Robert Rait

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Sir Robert Rait
Principal of the University of Glasgow
In office
Preceded bySir Donald MacAlister
Succeeded bySir Hector Hetherington
Professor of Scottish History and Literature, Glasgow
In office
Preceded byNew Chair
Succeeded byJ. D. Mackie
Personal details
Born10 February 1874
Narborough, Leicestershire, England[1]
Died25 May 1936(1936-05-25) (aged 62)
Glasgow, Scotland
SpouseRuth Bridge
Alma materUniversity of Aberdeen
New College, Oxford

Sir Robert Sangster Rait CBE DL (10 February 1874 – 25 May 1936) was a Scottish historian, Historiographer Royal and Principal of the University of Glasgow.

Early life[edit]

Rait was born in 1874 in Narborough, Leicestershire to Scottish parents, although the family moved shortly afterwards to his parents' hometown of Aberdeen.[2][3] He was educated at the University of Aberdeen, graduating MA in 1894.[4] He then worked briefly as an assistant to the Professor of Logic at the University, publishing his first book, Universities of Aberdeen: A History, in 1895, before being elected to an Exhibition in Modern History at New College, Oxford in 1896. He was awarded First Class Honours, won the Stanhope Prize and was elected a Fellow of the College the same year. He worked as a lecturer at the College for three years, and in 1903 became a tutor.[4]


In 1913, Rait was appointed to the newly created Chair in Scottish History and Literature at the University of Glasgow, funded through the proceeds of the 1911 Scottish Exhibition of National History, Art, and Industry, held in the adjacent Kelvingrove Park. In this role he sought to engage more closely with students than was traditional for academics at the time, inviting students to tea at his home.[3] From 1915–1918 during the First World War, Rait worked at the War Trade Intelligence Department in London, and was appointed a CBE in 1918. In 1919, he was appointed Historiographer Royal of Scotland, also serving for a time as Dean of the Faculty of Arts in the University. He became a prominent figure in the intellectual and cultural life of the city, frequently contributing letters and articles to the Glasgow Herald, often anonymously.[3]

In 1929, Rait succeeded Sir Donald MacAlister as Principal of the University. In this role he sought continue the close relationship he had developed with students as a Professor, relocating the Principal's office to the Main Building of the University, where it remains today, making his time more freely available to students and staff, and frequently entertaining guests at the Principal's Lodging.[3] He was an immensely popular figure with students. After being knighted in 1933, he was met on his return from London to Glasgow Central station by hundreds of students and escorted to the University in a carriage drawn by Blues and led by the band of the OTC.[3]

The depression of the 1930s had a heavy effect on the University financially and on the Principal's health. In September 1935, he developed a serious illness, during which time he was largely unable to carry out his duties and was deputised at Court by the Rector, Sir Iain Colquhoun. He died at the Principal's Lodging on 25 May 1936.[3]


Rait's research generally maintained a Scottish focus, particularly with a reference to the politics of pre-Union Scotland and its relationship with England, although he also completed biographies of Field Marshal Viscount Gough and Field Marshal Sir Frederick Haines.


Personal life[edit]

Rait married Ruth Bridge in 1908, with whom he had two daughters. He was a member of the Athenæum in London, the Glasgow Art Club, the Western Club, Glasgow and the University Club, Edinburgh. His interests included walking, cycling and fishing.


  1. ^ 1911 England Census
  2. ^ 1881 Scotland Census
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Sir Robert Sangster Rait". Gateway to Archives of Scottish Higher Education. 3 September 2002. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Sir Robert Rait". The Montreal Gazette. 8 July 1936. Retrieved 24 February 2010.

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Chair established
Professor of Scottish History and Literature, Glasgow
1913 to 1930
Succeeded by
Preceded by Principal and Vice-Chancellor
of the University of Glasgow

1929 to 1936
Succeeded by
Court offices
Preceded by Historiographer Royal
1919 to 1930
Succeeded by