Robert Paterson (composer)

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Robert Paterson
Robert Paterson, Composer - Singing Bowl Image.jpg
Robert Paterson (2013)
Background information
Birth name Robert Anthony Paterson
Born (1970-04-29) April 29, 1970 (age 45)
Origin Buffalo, New York, United States
Genres Contemporary classical
Occupation(s) Composer, Conductor, Percussionist
Years active 1984–present
Website www.robertpaterson.com
Notable instruments
DeMorrow 5 Octave Marimba

Robert Paterson (born 29 April 1970) is an American composer of contemporary classical music, as well as a conductor and percussionist. His catalog includes over 80 compositions. He has been called a "modern day master"[1] and is primarily known for his colorful orchestral works, large body of chamber music and clear vocal writing[2] in his operas, choral works, vocal chamber works and song cycles.

Early Years[edit]

Paterson was born on the West Side of Buffalo, New York. He is the son of Tony Paterson, an award-winning sculptor who was Professor of Sculpture at the University at Buffalo, and Eleanor Paterson, a painter and bilingual education director at Erie Community College who received her Ph.D. in bilingual education from the University at Buffalo. Although Paterson was surrounded by sculptors and painters while growing up,[3] his father enjoyed contemporary classical music and took him to new-music concerts at the University at Buffalo, where he heard works by Morton Feldman and John Cage, with both composers in attendance.[3] Paterson "grew up in a home where his parents – a sculptor and a painter – always listened to music."[4] He has one brother, David Paterson, who is also a musician and teaches in the New York City public schools.

Paterson began composing on his own at age 13 and studied composition privately for two years with William Ortiz-Alvarado from 1984-86. He also took private percussion lessons at age 12 and attended the Interlochen Center for the Arts for two summers, in 1982 and 1983. He attended the Nichols School in eighth grade and middle school and high school at the Buffalo Academy for Visual and Performing Arts, where he performed in the wind ensemble, jazz band and various choirs, and also played on the tennis team. He also studied percussion with various teachers in the greater Buffalo area, including Lynn Harbold (former principal percussionist with the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra), Jack Brennan (former assistant timpanist with the Buffalo Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, timpanist with the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra), David DePeters (currently percussionist and Executive Director, Iris Orchestra), Anthony Miranda and John Bacon, as well as piano with Claudia Hoca (pianist for the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra) and Edmund Gordanier. While a high school student, Paterson also attended the Boston University Tanglewood Institute for two summers where he studied percussion with members of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, including Arthur Press, Charlie Smith and Tom Gauger, and also performed in the BUTI Orchestra under Eiji Oue and guest conductor Leonard Bernstein.

Education[edit]

Paterson received a Bachelor of Music degree from the Eastman School of Music where he studied with Christopher Rouse, Joseph Schwantner, Samuel Adler, Warren Benson and David Liptak, graduating in 1995. While at Eastman, he was a double major in composition and percussion and studied percussion with John Beck, and also performed in Eastman's Musica Nova ensemble under Sydney Hodkinson and also became a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. In 2001 he received a Master of Music degree from the Jacobs School of Music of Indiana University in Bloomington, where he studied composition with Frederick A. Fox and Eugene O'Brien, performing in the IU Contemporary Ensemble under David Dzubay, and percussion with Gerald Carlyss (former timpanist with the Philadelphia Orchestra) and Thomas Stubbs (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra). In 2004, he received a Doctor of Musical Arts degree from Cornell University where he studied composition with Steven Stucky and Roberto Sierra. In 1999 he studied with John Harbison and Bernard Rands at the Aspen Music Festival and School, as part of the Advanced Master Class and as the recipient of the Second ASCAP Aspen Film Fellowship.[5] In 2000 he studied privately with Aaron Jay Kernis at the Atlantic Center for the Arts.

Career[edit]

After leaving graduate school, Paterson moved to New York City and soon after began teaching at Bronx Community College for one year, and then Sarah Lawrence College for four years. While teaching, Paterson began working on a variety of commissions for ensembles such as Quintet of The Americas, The California EAR Unit and Volti. In 2005, Paterson and his wife Victoria co-founded the American Modern Ensemble[4] and American Modern Recordings,[6] an Independent record label distributed by Naxos of America (a division of Naxos Records) specializing in contemporary classical music, with an emphasis on music by living American composers.

