Robert Harborough Sherard (3 December 1861 – 30 January 1943) was an English writer and journalist. He was a friend, and the first biographer, of Oscar Wilde, as well as being Wilde's most prolific biographer in the first half of the twentieth century.
Born on 3 December 1861 at Putney, London, England, Sherard began life as Robert Harborough Sherard Kennedy and was the son of the Reverend Bennet Sherard Calcraft Kennedy, an illegitimate son of the 6th Earl of Harborough by the actress Emma Love. His mother was Jane Stanley Wordsworth, a granddaughter of the poet William Wordsworth. He dropped the surname Kennedy upon moving to Paris in late 1882 after a quarrel with his father, who cut him off from the expected family inheritance.
Sherard married three times. In 1887 he married Marthe Lipska, a daughter of the Baron de Stern. In 1908, he married Irene Osgood. In 1928, he married Alice Muriel Fiddian.
Sherard wrote about the effects of immigration into England and his articles have been described as xenophobic and anti-semitic. Whilst he was an "outspoken anti-semitic observer of 'social problems' " he denied he was motivated by hatred of Jews. He died in Ealing (London), in January 1943 aged 81.
- Émile Zola: A Biographical and Critical Study. London: Chatto & Windus, 1893.
- Alphonse Daudet: a biographical and critical study (1894)
- My First Voyage, My First Lie (1901) in collaboration with Alphonse Daudet
- Oscar Wilde: The Story of an Unhappy Friendship. The Hermes Press, 1902.
- The Life of Oscar Wilde. London: T. Werner Laurie, 1906.
- The Real Oscar Wilde: To be used as a Supplement to, and in Illustration of "The Life of Oscar Wilde". London: T. Werner Laurie, 1917.
- The Life and Evil Fate of Guy de Maupassant (1926)
- Oscar Wilde Twice Defended from André Gide's Wicked Lies and Frank Harris's Cruel Libels; to Which Is Added a Reply to George Bernard Shaw, a Refutation of Dr G.J. Renier's Statements, a Letter to the Author from Lord Alfred Douglas and an Interview with Bernard Shaw by Hugh Kingsmill. Chicago: Argus Book Shop, 1934.
- Bernard Shaw, Frank Harris and Oscar Wilde. New York: Greystone Press, 1937.
- A Bartered Honour (1883)
- The American Marquis (1888)
- Rogues (1889)
- Agatha's Quest (1890)
- By Right Not Law (1891)
- The Typewritten Letter (1891)
- Jacob Niemand (1895)
- The Iron Cross (1897)
- Wolves: An Old Story Retold (1904)
- After the Fault (1906)
- The White Slaves of England (1897) (originally serialised in Pearson's Magazine
- The Cry of the Poor (1901)
- The Closed Door (1902)
- The Child Slaves of Britain (1905)
- Modern Paris: Some Sidelights on Its Inner Life. London: T. Werner Laurie, 1912.
- Oscar Wilde: The Story of an Unhappy Friendship. London: privately printed, 1902. London: Greening & Co., 1905.
- Twenty Years in Paris: Being Some Recollections of a Literary Life. London: Hutchinson & Co., 1905.
- University of Reading (Reading, UK) (Papers purchased 1 February 1964 from Rupert Hart-Davis).
- O'Brien, Kevin H.F. (1987). "Irene Osgood, John Richmond Limited and the Wilde Circle". Publishing History. 22: 73–93.
- O'Brien, Kevin H.F. (1985). "Robert Sherard: Friend of Oscar Wilde". English Literature in Transition, 1880–1920. 28: 3–29.
- O'Brien, Kevin H.F. "Sherard, Robert Harborough." The 1890s, An Encyclopedia of British Literature, Art & Culture Ed. G.A. Cevasco. New York & London: Garland Publishing, 1993.
In popular culture
- Sherard is a character in the Oscar Wilde Mystery series written by Gyles Brandreth.
- "SHERARD, Robert Harborough". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1598.
- Keating, P.J., Into unknown England, 1866–1913: selections from the social explorers, page 174
- Holmes, Colin Anti-Semitism in British Society, 1876-1939 (1979) pp37-38
- Strauss, Herbert Arthur (editor) Hostages of Modernization: Germany - Great Britain - France: Studies on Modern Antisemitism, 1870-1933/39 (1993) p357
- England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007
- "Review: My First Voyage. By Alphonse Daudet and Robert H. Sherard". The Literary World. 63: 175. 1901.