Robert Parry (journalist)
|Born||June 24, 1949|
Hartford, Connecticut, United States
|Died||January 27, 2018 (aged 68)|
Arlington County, Virginia, United States
|Alma mater||Colby College|
Robert Earle Parry (June 24, 1949 – January 27, 2018) was an American investigative journalist. He was best known for his role in covering the Iran-Contra affair for the Associated Press (AP) and Newsweek, including breaking the Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare (CIA manual provided to the Nicaraguan contras) and the CIA involvement in Contra cocaine trafficking in the U.S. scandal in 1985.
Parry was the editor of ConsortiumNews.com from 1995 until his death in 2018.
Life and career
Born in Hartford, Connecticut, Parry received a B.A. in English from Colby College in Waterville, Maine in 1971, before beginning his career in journalism in Massachusetts. He joined the Associated Press in 1974, moving to its Washington, D.C. bureau in 1977. Following the 1980 presidential election he was assigned to its Special Assignment (investigative reporting) unit, where he began working on Central America.[better source needed]
Parry was a finalist for the 1985 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting and received the George Polk Award for National Reporting in 1984 for his work with the Associated Press on Iran-Contra, where he broke the story that the Central Intelligence Agency had provided an assassination manual to the Nicaraguan Contras (Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare). In mid-1985, he wrote the first article on Oliver North's involvement in the affair and, together with Brian Barger in late 1985, he broke the CIA and Contras cocaine trafficking in the US scandal,[non-primary source needed] helping to spark Senator John Kerry's interest in investigating Iran-Contra. The Associated Press had refused to publish the drug trafficking story, and only relented when its Spanish-language newswire service accidentally published a translation. Barger and Parry continued to press their investigation of North even as most of the media declined to follow it up, eventually publishing a story in mid-1986, based on 24 sources, which led to a Congressional committee asking questions of North. After North denied the allegations, Barger was pushed out of the Associated Press, and Parry was unable to publish any further follow-ups to the story until after Eugene Hasenfus' plane (Corporate Air Services HPF821) was shot down in Nicaragua in October 1986.[non-primary source needed] After finding out that his boss had been "conferring with [Oliver] North on a regular basis", Parry left AP in 1987 to join Newsweek, which he left in 1990.
In August 1990, PBS' Frontline asked Parry to work on the October Surprise conspiracy theory, leading to Parry making several documentaries for the program, broadcast in 1991 and 1992. In 1996, Salon wrote about his work on the theory, saying that "his continuing quest to unearth the facts of the alleged October Surprise has made him persona non grata among those who worship at the altar of conventional wisdom."
When journalist Gary Webb published his newspaper series "Dark Alliance" in 1996 alleging that the Reagan administration had allowed the Contras to smuggle cocaine into the US to make money for their efforts, Parry supported Webb amidst heavy criticism from the media.
In 1995, Parry founded the Consortium for Independent Journalism Inc. (CIJ) as a non-profit, US-based independent news service which publishes the website Consortiumnews.
In October 2015, Parry was awarded the I.F. Stone Medal for Journalistic Independence by Harvard's Nieman Foundation for Journalism, "for his career distinguished by meticulously researched investigations, intrepid questioning, and reporting that has challenged mainstream media.".
- Lost History: Contras, Cocaine, The Press & Project Truth (1992)
- Fooling America: How Washington Insiders Twist the Truth and Manufacture the Conventional Wisdom. New York: William Morrow (1992)
- Trick or Treason: The October Surprise Mystery. New York: Sheridan Square Press (1993). ISBN 978-1879823082. OCLC 28294820.
- The October Surprise X-Files: The Hidden Origins of the Reagan-Bush Era (1996)
- Secrecy & Privilege: Rise of the Bush Dynasty from Watergate to Iraq (2004)
- Neck Deep: The Disastrous Presidency of George W. Bush, with Sam and Nat Parry. Arlington, Virginia: Media Consortium (2007)
- America's Stolen Narrative: From Washington and Madison to Nixon, Reagan and the Bushes to Obama (2012)
- "Iran-Contra's Untold Story." Foreign Policy, no. 72 (Autumn 1988), pp. 3–30. doi:10.2307/1148818. JSTOR 1148818.
- "Contra-Cocaine: Big Media's Big Mistakes." I.F. Magazine (July/August 1997), pp. 9-12.
- "Robert Earle Parry (1949–2018)." Ancestry.com.
- Sam Roberts (January 29, 2018). "Robert Parry, Investigative Reporter in Washington, Dies at 68". New York Times.
- "Investigative journalist Robert Parry dies at 68". Startribune.com. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
- Robert Parry, realhistoryarchives.com, A talk by Robert Parry given in Santa Monica on March 28, 1993
- "Finalist: Robert Parry of Associated Press". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
- Long Island University, George Polk Awards: Previous Award Winners. Retrieved on September 23, 2013.
- Cohen, Jeff; Solomon, Norman (January 14, 1996). "Robert Parry still investigating—in cyberspace". Eugene Register-Guard. 129 (83). Eugene, Oregon. p. 4C. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Brian Barger and Robert Parry, "Reports Link Nicaraguan Rebels to Cocaine Trafficking", Associated Press (December 20, 1985).
- Robert Parry, 25 October 2004, Salon.com, How John Kerry exposed the Contra-cocaine scandal
- Dan Kennedy, 11 June 1996, Salon.com, Parry's Thrust (Archived September 3, 1999, at the Wayback Machine)
- Frontline, 16 April 1991, The Election Held Hostage
- PBS, Frontline, 7 April 1992, "Investigating the October Surprise". Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2012.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Webb, Gary (1999). Dark Alliance. Seven Stories Press. p. 480. ISBN 978-1-888363-93-7.
- Robert Parry, 28 December 2011, A Brief Narrative of Consortiumnews Consortiumnews.com
- "Nieman Foundation - Robert Parry Receives I.F. Stone Medal for Journalistic Independence". Nieman.harvard.edu. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism". Marthagellhorn.com. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
- "Robert Parry's Legacy and the Future of Consortiumnews", Parry, Nat. Consortiumnews 28 January. Retrieved 4 February 2018.