Reed in 1971
|Born||John Robert Rietz, Jr.
October 19, 1932
Highland Park, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||May 12, 1992
Pasadena, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Colon Cancer complications due to HIV|
|Resting place||Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Education||Central High School|
|Alma mater||Northwestern University
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
|Occupation||Actor, television director|
|Spouse(s)||Marilyn Rosenberger (m. 1954; div. 1959)|
Robert Reed (October 19, 1932 – May 12, 1992) was an American stage, film, and television actor.
From 1961 to 1965, he portrayed Kenneth Preston on the popular legal drama, The Defenders, alongside E. G. Marshall. He is best known as the father Mike Brady, opposite Florence Henderson's Carol Brady, on the ABC sitcom The Brady Bunch, which aired from 1969 to 1974. He reprised the role of Mike Brady in later reunion programs. In 1976, he earned two Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his guest-starring role in a two-part episode of Medical Center and for his work on the miniseries Rich Man, Poor Man. The following year, Reed earned a third Emmy nomination for his role in the miniseries Roots.
Reed was born John Robert Rietz, Jr., in the northern Chicago suburb of Highland Park, Illinois. He was the only child of Helen (née Teaverbaugh) and John Robert Rietz, Sr., who were high school sweethearts and married at 18. Reed attended the West Division School in Community Consolidated School District 62 until 1939. His father worked for the government, and his mother was a homemaker. Reed spent his later childhood years in Muskogee, Oklahoma, as well as Navasota, Texas. In Oklahoma, his father, John Sr., worked as a turkey and cattle farmer.
In his youth, Reed joined the 4-H agricultural club and showed calves, but was more interested in acting and music. While attending Central High School in Muskogee, he participated in both activities. Reed also took to the stage, where he performed and sang. He also worked as a radio announcer at local radio stations and wrote and produced radio dramas. Reed graduated from Muskogee Central in 1950, and enrolled at Northwestern University to study drama. During his years at Northwestern, Reed appeared in several plays under the direction of Alvina Krause, a celebrated Northwestern drama coach. Reed performed in more than eight plays in college, all with leading roles.
He later studied for one term at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. Upon returning to the United States, Reed appeared in summer stock in Eagles Mere, Pennsylvania. He later joined the off-Broadway theatre group "The Shakespearewrights", and played Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and had a lead role in A Midsummer Night's Dream. After leaving the Shakespearewrights, Reed joined the Studebaker Theatre company in Chicago. He eventually adopted the stage name Robert Reed and moved to Los Angeles in the late 1950s to further pursue his acting career.
Reed made his first guest-starring appearance in an episode of Father Knows Best in 1959. This led to guest roles on Men into Space and Lawman, as well as his first credited film appearance in Bloodlust!. In 1961, Reed landed his first television starring role in The Defenders alongside fellow Studebaker Theater performer E.G. Marshall, with the two playing a father and son team of defense attorneys. Marshall was also one of the founding members of the Actors Studio in New York; around this time, Reed himself became a member of the Studio which he would remain a member of the next 30 years. The Defenders was a hit with audiences and earned a total of 22 Primetime Emmy Award nominations (E.G. Marshall won two Emmys for his performance while the show won twice for Outstanding Drama Series). Ratings for the series were high during its first three seasons, but fell when CBS moved the series from Saturday nights to Thursday nights. CBS canceled The Defenders in 1965.
While appearing on The Defenders in 1964, Reed made his Broadway stage debut as Paul Bratter in Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park, replacing Robert Redford. For the remainder of the decade, Reed appeared primarily in television guest spots, including roles in Family Affair, Ironside, The Mod Squad, and Bob Hope Presents The Chrysler Theatre. He also appeared in the 1968 film Star! and in the Broadway production of Avanti!.