Paterson's music has been performed throughout the United States, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia, and his works have been commissioned and/or performed by over one-hundred ensembles, including the Louisville Orchestra, Vermont Symphony Orchestra, Austin Symphony, American Composers Orchestra, Minnesota Orchestra, Quintet of the Americas, Chamber Choir of Europe, Musica Sacra (New York) and the Volti choir of San Francisco. Other ensembles that have performed Paterson's works include The New York New Music Ensemble, Fireworks Ensemble, JACK Quartet, Del Sol Quartet, PubliQuartet, MAYA, Da Capo Chamber Players, California EAR Unit, Cygnus, Ensemble Aleph (Paris), Ensemble Nouvelles Consonances (Belgium), Kairos String Quartet, Cayuga Chamber Orchestra, Russian Chamber Orchestra, MANCA Festival presented by the Centre National de Creation Musicale (CIRM) and the June in Buffalo new music festival.

As a conductor, Paterson has conducted the American Modern Ensemble since it was founded in 2005, and has also conducted the Society for New Music ensemble and Atlantic Music Festival Contemporary Ensemble. As a percussionist, Paterson spent many years developing a six-mallet technique based on the Burton grip. He developed this technique while studying with John Beck at the Eastman School of Music, where he presented the world's first all six-mallet marimba recital.[7] As well as composing his own six-mallet works, he has "been instrumental in the commissioning of six-mallet works for solo marimba" and has to date, written fourteen works using a six-mallet technique (extended technique) he developed.[8] His recording Six Mallet Marimba is the first all six-mallet marimba album ever released, and contains many of Paterson's six-mallet marimba compositions. Paterson performs on a five-octave marimba made by Doug DeMorrow.[9]

Paterson's work as a composer and percussionist appear on recordings for American Modern Recordings (AMR), Mode Records, Bridge Records, Centaur Records, Capstone Records, and Riax.

Teaching[edit]

Paterson is currently the Director of the Composition Program at the Atlantic Music Festival. Paterson has taught at Cornell University, Sarah Lawrence College, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Bronx Community College, The Walden School,[10] Point Counterpoint (New Music on The Point) and the Rocky Ridge Music Center, where he was also Composer-In-Residence from 2012–14, and was a visiting composer in 2015.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Paterson is the son of American sculptor Tony Paterson. He lives in Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan in New York City with his wife, Victoria Paterson, a violinist, and their son Dylan. He is vegan and an accomplished cook, and has compared inventing recipes to composing, but with food instead of musical notes.[12]

Musical Style[edit]

Paterson's music is influenced by nature (particularly the classical elements), and many of his works have ecological themes,[13] such as "A New Eaarth" and "Embracing The Wind". His works are also inspired by rock and roll (such as "Ghost Theater" which quotes the John Bonham drumset part from When the Levee Breaks by Led Zeppelin and "Hell's Kitchen"), jazz (the last movement from "Symphony in Three Movements" and "Thursday"), world music ("The Book of Goddesses")[14][15] and Indian music (the third movement of "Sun Trio").

Paterson is also influenced by the music of other classical composers, including Russian composers such as Igor Stravinsky ("Sun Trio", second movement), Dmitri Shostakovich and Alfred Schnittke, and French composers such as Maurice Ravel, Erik Satie, Claude Debussy and Olivier Messiaen,[3] and American composers such as Aaron Copland, Charles Ives,[16] Steve Reich[6] and many of his former teachers. He has said, "...I am essentially interested in unifying all musical elements—and many non-musical elements (i.e. ‘noise’) — into a cohesive whole.”[4]

Stylistically, although many of Paterson's works are atonal,[17] a large selection of Paterson's works are tonal, combining major and minor scales and modes with chromaticism, Octatonic scales, Blues scales, Tone rows, artificial scales and scales from non-Western cultures, such as his use of the Indonesian Pelog scale in his work "Quintus". Some of his works derive their material from chromatically saturated harmonic patterns that combine chords, melodies and motivic ideas that complete the chromatic scale within given sections of works. Formally, some of Paterson's works are highly episodic, such as his "Sextet" and "Hell's Kitchen", while others are more seamless, such as "Dark Mountains" for orchestra, "A Dream Within A Dream" for a cappella choir or "Deep Blue Ocean" for two pianos.

