Seppings was born at Fakenham, Norfolk, and in 1782 was apprenticed in HMNB Devonport, Plymouth. In 1800, when he had risen to be master shipwright assistant in the yard, he invented a device which greatly reduced the time required to repair the lower portions of ships in dry dock when compared with the laborious process of lifting then in vogue. His plan was to make the keel of the ship rest upon a series of supports placed on the floor of the dock and each consisting of three parts - two being wedges arranged one on each side of the keel at right angles to it, with their thin ends together, while the third was a vertical wedge fitting in and supported by the lower pair. The result was that it became possible in a comparatively short time to remove these supporting structures by knocking out the side wedges, when the workmen gained free access to the whole of the keel, the vessel remaining suspended by the shores. Soon, his creation became commonly known as "Seppings Blocks." For this invention Seppings received £1000 from the Admiralty, and in 1804 was promoted to be a master shipwright at Chatham.
At Chatham, in spite of the repugnance to innovation displayed by the naval authorities of that period, he was able to introduce important innovations in the methods of ship-construction. Quoted as saying "partial strength produces general weakness", he significantly improved the strength and seaworthiness of the Navy's fleet. He improved the design of the bow and the stern, and, from about 1830, he introduced ships with iron diagonal bracing; by thus stiffening the hull a ship's sea worthiness was greatly improved in storms and high seas (it also saved on the need to use wood that was, by then, in short supply for jointing pieces and stiffening). This meant that the rigging had better anchor points to take the force of high cross-winds, while shear forces along the hull were no longer borne by the oakum-packing of the timber planks which had leaked while they were squeezed and released like a sponge. It also reduced the unwanted flexure of the keel and therefore the hull in general, known as 'hogging'. These stronger designs offered better protection than the old forms to the crews against the enemy's fire, permitted a powerful armament to be fitted, and better allowed the ships to be kept on-station during bad weather, since the vessel would be more able to resist the stresses consequently reducing wear on the hull and subsequent leaks and salt water damage (especially insidious and dangerous to a ship where wood and iron were in contact) .
Seppings, who received a knighthood in 1819, was appointed joint Surveyor of the Navy alongside Joseph Tucker in 1813, and held that office till his retirement in 1832. He died at Taunton on 25 April 1840.
- "The new science of strong materials" J.E. Gordon
- "Death of Sir Robert Steppings". The Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser. Taunton, Somerset. 29 April 1840. p. 7. Retrieved 2014-09-11 – via The British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required (. ))
It is with sincere regret we have to announce the death of [...] Sir Robert Seppings, F.R.S., M.R.I., &c., for so many years Surveyor of the British Navy. [...] He died in this town, on Saturday, the 25th instant, aged 72 years.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Seppings, Sir Robert". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 652.