness the birth of something this important."
Butler's stories have appeared in such publications as The New Yorker, Esquire, Harper's, The Atlantic Monthly, GQ, and Zoetrope: All-Story. He has had stories included in a combined twelve editions of The Best American Short Stories, New Stories From the South, and numerous college literature textbooks. Butler has also written screenplays for film and television, most of them based on other writers' material.
Butler's short-story collections Tabloid Dreams (1996) and Had a Good Time (2004) take their inspiration from popular culture. The stories in Tabloid Dreams were spun from the titles of outlandish articles in supermarket tabloids. Had a Good Time builds its narratives around the images on vintage American picture postcards, which Butler has collected for more than a decade. One example is the tale "Mother in the Trenches", first published in Harper's in February 2003. It traces the journey of Mrs. Jack Gaines, a prosperous matron, from her comfortable home to the battlefields of World War I France, in order to convince her soldier son to come home; the story's basis is a period postcard that depicts a stout, middle-aged woman wearing dark clothes and a cloche hat.
Again the critical response varied dramatically. While the San Francisco Chronicle said that the stories "feel like a literary parlor game," the Boston Globe raved, that it was full of "crisp writing, marvelous imagining, the discussion of large, existential questions that are as central to life now as they were a hundred years ago."
Severance, his 2006 collection of 240-word short stories about the post-beheading thoughts of decapitated individuals (from Nicole Brown Simpson to Louis XVI to the author himself) was the basis of Severance, a one-act play by David Jette. It was produced in 2007 at McCadden Place Theatre in Los Angeles. At the time, Butler described Severance as his best and most ambitious book.
This was the first of an extended venture into defining and exploring the short short story form. His companion collection, Intercourse, comprising 100 very short stories, revealed the inner monologues of couples (often famous) engaged in sexual intercourse. Weegee Stories, presenting the inner monologues of the subjects of 60 iconic photographs of Arthur "Weegee" Fellig, continued his interest in the form. He also published a theory of the short short story in Narrative Magazine.
As further evidence of his predilection for self-reinvention, in 2009 he published Hell, a “roaring satire” of a novel set entirely in the underworld. His 2011 novel, A Small Hotel, is described by Donna Seaman of Booklist, the American Library Association's magazine, as a "sexy novel of psychological suspense." She goes on to say, "Butler executes a plot twist of profound proportions in this gorgeously controlled, unnerving, and beautifully revealing tale of the consequences of emotional withholding."
In still another act of reinvention, Butler publishes his first literary/historical/espionage/thriller, The Hot Country, with Otto Penzler's Mysterious Press in the fall of 2012.
In 2001, Butler wrote in real-time, a complete short story, "This is Earl Sandt," from first inspiration to final story, in a webcast of 17 two-hour sessions. As the author explained of the broadcasts, "What we're trying to do here is reproduce for you what is normally hidden behind the veil of private life.". The webcasts, under its webcast title of "Inside Creative Writing," have become a popular download on iTunes.
Butler taught creative writing at McNeese State University in Lake Charles, Louisiana, from 1985 to 2000. He then joined the faculty of Florida State University as a Francis Eppes Distinguished Professor, holding the Michael Shaara Chair in Creative Writing, where he currently teaches.
Awards and honors
Butler is a recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship in fiction and a National Endowment for the Arts grant, and was a finalist for the PEN/Faulkner Award. In 2001 he won a National Magazine Award for "Fair Warning," a short story that was published in the journal Zoetrope: All-Story, and, four years later, he won another National Magazine Award for "The One in White," a short story published in The Atlantic Monthly.
In 1993, his first story collection, A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain, won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. The New York Times praised the book's "startling, dreamlike" stories about the lives of Vietnamese immigrants living in Louisiana, and said it was "remarkable not for its flaws, but for how beautifully it achieves its daring project of making the Vietnamese real." The Pulitzer committee said that the stories "raise the literature of the Vietnam conflict to an original and highly personal new level."
Butler also judged the annual Robert Olen Butler Prize, a short-fiction award founded and sponsored by Del Sol Press, with the most recent prize being awarded in 2010. He also judges The Southeast Review's short-short story contest.
On August 10, 1968, Butler married Carol Supplee. They divorced in January 1972.
On July 1, 1972, Butler married poet Marylin Geller (now known professionally as Marylin Krepf).
On July 21, 1987, Butler married Maureen Donlan. They divorced in March 1995.
On April 23, 1995, at Tavern on the Green restaurant in New York City, Butler married the novelist and playwright Elizabeth Dewberry (born September 7, 1962). The couple ended their marriage in July 2007 (The Washington Post reported that they were officially divorced on July 19), according to e-mail Butler sent to his graduate students and fellow professors at Florida State University regarding Dewberry's decision to leave him for communications mogul Ted Turner. A controversy arose over the highly personal revelations contained within Butler's e-mail, which was leaked by one of its recipients and subsequently reported on by major international media outlets, such as The Washington Post, The New York Times, and National Public Radio.