Paterson's music is generally very colorful, and he incorporates extended techniques in many of his works, such as "Scorpion Tales" for two harps, "The Book of Goddesses" for flute, harp and percussion, "Komodo" and "Piranha" for solo marimba and "Eating Variations" for baritone and chamber ensemble. He also occasionally uses found objects, such as in his work "Hell's Kitchen" which calls for kitchen utensils, pots and pans, and even a kitchen sink.[4]

Many of his works also use bell sounds, and Paterson has said, "I am fascinated with resonance, and how notes ring. I also like bell sounds, and often ask non-percussionists to play cup gongs (temple bowls or Tibetan bowls), finger cymbals and other hand-held percussion instruments",[18] such as "The Thin Ice of Your Fragile Mind", which calls for many of the performers to use graduated finger cymbals and Tingshas, "Eating Variations" which calls for specifically-pitched singing bowls, and "A New Eaarth," which calls for non-percussionists (such as one of the flute players) to use specifically-tuned wind chimes.

Many of Paterson's works are programmatic, such as "Electric Lines" for orchestra, "Crimson Earth" for symphonic band and "Sextet" for chamber ensemble. Themes that have inspired Paterson have included famous icons such as Thomas Edison (for his work "Sonata for Bassoon and Piano") and Mike Piazza[19] (in his song cycle "Batter's Box", formerly titled "Stepping Into The Batter's Box, He Hears His Father's Voice"), while other works are inspired by famous paintings ("Closet Full of Demons" for sinfonietta, inspired by The Nightmare by Henry Fuseli, "Crimson Earth", inspired by The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder) and the third movement of his "Wind Quintet", inspired by Salvador Dali's The Persistence of Memory.[20]

A few of his works quote the works of other composers, such as his" Elegy for Two Bassoons and Piano" and "Elegy for Two Cellos and Piano", the same work with different instrumentation, both of which quote the music of J.S. Bach. His work "Looney Tunes" quotes Olivier Messiaen and Charlie Parker,[21] and his 'Sonata for Bassoon and Piano" quotes Sergei Rachmaninoff and Pacific 231 by Arthur Honegger. In the second movement of Paterson's "Wind Quintet, "Suburban waltz-fantasy", there are quotes from well-known television show themes, including The Jetsons, All in the Family, Green Acres, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Brady Bunch and Leave It To Beaver.[20][22]

Although many of Paterson's works are serious or at least musically abstract in nature, a selection of his works incorporate humorous elements, such as his chamber vocal song cycles "Batter's Box" and "CAPTCHA", and his choral works "The Essence of Gravity" and "Did You Hear." Regarding humor in his own music, Paterson has said, “Of all of the aspects of writing that seem to intrigue people regarding my work, my embracing humor is probably the most contentious: some people like, it, some do not. Many composers admit that they do not care to write ‘funny’ music. It seems as if they think they are in danger of being considered trivial or not serious if they embrace humor."[4]

Paterson has spent a good part of his career composing vocal works. Although he has set numerous poems by poets such as Wallace Stevens and Robert Creeley,[23] he has also set a myriad of diverse, alternative texts, such as fictitious answering machine messages ("Thursday" for soprano and piano), onomatopoeia words ("The Essence of Gravity" for a cappella choir), and even nursery rhymes ("Life is But a Dream" for a cappella choir). One of these works, "CAPTCHA" for baritone and piano, "...derives its lyrics from the two-word answers to reCAPTCHA puzzles. The lyrics are a combination of words, numbers and fragments of words and nonsense."[24]

