Robert Rochefort (born 19 September 1955 in Paris) is a French economist and politician.
In 2009, Rochefort joined the MoDem and was selected to lead the MoDem list in the South-West constituency ahead of the 2009 European elections. He was the MoDem's only elected Member of the European Parliament in that region. He has since been serving on the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection; following the 2014 elections, he became one of the committee’s vice-chairmen under the leadership of Vicky Ford. In addition to his committee assignments, he has been a member of the parliament’s delegation for relations with Iraq.