The Brady Bunch
Appearing in the Neil Simon play Barefoot in the Park led to two new contracts at Paramount Studios and ABC, both in 1968. When Paramount had decided to turn the television version of Barefoot in the Park into a predominantly African-American show, they planned for Reed to star in something else. The new series was entitled The Brady Bunch and featured a widowed man with three children from a previous marriage, marrying a widow, also with three children from a previous marriage. The show's creator, Sherwood Schwartz, said he was inspired to create the show after reading a news item in the Los Angeles Times stating that "more than 29 percent of all marriages included a child or children from a previous marriage". Schwartz thought the idea was "[...] the key to a new and unusual TV series. It was a revelation! The first blended family! His kids and her kids! Together!"
Reed was the producers' second choice for the role of Mike Brady, after Gene Hackman was rejected because he was too unfamiliar at the time. Also starring on The Brady Bunch was actress Florence Henderson, who played the role of Mike's wife Carol Brady after her best friend Shirley Jones turned down the role in favor of The Partridge Family. Also cast on the show was Ann B. Davis as the Bradys' maid Alice Nelson. Despite earning poor reviews from critics and never cracking the Top 30 during its five-season run, The Brady Bunch remained an audience favorite of the 1970s. Since its cancellation in 1974, the show has led a healthy afterlife in syndication and spawned several spin-off series and two television reunion movies.
From the show's debut in September 1969, Reed was unhappy with his role as Mike Brady. He felt that acting in the often silly sitcom was beneath his serious Shakespearean training. Producers and directors found Reed difficult to work with both on and off the set; the cast, however, got along well with him. In his efforts to bring more realism to the show, Reed often locked horns with the show's creator and executive producer in Schwartz. Reed regularly presented Schwartz with hand-written memoranda detailing why a certain character's motivation did not make sense or why it was wrong to combine elements of farce and satire. Schwartz generally ignored Reed's suggestions, although in an attempt to alleviate tension, Reed was allowed to direct some episodes. In a 1983 interview, Reed admitted that he often butted heads with Schwartz, stating, "We fought over the scripts. Always over the scripts. The producer, Sherwood Schwartz, had done Gilligan's Island...Just gag lines. That would have been what The Brady Bunch would have been if I hadn't protested."
Reed was particularly appalled by what would turn out to be the show's final episode, "The Hair-Brained Scheme". He sent Schwartz a memo picking apart the episode, but Schwartz did not receive the memo promptly enough to change the show as Reed wanted. As a result, Reed refused to appear in the episode altogether. Though Schwartz had decided to replace Reed if the series were picked up for a sixth season, the show ended up being cancelled shortly thereafter. Reed later indicated he took the role for financial reasons, but tried to remain positive despite his creative differences with Schwartz by reminding himself the series was primarily about the children. Reed masked his dissatisfaction in front of the camera, always performing professionally without any indication of his unhappiness. Despite his discontent with the show, Reed genuinely liked his co-stars and was a father figure to the younger cast members. Co-star Susan Olsen became friends with Reed's daughter Karen, who made a guest appearance in the episode "The Slumber Caper". Reed's final appearance in the series was in the penultimate episode, "The Hustler". His final line in that episode was "Now I can get my car in the garage."
During the run of The Brady Bunch, Reed also had a recurring role as Lieutenant Adam Tobias on Mannix, from 1969 to 1975, and typically appeared in three to five Mannix episodes each season. He also directed several episodes of The Brady Bunch during its run.
After the end of The Brady Bunch in 1974, Reed acted on the stage and made guest star appearances on other television shows and television movies, including Pray for the Wildcats and SST: Death Flight. He won critical acclaim for his portrayal of Pat Caddison, a doctor who wants to undergo a sex change operation, in a two-part episode of Medical Center in 1975. The episode also earned him a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. Reed appeared in the television film The Boy in the Plastic Bubble (1976), the 1976 miniseries Rich Man, Poor Man, and the 1977 miniseries Roots. Reed was again nominated for an Emmy for his work in Rich Man, Poor Man and Roots. He also guest-starred on Wonder Woman, Hawaii Five-O, Charlie's Angels, Galactica 1980, and Vega$.