Within his vocal output, one of his primary works is the climate change inspired "A New Eaarth" for orchestra, chorus and narrator, commissioned by the Vermont Youth Orchestra Association, and inspired by Eaarth by Bill McKibben, who narrated at the premiere. Described by the press as "an amazingly colorful tone poem",[17] "A New Eaarth" consists of alternating sections of pure orchestral music, narration, and sections for orchestra and chorus (these excerpted choral movements also exist as a work for a choir and piano entitled "Suite from A New Eaarth"). The work addresses climate change and is divided into four main sections, each section centered on one of the four classical elements and how they relate to environmental disasters such as flooding, tornadoes, hurricanes and forest fires, all thought to be exacerbated by climate change. The text for this work consists of narrative text by Paterson based on statements and statistics in McKibben's book,[17] as well as poems by Wendell Berry, James Joyce, Percy Bysshe Shelly and William Wordsworth and well-known quotes and aphorisms.

Selected Awards and Recognition[edit]

Discography[edit]

  • (2015) Eternal Reflections: Choral Music of Robert Paterson; American Modern Recordings
  • (2015) Powerhouse Pianists II: Works for Two Pianos; American Modern Recordings
  • (2014) Ars Nostra: Persona; Centaur Records
  • (2014) Gillian Maitland: Plocanan; Gillian Maitland
  • (2013) Robert Paterson: Winter Songs and other Vocal works; American Modern Recordings[37]
  • (2013) Guerrilla New Music: Great Noise Ensemble; CD Baby
  • (2012) Wood and Forest, Makoto Nakura, marimba; American Modern Recordings
  • (2012) Six Mallet Marimba, American Modern Ensemble; American Modern Recordings
  • (2012) Duo Scorpio: Scorpion Tales; American Modern Recordings[38]
  • (2011) The Book of Goddesses: MAYA, Clockwise and American Modern Ensemble; American Modern Recordings
  • (2010) Pimpin': Tongue and Groove: Jeremy Justeson, saxophone; American Modern Recordings
  • (2010) Star Crossing: Music of Robert Paterson; American Modern Recordings[39][40]
  • (2006) Jewish Roots – Music for Wind Quintet: Wind Quintet: Philharmonia Quintet, Kraców (Medialogic)
  • (2003) Society of Composers, Inc: Cornucopia; Capstone Records
  • (2000) Kesatuan: Figures in a Landscape; Centaur Records

Complete Works[edit]

All works are published by Bill Holab Music.

Opera[edit]

  • Three Way (2014-) (three one-act operas, first two acts completed. Includes "The Companion", "Safe Word" and the upcoming one-act "Masquerade")[41][42]
  • The Whole Truth (2015) (chamber opera in seven scenes)[43][44]

Orchestra/Chamber Orchestra/Sinfonietta[edit]

  • A New Eaarth (2012) (orchestra, chorus and narrator)[45]
  • Closet Full of Demons (2000–01)[46]
  • Dark Mountains (2011)[47][48]
  • Electric Lines (2002–03/04) for orchestra (Awarded the Louisville Orchestra Composition Contest prize in 2005.)[49][50]
  • Enlightened City (2005)[51]
  • I See You (2015) (string orchestra and recording)[52][53]
  • Slightly Comic Overture (1995–96)[54]
  • Suite for String Orchestra (2001)[55]
  • Symphony in Three Movements (2002)[56]

Symphonic Band/Wind Ensemble[edit]

  • Crimson Earth (1997–99/2004)[57]
  • Firecracker Alley (2013–14)[58]

Choral[edit]

  • A Dream Within A Dream (2010)[59][60]
  • Did You Hear? (2010)[61]
  • Eternal Reflections (2010)[62]
  • Four Walden Canons (1999)[63]
  • Life is But a Dream (2010)[64]
  • Snow Day (2014)[65]
  • Suite from A New Eaarth (2012) (chorus with piano)[66]
  • The Essence of Gravity (2004–05)[67][68]

Vocal Chamber[edit]

  • CAPTCHA (2013) for baritone and piano[69][70]
  • Eating Variations (2006) for baritone, flute, clarinet, violin, cello and percussion[71]
  • Ghost Theater (2013) for two female singers, large chamber ensemble and optional film[72]
  • Batter's Box (2005) for tenor and piano[73]
  • The Biographies of Solitude (1990) for soprano, viola and cello[74]
  • Thursday (1999) for soprano and piano[75]
  • Winter Songs (2000/2007–08) for bass-baritone and sextet[76]

