Robert P. Crease
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|Robert P. Crease|
|Born||22 October 1953 (age 68)|
Robert P. Crease (//; born 22 October 1953 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a philosopher and historian of science. He is Chairman of the Department of Philosophy at Stony Brook University, where he has been a professor since 1987.
In philosophy his interests lie in performance theory, expertise, and trust. In history of science his interest focuses on the history of Brookhaven National Laboratory, one of the first three U.S. national laboratories; he is co-founder of the Laboratory History conferences which have been held bi-annually since 1999. In 2007 he was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) in the United States, and of the Institute of Physics (IOP) in London.
History of science
Robert P. Crease began to work on the history of Brookhaven National Laboratory shortly after arriving at Stony Brook in 1987. Brookhaven, established in 1947 and the site of several Nobel-prizewinning work, was among the first three U.S. National Laboratories. Due to its scientific ambitions and geographical location (not far from New York City), Brookhaven has experienced the tensions and conflicts affecting U.S. science-society relations in general. These tensions and conflicts affect the management of science, science policy, the construction of large scientific facilities, and environmental concerns and community trust. Crease has written about the history of Brookhaven's first quarter-century in Making Physics: A Biography of Brookhaven National Laboratory (University of Chicago Press, 1999).
His articles about Brookhaven include:
- "The National Synchrotron Light Source, Part I: Bright Idea" – Physics in Perspective 10 (2008), pp. 438–467.
- "The National Synchrotron Light Source, Part II: The Bakeout" – Physics in Perspective 11 (2009), pp. 15–45.
- "Recombinant Science: The Birth of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)" – Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 38:4, pp. 535–568.
- "Quenched! The ISABELLE Saga, Part 1" – Physics in Perspective 7, Sept. 2005.
- "Quenched! The ISABELLE Saga, Part 2" – "Physics in Perspective 7, Dec. 2005.
- "Anxious History: The High Flux Beam Reactor and Brookhaven National Laboratory" – Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 32:1 (2001), pp. 41–56.
- "Conflicting Interpretations of Risk: The Case of Brookhaven's Spent Fuel Rods" – Technology: A Journal of Science Serving Legislative, Regulatory, and Judicial Systems 6 (1999), pp. 495–500.
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part One: the Graphite Reactor and the Cosmotron" – Long Island Historical Journal 3:2 (Spring 1991), pp. 167–188.
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part Two: The Haworth Years" – Long Island Historical Journal 4:2 (Spring 1992).
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part Three" – Long Island Historical Journal 6:1 (Fall 1993), pp. 167–188.
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part Four: Problems of Transition" – Long Island Historical Journal 7:1 (Fall 1994), pp. 22–41.
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part Five" – Long Island Historical Journal 4:2 (Spring 1995).
- "The History of Brookhaven National Laboratory Part Six: The Lab and Long Island Community, 1947–1972" – Long Island Historical Journal 9:2 (Fall 1996), pp. 4–24.
In performance theory Crease treats performance not as merely a praxis – an application of a skill, technique, or practice that simply produces what it does – but a poiesis; a bringing forth of a phenomenon, something with its own identity in the world, able to appear in different ways in different circumstances, but exhibiting some lawlike integrity. Works of the performing arts are clearly of this sort – but so are scientific experiments. An experiment is not something automatic, but must be planned, executed, and witnessed – and its result sometimes leads the planners to have to alter an experiment so that what appears in it can be seen more clearly.
Crease treats performance as not simply a metaphor that is extended merely suggestively from the arts to the sciences, but as something that happens alike in artistic and scientific activity. Treating experiments as performances in the service of inquiry, however, leads us to understand better several features of experiments, such as why they can "give us back" more information than we put into them, causing us to reshape the theories that led us to create them.
Relevant publications include:
- "Technique" (with John Lutterbie), in Staging Philosophy, ed. D. Saltz and D. Krasner, forthcoming – Univ. of Michigan Press, 2006, pp. 160–179.