In 1981, Reed won the lead role of Dr. Adam Rose on the medical drama Nurse. Despite being critically acclaimed, the series was canceled the following year. In 1986, he played the role of Lloyd Kendall on the daytime soap opera Search for Tomorrow. He also made multiple appearances on Fantasy Island, Hunter, The Love Boat, and Murder, She Wrote.
Despite his dislike of The Brady Bunch, Reed continued to appear in Brady Bunch spin-offs and sequels for the remainder of his career. In 1976, Reed reprised the role of Mike Brady in the variety show The Brady Bunch Hour, the 1981 television film, The Brady Girls Get Married, and the 1988 television film A Very Brady Christmas. Also in 1988, he guest-starred as Mike Brady in "A Very Brady Episode" of the NBC sitcom Day by Day. In 1989, Reed reteamed with his Brady Bunch co-star Henderson in a guest-starring role on the sitcom Free Spirit. In 1990, he reprised the role of Mike Brady for the final time in the drama series, The Bradys. The series was canceled after six episodes. Reed made his last onscreen appearance in the April 1992 episode of Jake and the Fatman, "Ain't Misbehavin'".
Reed was gay but kept this fact private, fearing it would damage his career. In July 1954, Reed married fellow Northwestern student Marilyn Rosenberger. The couple had one daughter, Karen, before divorcing in 1959.
After his death, Reed's Brady Bunch co-stars – most notably Barry Williams and Henderson – publicly acknowledged Reed's sexual orientation, and admitted that most of the cast and crew of The Brady Bunch were aware, but they did not discuss it with Reed. Williams said, "Robert didn't want to go there. I don't think he talked about it with anyone. I just don't think it was a discussion – period."
In November 1991, Reed was diagnosed with colon cancer. When he became ill, he allowed only his daughter and his close friend actress Anne Haney and Josh Miller to visit him. Haney later said of Reed, "He came from the old school, where people had a sense of decorum. He went the way he wanted to, without publicity." Weeks before his death, Reed called Henderson and asked her to inform the rest of The Brady Bunch cast that he was terminally ill. He died on May 12, 1992, at Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena, California, at age 59.
Reed's death was initially attributed solely to cancer, but details from his death certificate were made public revealing that Reed was HIV positive. It is unknown when Reed contracted HIV because he kept his condition private, telling only a few close friends. While Reed did not have AIDS at the time of his death, his doctor listed his HIV-positive status as a "significant condition[s] that contributed to death" on the death certificate.
|1957||Pal Joey||Boy Friend||Uncredited|
|1967||Hurry Sundown||Lars Finchley|
|1969||Journey into Darkness||Hank Prentiss||Segment: "The New People"|
|1969||The Maltese Bippy||Lt. Tim Crane|
|1991||Prime Target||Agent Harrington|
|1959||Make Room for Daddy||Airline Pilot||Episode: "Terry Comes Home"|
|1959||Father Knows Best||Tom Cameron||Episode: "The Impostor"|
|1960||Men into Space||Russell Smith||Episode: "Earthbound"|
|1960||Bronco||Tom Fuller||Episode: "Volunteers from Aberdeen"|
|1960||Lawman||Jim Malone||Episode: "Left Hand of the Law"|
|1961||Tallahassee 7000||Episode: "Hostage"|
|1961–1965||The Defenders||Kenneth Preston||132 episodes|