Mixed Chamber[edit]

  • Eating Variations (2006) for baritone, flute, clarinet, violin, cello and percussion[71]
  • Embracing the Wind (1999) for flute, viola and harp[77][78]
  • Freya’s Tears (2010–11) for violin and harp[79]
  • Hell's Kitchen (2014) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion, piano[80]
  • Looney Tunes (2006–07) for flute, saxophone, violin, cello, electric guitar, electric bass, percussion and piano[81]
  • Pegasus (2013) for flute and harp[82]
  • Quintus (1996) for clarinet, violin, cello, marimba and piano[83] (Awarded the Society of New Music's Brian Israel Prize in 1999.)
  • Scorpion Tales (2012) for two harps[84]
  • Sextet (1999) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion and piano[85] (Awarded the ASCAP Morton Gould Young Composer's Award in 2000.)
  • Skylights (2000) for clarinet, violin, cello and piano[86]
  • Shard (2013) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion and piano (in-progress)[87]
  • Star Crossing (1999) for flute, clarinet, percussion and piano[88] (Awarded the Tampa Bay Composers Forum First Prize for Excellence in Chamber Music Composition in 2001.)
  • Sun Trio (1995), for violin, cello and piano (movement II from Sun Trio)[89] (Awarded the Finger Lakes Chamber Ensemble New Music Competition award in 2001.)
  • The Book of Goddesses (2010), for flute, harp and percussion[90] (Awarded the Classical Recording Foundation "Composer of The Year" award in 2011.)
  • The Thin Ice of Your Fragile Mind (2004) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion and piano[91]
  • Up North (1994) for clarinet, violin, cello, percussion and piano[92]
  • Winter Songs (2000/2007–08) for bass-baritone and sextet[93]

Woodwind[edit]

  • Elegy (2006–07) for two bassoons and piano[94]
  • Sonata for Bassoon and Piano (2001)[95]
  • Wind Quintet (2000/2003–04)[96]

Brass[edit]

  • Expressions (1989) for trumpet and piano[97]
  • Fanfare (1997) for trumpet sextet[98]
  • Fantasia (1997) for tuba and marimba[99]
  • Overture for Brass Quintet (1990)[100]
  • Shine for Brass Quintet (2015)[101][102]

Strings[edit]

  • Elegy (2006–07/2008) for two cellos and piano (transcription of work for two bassoons and piano)[103]
  • Sonata No. 1 for Violin and Piano (2003), (awarded the Auros Group for New Music Eight Annual Competition prize in 2005)[104]
  • String Quartet No. 1 (1996–97), awarded the ASCAP Morton Gould Young Composers Award in 1998[105]

Percussion[edit]

  • Christmas Time (1990) for keyboard percussion ensemble (Christmas medley)[106]
  • Excerptia Overture (1991) for keyboard percussion ensemble (percussion excerpt medley)[107]
  • Helter Skelter (1984) for percussion quartet[108]
  • Humanus Ex Machina (1989) for percussion ensemble[109]
  • Komodo (2004) for solo marimba (uses six-mallets)[110]
  • Mandala (2012) for two marimbas[111]
  • Merry Go Round (1988–90) for solo marimba (uses six-mallets)[112]
  • Piranha (2007) for solo marimba (uses six-mallets)[113]
  • Postludes Nos. 1-3 (1990–93) for solo marimba (uses six-mallets)[114]
  • Prison Cell (1989/2008) for two percussionists[115]
  • Sabulum Reptilia (1985) for percussion ensemble[116]
  • Stealing Thunder (1999–2000) for percussion ensemble and recording[117]
  • That's Amore (1992) for keyboard percussion ensemble (arrangement of Dean Martin song That's Amore)[118]
  • Voices (1988) for 12 clappers[119]

Marimba with one instrument[edit]

