Robert Paine (sculptor)

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Robert Treat Paine (1870–1946) was an American sculptor.

Paine was born in Valparaiso, Indiana on February 11, 1870, a descendant of the Robert Treat Paine who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.[1][2] He was a student at the Art Students League where he studied with Augustus Saint Gaudens. He spent time at the Cornish (New Hampshire) Art Colony, becoming an assistant to Saint Gaudens. While there he perfected the pointing machine used by Gaudens, called a "cubical pantograph," that increased the "accuracy and speed" of the previous machines, allowing for up to 400 points a day. The machine, while relatively new, was used to increase to monumental proportions the 500 clay models accepted in 1900 by Karl Bitter, Director of Sculpture, for the 1901 Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, NY. 35 sculptors, including Saint Gaudens, and 50–75 assistants worked for 5 months tirelessly in Weehawken, NJ to produce the 500 plaster and fiber statues to be displayed in the temporary Rainbow City of Light, celebrating the genius of man at the dawn of the 20th century.[3] Paine's marvelous invention was also used on Sherman's horse on the Sherman Monument in New York (1903).[4] In 1914 Paine went to San Francisco with fellow sculptor Beniamino Bufano to create a sculpture ensemble designed by Paul Manship for the {Panama Pacific International Exposition]]. He settled in Berkeley for a time and in 1922 stayed at the estate of Charles Erskine Scott Wood and Sara Bard Field in Los Gatos to create a pair of large statues of wild cats that are still local landmarks.[5] In 1924 he moved to Los Angeles, where he assisted Alexander Phimister Proctor on sculpture projects and was active on the Federal Art Project.[1]


  1. ^ a b AskArt
  2. ^ Falk, Peter Hastings, "Who Was Who in American Art" Sound View Press, Madison CT, 1985
  3. ^
  4. ^ Wilkinson, Burke, "Uncommon Clay: The Life and Works of Augustus Saint Gaudens", photographs by David Finn, Harcourt Brace Jovanovitch, Publishers, San Diego, 1983, p. 266
  5. ^ History Los Gatos

See also[edit]

Oral history of his daughter Evelyn and her husband, Berkeley architect Robert Ratcliff