On November 22, 2011, Butler married Kelly Lee Daniels, now known professionally as Kelly Lee Butler.
- The Alleys of Eden (1981)
- Sun Dogs (1982)
- Countrymen of Bones (1983)
- On Distant Ground (1985)
- Wabash (1987)
- The Deuce (1989)
- They Whisper (1994)
- The Deep Green Sea (1997)
- Mr. Spaceman (2000)
- Fair Warning (2002)
- Hell (2009)
- A Small Hotel (2011)
- The Hot Country (2012) ISBN 0-8021-2046-6
- The Star of Istanbul (2013) ISBN 978-0-8021-2155-4
- The Empire of Night (2014)
Short story collections
- A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain (1992)
- Tabloid Dreams (1996)
- Had a Good Time: Stories from American Postcards (2004)
- Severance (2006)
- Intercourse (2008)
- Weegee Stories (2010)
- The Best American Short Stories 1991 (1991)
- The Best American Short Stories 1992 (1992)
- The Best American Short Stories 1994 (1994)
- Introduction to Vietnam War Literature: A Catalogue (1990)
- The Robert Olen Butler Prize Stories 2004 (2005) ISBN 0-9748229-5-7
- The Robert Olen Butler Prize Stories 2005 (2006) ISBN 0-9748229-8-1
- The Robert Olen Butler Prize Stories 2007 (2007) ISBN 978-0-979150-16-6
- The Robert Olen Butler Prize Stories 2008 (2008) ISBN 978-1-934832-06-6
- The Robert Olen Butler Prize Stories 2009 (2011) ISBN 978-1-934832-11-0
- "The Pulitzer Prizes".
- "Robert Olen Butler Writings, 1980-2004". FSU Special Collections, Archives & Manuscripts.
- Peter Applebome, "An Author Catapulted into the Foreground," The New York Times, April 20, 1993
- It is now a publication of BNP Media.
- Messud, Claire (June 9, 1993). "Voices of Vietnam". Guardian (London).
- Weich, Dave (March 2000). "Robert Olen Butler Plays with Voices". Powells.com Interviews.
- Broyard, Anatole (November 11, 1981). "THE ALLEYS OF EDEN; By Robert Olen Butler (review)". Books of the Times. The New York Times.
- Reed, Ronald (November 14, 1982). "Now See What He's Done for an Encore". Ft. Worth Star-Telegram.
- Murphy, Jessica (June 14, 2004). "Faraway Voices (interview)". The Atlantic Online.
- Butler. "Mother in the Trenches". Harper's Magazine. February 2003. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
- Freeman, John. Freeman, John (August 22, 2004). "Faces look out from postcards to inspire stories". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
- Merullo, Roland (August 22, 2004). "A Past's Captured Souls". Boston Globe.
- Anderson, Jeffrey M., (September 30, 2006). "Why I write: Robert Olen Butler". The Examiner.
- Butler, Robert Olen. "A Short Short Theory".
- Seaman, Donna (March 15, 2011). "Review". Booklist.
- Freeman, John (August 22, 2004). "Faces look out from postcards to inspire stories". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Applebome, Peter (April 20, 1993). "An Author Catapulted into the Foreground". New York Times.
- Packer, George (June 7, 1992). "From the Mekong to the Bayous". New York Times.
- "Winners of the 1993 Pulitzer Prizes for Journalism, Literature, and the Arts". New York Times. April 14, 1993.
- "The Robert Olen Butler Short Fiction Prize". Del Sol Press.
- "2013 Contests". The Southeaster Review.
- Who's Who in America 2006
- Jason, Philip K. (September 13, 2006). "Poets-in-law share rhyme and reason". Naples Sun Times.
- Brady, Lois Smith (May 7, 1995). "Vows: Robert O. Butler, Elizabeth Dewberry". The New York Times.
- "Elizabeth Dewberry Left Robert Olen Butler To Join Ted Turner's Collection". Gawker.com. July 31, 2007.
- "Hell by Robert Olen Butler". Grove Press. Grove/Atlantic, Inc. 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert Olen Butler.|
- Official website
- Faculty page at FSU
- Robert Olen Butler Fiction Prize
- Author page, UK publisher (No Exit Press)
- Inside Creative Writing: Watch a Pulitzer Prize Winner Create an Original Story
- Butler article for the U.S. Department of State website about his postcard-inspired fiction
- Links to three stories published in Zoetrope: All-Story
- Excerpt from "Mother in the Trenches"
- Non-fiction article about Saigon, written for Condé Nast Traveler
- Interview with Dave Weich of Powells.com
- Interview with Jessica Murphy of The Atlantic Monthly
- 1 August 2007 interview with NPR regarding the breakup of his fourth marriage
- Interview with Robert Olen Butler, Quiddity International Literary Journal and Public-Radio Program, September 2009