  • Braids (1998/2000) for violin and marimba (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Clarinatrix (2011)for bass clarinet and marimba (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Duo for Flute and Marimba (1998–99) (uses four, five and six-mallets)[120]
  • Fantasia for Tuba & Marimba (1992) (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Links & Chains (1996/2000 )for violin and marimba (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Stillness (2011) for oboe and marimba (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Tongue and Groove (2008–09) for alto saxophone and marimba (uses six-mallets)[120]
  • Tongue and Groove (2009) for alto saxophone and marimba (uses four-mallets)[120]

Keyboard[edit]

  • Deep Blue Ocean (2010) for two pianos[121]
  • Joy Ride (2011) for solo piano[122]
  • Meditation (1997) for solo organ[123]
  • Variations & Fantasies on an Accordion Song (1995) for solo piano[124]

Film[edit]

  • Journey Into Courage Film Score/Suite (1994–95)[125] (percussion part uses six-mallets)[126]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edelstein, Paula. "Musica Sacra performs works by Robert Paterson on ‘Eternal Reflections’". AXS. AXS. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Rosenberg, Donald, Eternal Reflections review, Gramophone, July, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Schulslaper, Robert, Giving a Voice to American Music: A Conversation with Composer Robert Paterson, Fanfare Magazine, March 28, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Roka, Les, Backstage at Utah Arts Festival 2014: ‘Hell’s Kitchen,’ ‘Jura,’ ‘Drum’ highlight new music, dance commissions, The Utah Review, June 25, 2014.
  5. ^ ASCAP, Winter, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 3015.
  6. ^ a b "Robert Paterson: Edward Mallethands". NewMusicBox. 
  7. ^ "Robert Paterson - New Music USA". newmusicusa.org. 
  8. ^ Jones, Timothy, A Survey of Artists and Literature Employing Extended Multiple Mallets in Keyboard Percussion; Its Evolution, Resulting Techniques and Pedagogical Guide, Doctoral Dissertation, College of Fine Arts, Graduate College, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, August 2003, p. 15.
  9. ^ Paterson, Robert. "WHY I PLAY A DEMORROW MARIMBA". Robert Paterson. Retrieved 7 August 2015.  Text " Composer" ignored (help)
  10. ^ Faculty and Staff (Past Faculty and Staff), The Walden School. Retrieved July 2, 3015.
  11. ^ Theory and Composition Faculty, Rocky RIdge Music Center. Retrieved July 2, 3015.
  12. ^ Kaminer, Michael, 'The buzz, In Person: In Tune, Interview with Robert Paterson', Vegetarian Times, October, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 3015.
  13. ^ Green, Susan (April 29, 2012). "‘A New Eaarth’ brings together music, activism". Burlington Free Press. Retrieved July 2, 2015. 
  14. ^ Smith, Ken, The composer's own ensemble in a broadly influenced work, Gramophone, December, 2011.
  15. ^ Nugent, Patricia, Digging The Dieties, Organic Spa Magazine, November-December, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  16. ^ "Robert Paterson". billholabmusic.com. 
  17. ^ a b c "Vt Today". vttoday.com. 
  18. ^ Carey, Christian, Robert Paterson: Marimba Plus Six Mallets, Sequenza21, November 13, 2012. Retrieved July 2. 2015.
  19. ^ Greene, Dan. Catchy Tunes: A concert features a tenor's take on Mike Piazza and other sports notes, Sports Illustrated, March 12, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Akademia Muzyczna w Krakowie". amuz.krakow.pl. 
  21. ^ Smith, Steve, Composers Explain Whys and Wherefores, The New York Times, March 26, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  22. ^ The Zen Cart® Team and others. "Wind Quintet - Score and Parts". billholabmusic.com. 
  23. ^ da Fonseca-Wollheim, Corinna, Robert Paterson: ‘Winter Songs and Other Vocal Works’, The New York Times, December 11, 2013
  24. ^ Author Unknown, Techman Texts: From passwords to piece of music, Pittsburgh Post Gazette, December 2, 2013.
  25. ^ [Weuste, David, https://www.operapulse.com/opera-reviews/2014/05/09/fort-worth-opera-frontiers-showcase/ Fort Worth Opera — Frontiers Showcase, Opera Pulse, May 09, 2014.] Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  26. ^ Lane, Chester, Music for Vermont Youth: Domoto’s New Challenge, Symphony NOW, May 16, 2012. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  27. ^ AOP Composers & The Voice Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  28. ^ The Classical Recording Foundation Honors Robert Paterson and Arlene Sierra with Composer of the Year Awards, ASCAP, November 23, 2011. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  29. ^ BWW News Desk, Robert Paterson's Song Cycle Performed By American Modern Ensemble 3/1, Broadway World, May 1, 2012. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  30. ^ List of Composers Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  31. ^ What The Residence Say. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  32. ^ a b c d e External Awards, Eastman School of Music. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  33. ^ Quintet News Quintet of the Americas site. