Robert S. P. Beekes

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Robert Stephen Paul Beekes (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbeːkəs]; born 1937, Haarlem) is Emeritus Professor of Comparative Indo-European Linguistics at the University of Leiden and the author of many monographs on the Proto-Indo-European language.

Biography[edit]

One of his most well-known books is Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, a standard handbook on Proto-Indo-European that treats the area of linguistic reconstruction thoroughly but also features cultural reconstruction and comparative linguistic methods in general.

Beekes is also a co-author, with L. Bouke van der Meer, of De Etrusken spreken (1991). He advocates the Asia Minor theory to explain the Etruscans' origin.[1] In 1993, he was elected member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[2]

Currently, he is working on Pre-Greek, the (non-Indo-European) language that was spoken in Greece before Greek, possibly around 2000 BC. Since this language was not written, Beekes gets his information from some words in Classical Greek that clearly show a non-Greek structure and development.[3]

Publications (selection)[edit]

Monographs[edit]

  • The Development of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Greek. The Hague-Paris: Mouton, 1969.
  • The Origins of the Indo-European Nominal Inflection. Innsbruck: IBS, 1985.
  • A Grammar of Gatha-Avestan. Leiden: Brill, 1988.
  • Vergelijkende taalwetenschap. Een inleiding in de vergelijkende Indo-europese taalwetenschap. Amsterdam: Het Spectrum, 1990.
    • English translation: Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, trans. UvA Vertalers & Paul Gabriner. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1995.
  • with L. Bouke van der Meer, De Etrusken spreken. Muiderberg: Coutinho, 1991.
  • The Origin of the Etruscans. Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 2003.
  • Etymological Dictionary of Greek, 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

Edited volume[edit]

  • Rekonstruktion und relative Chronologie. Akten der VIII. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft, Leiden, 31. August - 4. September 1987, ed. Robert S. P. Beekes. Innsbruck: 1992.

Articles[edit]

  • Mṓnukhes híppoi”, Orbis 20 (1971): 138-142.
  • “H2O”, Die Sprache 18 (1972): 11-31.
  • “The nominative of the hysterodynamic noun-inflection”, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 86 (1972): 30-63.
  • “The proterodynamic perfect”, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 87 (1973): 86-98.
  • “Two notes on PIE stems in dentals”, Historische Grammatik des Griechischen: Laut- und Formenlehre, ed. Helmut Rix. Darmstadt: 1975, pp. 9-14.
  • “Intervocalic laryngeal in Gatha-Avestan”, Bono Homini Donum: Essays in Historical Linguistics, in Memory of J. Alexander Kerns, eds. Yoël L. Arbeitman & Allan R. Bomhard. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1981, pp. 47-64.
  • “The disyllabic reduplication of the Sanskrit intensives”, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 40 (1981): 19-25.
  • “The subjunctive endings of Indo-Iranian”, Indo-Iranian Journal 23 (1981): 21-27
  • “GAv. , the PIE word for ‘moon, month’, and the perfect participle”, Journal of Indo-European Studies 10 (1982): 53-64.
  • “On laryngeals and pronouns”, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 96 (1983): 200-232.
  • “PIE ‘sun’”, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 43 (1984): 5-8.
  • “On Indo-European ‘wine’”, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 80 (1987): 21-6.
  • “The origin of the PIE pronominal inflection”, A Festschrift in honour of E.C. Polomé, eds. M.A. Jazayery & W. Winter. NY: de Gruyter, 1987, pp. 73-88.
  • “The word for ‘four’ in PIE”, Journal of Indo-European Studies 15 (1987): 215-19.
  • “Laryngeal developments: A survey”, Die Laryngaltheorie und die Rekonstruktion des indogermanischen Laut- und Formensystems, ed. Alfred Bammesberger. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1988, pp. 59-105.
  • “PIE RHC- in Greek and other languages”, Indogermanische Forschungen 93 (1988): 22-45.
  • “The genitive singular of the pronoun in Germanic and Indo-European”, Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 110 (1988): 1-5.
  • “The nature of the PIE laryngeals”, The New Sound of Indo-European: Essays in Phonological Reconstruction, ed. Theo Vennemann. Berlin/NY: de Gruyter, 1989, pp. 23-33.
  • “Bloem en blad”, 100 jaar etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands, eds. A. Moerdijk et al. The Hague: 1990, pp. 375-382.
  • “De verwantschap van het Etruskisch”, Lampas 23 (1990): 5-18.
  • “The genitive in *-osio”, Folia linguistica historica 11 (1990): 21-6.
  • “The historical grammar of Greek”, Linguistic Change and Reconstruction Methodology, ed. P. Baldi. Berlin-NY: de Gruyter, 1990, pp. 305-329.
  • “Wackernagel's explanation of the lengthened grade”, Sprachwissenschaft und Philologie, eds. H. Eichner & Helmut Rix. Wiesbaden: 1990, pp. 33-53
  • “Who were the laryngeals?”, In honorem Holger Pedersen: Kolloquium der indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 25. bis 28. März 1993 in Kopenhagen, ed. J. Rasmussen. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag 1994, pp. 449–454.
  • “Hades and Elysion”, Mír Curad. Studies in honor of Calvert Watkins, ed. Jay Jasanoff. Innsbruck: 1998, pp. 17-28.
  • “European substratum words in Greek”, 125 Jahre Indogermanistik in Graz, eds. Michaela Ofitsch & Christian Zinko. Graz: 2000, pp. 21-31.
  • “Indo-European or substrate? φάτνη and κῆρυξ”, Languages in Prehistoric Europe, eds. Alfred Bammesberger & Theo Vennemann. Heidelberg: 2003, pp. 109-116.
  • “Armenian gišer and the Indo-European word for ‘evening’”, Per aspera ad asteriscos: Studia Indogermanica in honorem Iens Elmegård Rasmussen sexagenarii. Idibus Martiis anno MMIV, eds. Adam Hyllested et al. Innsbruck: 2004, pp. 59-61.
  • “Palatalized consonants in Pre-Greek”, Evidence and counter-evidence: essays in honour of Frederik Kortlandt, eds. Alexander Lubotsky et al. Amsterdam: 2008, pp. 45-56.
  • Supervisor with Alexander Lubotsky of the Indo-European Etymological Dictionary

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Origin of the Etruscans
  2. ^ "R.S.P. Beekes". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Pre-Greek: The Pre-Greek loans in Greek