|1965||Dr. Kildare||Judd Morrison||6 episodes|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Lt. Chris Callahan||Episode: "The Admiral"|
|1966||Preview Tonight||Lieutenant John Leahy||Episode: "Somewhere in Italy... Company B!"|
|1966||Operation Razzle-Dazzle||Lieutenant John Leahy||Television movie|
|1966||Family Affair||Julian Hill||Episode: "Think Deep"|
|1966||My Husband Tom...and John||John||Unaired preview film for Paramount|
|1967||Li'l Abner||Senator Cod||Unsold pilot|
|1967||Hondo||Frank Davis||Episode: "Hondo and the Superstition Massacre"|
|1967||Ironside||Jerry Pearson||Episode: "Light at the End of the Journey"|
|1968||Journey to the Unknown||Hank Prentiss||Episode: "The New People"|
|1968–1975||Mannix||Lt. Adam Tobias||22 episodes|
|1969–1974||The Brady Bunch||Mike Brady||116 episodes|
|1969–1971||Love, American Style||Various roles||4 episodes|
|1971||The City||Sealy Graham||Television movie|
|1972||Assignment: Munich||Doug "Mitch" Mitchell||Television movie|
|1972||The Mod Squad||Jerry Silver||Episode: "The Connection"|
|1972||Haunts of the Very Rich||Reverend John Fellows||Television movie|
|1972||Mission: Impossible||Assistant D.A. Arthur Reynolds||Episode: "Hit"|
|1973||Snatched||Frank McCloy||Television movie|
|1973||Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law||Episode: "They've Got to Blame Somebody"|
|1973||Intertect||Blake Hollister||Television movie|
|1973||The Man Who Could Talk to Kids||Tom Lassiter||Television movie|
|1973||The World of Sid & Marty Krofft at the Hollywood Bowl||Audience member||Television special (Uncredited)|
|1974||Pray for the Wildcats||Paul McIlvain||Television movie|
|1974||Chase||Dr. Playter||Episode: "Remote Control"|
|1974||Harry O||Paul Virdon||Episode: "Accounts Balanced"|
|1975||The Secret Night Caller||Freddy Durant||Television movie|
|1975||Medical Center||Dr. Pat Caddison||Episode: "The Fourth Sex" (parts 1 and 2)|
|1975||McCloud||Jason Carter||Episode: "Fire!"|
|1976||The Streets of San Francisco||Dr. Arnold Stephen||Episode: "The Honorable Profession"|
|1976||Jigsaw John||Alan Bellamy||Episode: "Promise to Kill"|
|1976||Wonder Woman||Fallon, the "Falcon"||Episode: "The Pluto File"|
|1976||Rich Man, Poor Man||Teddy Boylan||Miniseries|
|1976||Law and Order||Aaron Levine||Television movie|
|1976||Lanigan's Rabbi||Morton Galen||Pilot episode|
|1976||Nightmare in Badham County||Supt. Dancer||Television movie|
|1976||The Boy in the Plastic Bubble||Johnny Lubitch||Television movie|
|1976||Revenge for a Rape||Sheriff Paley||Television movie|
|1976–1977||The Brady Bunch Hour||Mike Brady||9 episodes|
|1977||Roots||Dr. William Reynolds||Miniseries|
|1977||Kit Carson and the Mountain Men||Capt. John C. Frémont||Television movie|
|1977||The Wonderful World of Disney||Capt. John C. Frémont||2 episodes|
|1977||The Love Boat II||Stephen Palmer||Television movie|
|1977||SST: Death Flight||Captain Jim Walsh||Television movie|
|1977||Barnaby Jones||DeWitt Robinson||Episode: "Death Beat"|
|1977||The Hunted Lady||Dr. Arthur Sills||Television movie|
|1977–1986||The Love Boat||Various roles||6 episodes|
|1978||The Runaways||David McKay||4 episodes|
|1978||Thou Shalt Not Commit Adultery||Jack Kimball||Television movie|
|1978||Bud and Lou||Alan Randall||Television movie|
|1978–1979||Vega$||Various roles||2 episodes|
|1978–1983||Fantasy Island||Leo Drake||2 episodes|
|1979||The Paper Chase||Professor Howard||Episode: "Once More with Feeling"|
|1979||Love's Savage Fury||Commander Marston||Television movie|