- "From Workbench to Cyberstage", in Postphenomenology: A Critical Companion to Ihde, ed. E. Selinger – Albany, SUNY Press, 2006, pp. 221–229.
- "Inquiry and Performance: Analogies and Identities Between the Arts and the Sciences" – Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28:4 (2003), pp. 266–272.
- The Play of Nature: Experimentation as Performance – Indiana University Press, 1993.
- The Workshop and the World: What Ten Thinkers Can Teach Us About Science and Authority – W. W. Norton & Company, 2019
- World in the Balance: The Historic Quest for an Absolute System of Measurement – W. W. Norton & Company, 2011
- The Great Equations: Breakthroughs in Science from Pythagoras to Heisenberg – W. W. Norton & Company, 2009
- The Philosophy of Expertise (with E. Selinger) – Columbia University Press, 2006
- J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life, by Abraham Pais, with supplemental material by Robert P. Crease – Oxford University Press, 2006
- American Philosophy of Technology, trans. from the Dutch – Indiana University Press, 2001
- The Prism and the Pendulum: The Ten Most Beautiful Experiments in Science – Random House 2003; Crease, Robert (2007-12-18). pbk edition. ISBN 9780307432537.
- What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections on Technology, Agency, and Design, by P. P. Verbeek, trans. by Robert P. Crease – Penn State Press, 2005
- Making Physics: A Biography of Brookhaven National Laboratory，1947-1972 – University of Chicago Press, 1999
- Serber, Robert; Crease, Robert P. (1998). Peace & War: Reminiscences of a Life on the Frontiers of Science. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-10546-0.
- Hermeneutics and the Natural Sciences, ed. Robert P. Crease – Kluwer 1997
- Crease, Robert P. & Charles C. Mann (1996). The Second Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Twentieth-Century Physics (Revised ed.). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
- The Play of Nature: Experimentation as Performance – Indiana University Press, 1993
- Crease, Robert P. & Charles C. Mann (1986). The Second Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Twentieth-Century Physics. New York: Macmillan.
- "Trust, Expertise, and the Philosophy of Science" (with Kyle Powys Whyte) – Synthese (2010) 177, pp. 411–425.
- "Dreyfus on Expertise: The Limits of Phenomenological Analysis" (with Evan Selinger) – Continental Philosophy Review 35:3, 2003.
- "Fallout: Issues in the Study, Treatment, and Reparations of Exposed Marshall Islanders", in Exploring Diversity in the Philosophy of Science and Technology, ed. by Robert Figueroa and Sandra Harding – Routledge, 2003, pp. 106–125.
- "Robert P. Crease, Author at Physics World". Physics World. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- "APS Fellow Archive". American Physical Society.
Crease, Robert , State University of New York, Stony Brook. Citation: For his extensive historical writings on physics, including "The Second Creation", "Making Science: A Biography of Brookhaven National Laboratory" and his completion of Robert Serber's memoirs and Abraham Pais' biography of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Nominated by: Forum on the History of Physics
- "The Workshop and the World: What Ten Thinkers Can Teach Us About Science and Authority". www.publishersweekly.com. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
- Crease, Robert P. (2019-03-18). "The rise and fall of scientific authority — and how to bring it back". Nature. 567 (7748): 309–310. Bibcode:2019Natur.567..309C. doi:10.1038/d41586-019-00872-w.
- Shapin, Steven (30 August 2012). "Review of World in the Balance by R. P. Crease". London Review of Books. 34 (16): 8–10.
- "Review of World in the Balance by R. P. Crease". Kirkus Reviews (posted online 18 October 2011).
- Latulippe, Christian (19 July 2010). "Review of The Great Equations by R. P. Crease". MAA Reviews, Mathematical Association of America.
- Gregory, Andrew (September 2010). "Review of The Great Equations by R. P. Crease". Isis. 101 (3): 626–627. doi:10.1086/657178.
- "Review of The Great Equations by R. P. Crease". Publishers Weekly. 6 October 2008.
- "Review of Making Physics: A Biography of Brookhaven National Laboratory，1947-1972 by R. P. Crease". Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 1st 1999.