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  34. ^ Einbond, Aaron, Choral Music Review: For the Home Team, San Francisco Classical Voice, May 09, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  35. ^ FInger Lakes Chamber Ensemble: New Music Project. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  36. ^ Society for New Music. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  37. ^ Fonseca-Wollheim, Corrina, Robert Paterson: 'Winter Songs and Other Vocal Works', The New York Times, December 11, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  38. ^ Sheridan, Molly, Sounds Heard: Duo Scorpion—Scorpion Tales, Sequenza21, October 16, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  39. ^ Batzner, Jay, Paterson: Star Crossing, Sequenza21, May 12, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  40. ^ Coombs, Daniel, Robert Paterson: ‘Star Crossing’ – American Modern Ensemble – American Modern Recordings, November 21, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
  41. ^ American Opera Projects, Project: Three Way. Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  42. ^ Three Way. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  43. ^ [Tischler, Gary, http://www.georgetowner.com/articles/2015/feb/20/robert-paterson-and-whole-truth-comic-opera-affair/ Robert Paterson and 'The Whole Truth': a Comic Opera Affair, The Georgetowner, February 20, 2015.] Retrieved July 04, 2015.
  44. ^ Paterson, Robert, The Whole Truth. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  45. ^ Paterson, Robert, A New Eaarth. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  46. ^ Paterson, Robert, Closet Full of Demons. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  47. ^ Paterson, Robert, Dark Mountains. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  48. ^ Quenton, Luke, Review: Austin Symphony Orchestra with Gabriela Montero, Austin 360, May 20, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  49. ^ Paterson, Robert, Electric Lines. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  50. ^ Thurmaier, David, Review: Robert Paterson, Symposium, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  51. ^ Paterson, Robert, Enlightened City. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  52. ^ Paterson, Robert, I See You. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  53. ^ Pelkonen, Paul J., Concert Review: Put Them Together, and What Have You Got?, Super Conductor, January 16, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  54. ^ Paterson, Robert, Slightly Comic Overture. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  55. ^ Paterson, Robert, Suite for String Orchestra. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  56. ^ Paterson, Robert, Symphony In Three Movements. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  57. ^ Paterson, Robert, Crimson Earth. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  58. ^ Paterson, Robert, Firecracker Alley. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  59. ^ Paterson, Robert, A Dream Within A Dream. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  60. ^ [Ritter, Steven, Paterson, “Eternal Reflections” – Robert Paterson: Eternal Reflections; Choral Suite from A New Eaarth; Lux Aeterna; The Essence of Gravity; Snow Day; Did You Hear?; Life is But a Dream; A Dream Within a Dream – Musica Sacra/ Kent Tritle – American Modern Recordings, Audiophile Audition, April 17, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  61. ^ Paterson, Robert, Did You Hear?. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  62. ^ Paterson, Robert, Eternal Reflections. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  63. ^ Paterson, Robert, Four Walden Canons. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  64. ^ Paterson, Robert, Life is But a Dream. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  65. ^ Robert, Snow Day. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  66. ^ Paterson, Robert, Suite From A New Eaarth. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  67. ^ Paterson, Robert, The Essence of Gravity. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  68. ^ [Einbond, Aaron, Choral Music Review: For The Home Team, San Francisco Classical Voice, May 9, 2005. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  69. ^ Paterson, Robert, CAPTCHA. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  70. ^ [Ritter, Steven, http://audaud.com/2014/01/winter-songs-and-other-vocal-works-robert-paterson-captcha-winter-songs-eating-variations-thursday-batters-box-jesse-blumberg-bar-blair-mcmillen-p-dav/ Winter Songs and other vocal works..., Audiophile Audition, January 1, 2014.] Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  71. ^ a b Paterson, Robert, Eating Variations. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  72. ^ Paterson, Robert, Ghost Theater. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  73. ^ Paterson, Robert, Batter's Box. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  74. ^ Paterson, Robert, The Biographies of Solitude. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  75. ^ Paterson, Robert, Thursday. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  76. ^ Songs, Paterson, Robert, Winter Songs. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  77. ^ Paterson, Robert, Embracing The Wind. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  78. ^ Jaxon, Elizabeth (May 15, 2015). "Composer Connection". Harp Column (May/June 2015): 27. 