|1979||Hawaii Five-O||Various roles||2 episodes|
|1979||The Seekers||Daniel Clapper||Television movie|
|1980||Galactica 1980||Dr. Donald Mortinson||3 episodes|
|1980||Nurse||Dr. Kenneth Rose||Television movie|
|1980||Charlie's Angels||Glenn Staley||2 episodes|
|1981||The Brady Girls Get Married||Mike Brady||Television movie|
|1981||Death of a Centerfold: The Dorothy Stratten Story||David Palmer||Television movie|
|1981–1982||Nurse||Dr. Adam Rose||25 episodes|
|1982||ABC Afterschool Specials||Henry Forbes||Episode: "Between Two Loves"|
|1983–1986||Hotel||Various roles||3 episodes|
|1984||The Mississippi||Tyler Marshall||Episode: "Abigail"|
|1984||Matt Houston||Bradley Denholm||Episode: "Stolen"|
|1984||Cover Up||Martin Dunbar||Episode: "A Subtle Seduction"|
|1985||Finder of Lost Loves||Tim Sanderson||Episode: "From the Heart"|
|1985||International Airport||Carl Roberts||Television movie|
|1985||Glitter||Episode: "Suddenly Innocent"|
|1986||Crazy like a Fox||Episode: "Just Another Fox in the Crowd"|
|1986||Search for Tomorrow||Lloyd Kendall||2 episodes|
|1987||Hunter||Judge Warren Unger||3 episodes|
|1987||Duet||Jim Phillips||2 episodes|
|1987, 1992||Jake and the Fatman||Various roles||2 episodes; final appearance|
|1988||"Murder She Wrote"||Jackson||Episode; "Murder Through The Looking Glass"|
|1988||The Law & Harry McGraw||Episode: "Beware the Ides of May"|
|1988||A Very Brady Christmas||Mike Brady||Television movie|
|1989||Day by Day||Mike Brady||Episode: "A Very Brady Episode"|
|1989||Free Spirit||Albert Stillman||Episode: "The New Secretary"|
|1990||The Bradys||Mike Brady||6 episodes|
|Year||Award||Category||Title of work|
|1976||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Lead Actor for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series||Medical Center (For episode "The Fourth Sex: Parts 1&2")|
|1976||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Continuing Performance by a Supporting Actor in a Drama Series||Rich Man, Poor Man|
|1977||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Single Performance by a Supporting Actor in a Comedy or Drama Series||Roots (For part V)|
- "Biography: Robert Reed". The Biography Channel. A+E Television Networks, LLC. p. 1. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Robert Reed: Biography". TV Guide. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Wilson, Earl (September 18, 1963). "Robert Reed: He's An Okie, But He Just Reeks Of Chic—Cattle And All". St. Petersburg Times. p. 10-D. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Freeman, Don (May 30, 1978). "How They Shook the Okie Out of Robert Reed". The Evening News. p. 9A. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "'Serious Problem' Says Robert Reed". The Dispatch. May 13, 1978. p. 12. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Senn, Bryan (October 29, 2013). The Most Dangerous Cinema: People Hunting People on Film. McFarland. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-7864-3562-3. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "Robert Reed, Actor Who Gained Fame As Patriarch Of 'The Brady Bunch'". The Seattle Times. AP. May 14, 1992. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Robert Reed Tutored By Noted Drama Coach". The Schenectady Gazette. July 24, 1971. p. 18. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Senn, Bryan (2013). The Most Dangerous Cinema: People Hunting People on Film. McFarland. p. 40. ISBN 0-786-43562-3.
- Evans, Kay (May 3, 1962). "Robert Reed Got Start On 'Father Knows Best' Show". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 70. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Folkart, Burt A. (May 14, 1992). "Robert Reed, TV's 'Brady Bunch' dad, dies at 59". The News-Journal. p. 2A. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Bacon, James (April 25, 1965). "With 'Defenders' Over, Reed Looks For Film Role". Ocala Star-Banner. p. 22. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Lyons, Leonard (November 5, 1964). "Hoover Reportedly Considered He Might Return to Top Spot". Lawrence Journal-World. p. 4. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (July 12, 2011). "Sherwood Schwartz, The Brady Bunch Creator, Dies". People. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Ryan, Joel (July 12, 2011). "RIP, Sherwood Schwartz: Five Things You Didn't Know About Brady Bunch, Gilligan's Island Creator". E! Online. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Warren, Roz (September 1, 2013). "Thanks For Sharing, Shirley!". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- McLellan, Dennis (July 13, 2011). "Sherwood Schwartz dies at 94; 'Gilligan's Island' and 'Brady Bunch' creator". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Thompson, Robert (July 13, 2011). "Remembering Sherwood Schwartz -- The Genius Behind 'Gilligan's Island' and 'The Brady Bunch'". Fox News. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Gates, Anita (July 12, 2011). "Sherwood Schwartz, Creator of Gilligan and the Bradys, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Robert Reed, 'Brady Bunch' dad dies at 59". The Tuscaloosa News. AP. May 14, 1992. p. 3D. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Kronke, David (May 20, 2000). "Keep Your Hands to Yourself, Kids". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Heldenfels, R.D. (May 16, 1992). "Robert Reed struggled in vain to make 'Brady Bunch' better". The Daily Gazette. p. B12. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Actor Reed dies at 59". Sun-Journal. May 14, 1992. p. 9. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Sassone, Bob (December 30, 2007). "Here's the story, of a man named Brady, who hated the show's scripts". AOL TV. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Schwartz, Sherwood; Schwartz, Lloyd J. (2010). Brady Brady Brady: The Complete Story of the Brady Bunch as Told by the Father - Son Team Who Really Know. Running Press. pp. 204–205. ISBN 0-762-43962-9.
- "Robert Reed Is a Man of Determination". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. August 11, 1972. p. 9-B. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Downtown: The Real 'Mike Brady'". ABC News. January 6, 2006. p. 2. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Schwartz 2010 p.134
- Beck, Marilyn (February 11, 1971). "Hollywood Closeup". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 11. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Castañeda, Laura; Campbell, Shannon B. (2006). News and Sexuality: Media Portraits of Diversity. SAGE Publications. p. 262. ISBN 978-1-4129-0999-0. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "Robert Reed". Emmys. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Buck, Jerry (August 24, 1981). "Robert Reed To Play Doctor Role". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. p. 5-C. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Television In Brief: 'The Brady Bunch' Is Coming Back on CBS". Los Angeles Times. December 8, 1990. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Downtown: The Real 'Mike Brady'". ABC News. January 6, 2006. p. 1. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "Biography: Robert Reed". The Biography Channel. p. 2. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Moran, Elizabeth (1995). Bradymania!: Everything You Always Wanted To Know--And a Few Things You Probably Didn't. Adams Media Corporation. p. 77. ISBN 1-558-50418-4.
- Gliatto, Tom; Abrahams, Andrew; Eftimiades, Maria (May 25, 1992). "An Actor's Last Wish". People. 37 (20). Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Steinberg, Jacques (May 14, 1992). "Robert Reed, Actor, Dead at 59. The Father of 'The Brady Bunch'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
Robert Reed, who became a surrogate father to a generation as the head of an exceptionally large household on television's "Brady Bunch," died on Tuesday night at Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena, California. He was 59 years old and lived in Pasadena. He died of bowel cancer, said Anne Haney, a family friend.
- MacMinn, Aleene (May 20, 1992). "Television". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Gliatto, Tom; Eftimiades, Maria; Abrahams, Andrew; Baker, Kathryn; Johnston, Jerry (June 1, 1992). "Here's the Story...". People. 37 (21). Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "Celebrities who died of AIDS". CBS News. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "H.I.V. Contributed to Death of Robert Reed, Doctor Says". The New York Times. May 20, 1992. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- "'Brady Bunch' Father Had Aids Virus, Doctor Says". Orlando Sentinel. May 20, 1992. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Benoit, Tod (June 10, 2014). Where Are They Buried?: How Did They Die? Fitting Ends and Final Resting Places of the Famous, Infamous, and Noteworthy (Revised ed.). Hachette Books. p. 295. ISBN 978-1-60376-390-5. Retrieved September 25, 2015.