  79. ^ Paterson, Robert, Freyas Tears. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  80. ^ Paterson, Robert, Hell's Kitchen. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  81. ^ Paterson, Robert, Looney Tunes. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  82. ^ Paterson, Robert, Pegasus. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  83. ^ Paterson, Robert, Quintus. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  84. ^ Paterson, Robert, Scorpion Tales. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  85. ^ Paterson, Robert, Sextet. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  86. ^ Paterson, Robert, Skylights. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  87. ^ Paterson, Robert, Shard. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  88. ^ Paterson, Robert, Star Crossing. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  89. ^ Paterson, Robert, Sun Trio. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  90. ^ Paterson, Robert, The Book of Goddesses. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  91. ^ Paterson, Robert, The Thin Ice of Your Fragile Mind. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  92. ^ Paterson, Robert, Up North. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  93. ^ Paterson, Robert, Winter Songs. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  94. ^ Paterson, Robert, Elegy for Two Bassoons and Piano. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  95. ^ Paterson, Robert, Sonata for Bassoon and Piano. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  96. ^ Paterson, Robert, Wind Quintet. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  97. ^ Paterson, Robert, Expressions for Trumpet and Piano. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  98. ^ Paterson, Robert, Fanfare for Trumpet Sextet. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  99. ^ Paterson, Robert, Fantasia for Tuba and Marimba. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  100. ^ Paterson, Robert, Overture for Brass Quintet. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  101. ^ Steiman, Harvey. "Review: A good day in Aspen for violinists and violin lovers". The Aspen Times. Swift Communications, Inc. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  102. ^ Steiman, Harvey. "Aspen 8: A Day with Violin in the Spotlight". Seen and Heard International. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  103. ^ Paterson, Robert, Elegy for Two Cellos and Piano. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  104. ^ Paterson, Robert, Sonata No. 1 for Violin and Piano. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  105. ^ Paterson, Robert, String Quartet No. 1. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  106. ^ Paterson, Robert, Christmas Time. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  107. ^ Paterson, Robert, Excerptia Overture. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  108. ^ Paterson, Robert, Helter Skelter. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  109. ^ Paterson, Robert, Humanus Ex Machina. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  110. ^ Paterson, Robert, Komodo. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  111. ^ Paterson, Robert, Mandala. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  112. ^ Paterson, Robert, Merry Go Round. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  113. ^ Paterson, Robert, Piranha. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  114. ^ Paterson, Robert, Postludes Nos. 1-3. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  115. ^ Paterson, Robert, Prison Cell. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  116. ^ Paterson, Robert, Sabulum Reptilia. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  117. ^ Paterson, Robert, Stealing Thunder. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  118. ^ Paterson, Robert, That's Amore. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  119. ^ Paterson, Robert, voices. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  120. ^ a b c d e f g h Batzner, Jay. "Two marimba discs from American Modern". Sequenza21. Retrieved July 6, 2005. 
  121. ^ Paterson, Robert, Deep Blue Ocean. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  122. ^ Paterson, Robert, Joy RIde. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  123. ^ Paterson, Robert, Meditation. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  124. ^ Paterson, Robert, Variations and Fantasies on an Accordion Song. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  125. ^ O'Brien, Bess, Dorothy Tod, and Mary Arbuckle. Journey into Courage. Barnet, VT: Kingdom County Productions, 1995. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  126. ^ Paterson, Robert, Journey into Courage FIlm Score/Suite. Retrieved July 6, 2015.

External links[edit]