Joan and Robert Skerne
|Member of Parliament|
1420 – May 1421
|Died||9 April 1437|
Kingston upon Thames
|Resting place||All Saints Church, Kingston upon Thames|
|Residence||Canbury, Kingston upon Thames|
There is difficulty in determining if the MP and a Robert Skerne of Yorkshire who served as royal clerk to both Richard II and Henry IV were the same individual. A Robert Skerne stood surety in Chancery for his friends during the two reigns. There are grounds to assume that the records relate to the same person.
The earliest record of Skerne's career come from 1389 when he was rewarded by the crown with the keepership of St. Ellen’s hospital (‘Bracefordspittle’) in Yorkshire and the farm of the manor of Willoughton in Lincolnshire which he was still paying rent for in November 1420. Skerne was appointed commissioner to audit the accounts of persons collecting pavage in London October 1406. He was appointed Commissioner of sewers in Surrey in December 1417. Skerne was a J.P. in Surrey from 28 October 1417, a post he held for fourteen years. He was made commissioner to raise a royal loan in November 1419 and was tax collector for Surrey in January 1420. That same year he became MP for Surrey in the 9th parliament of Henry V. His judicial career continued, being appointed commissioner of oyer and terminer in July 1421. Skerne was MP for Surrey again in 1422 in the first Parliament of Henry VI. In April 1431 he was commissioner to assess a royal loan and, in December that year, he retired as JP. 
Marriage and property
Skerne is noted for having married Joan, youngest daughter of Alice Perrers, mistress of Edward III, which implies that Skerne had connections at court. Joan profited little from her mother's estate following Perrers' death in 1400/1401 but acquired the manor of Compton Murdak in Warwickshire. Joan fought a series of sometimes protracted legal battles to support her claim to more of the estate. Skerne took seisin of Joan's mother’s Berkshire manor of East Hanney, and in 1406 Joan settled on a compromise with her sister, Jane, over property in Upminster, Essex, paying Joan an annuity of 4 marks for life. Joan and Skerne also eventually managed to reassert her title to some of the holdings purchased by Alice Perrers in Oxford.
Skerne, however, was not dependent on his wife's estate. He held Downhall in Guildford from Merton College, lands and rents in Kingston upon Thames and Thames Ditton, the manor of Freemantles, Windlesham and land in Hampshire. Bray says, in his History of the County of Surrey that Robert lived at Downhall in Canbury, Kingston upon Thames, styled a 'capital messuage' or 'manor', held of Merton Priory situated to the south of the present day railway bridge. Others have been unable to corroborate that this Robert Skerne lived there.
After Joan’s death, some time before January 1431, Skerne gifted one of the messauges to Osney Abbey in return for admission into the fraternity, and arrangements for prayers to be said in memory of his late wife. He retired from the bench at this time but was signatory to further legal documents dating up to 1435.
Death and legacy
The brass bears the Latin inscription:
Roberti cista Skerni corpus tenet ista,
The tomb constructed here of marble stone contains
Following his uncle's death, his nephew, William, founded a chantry in his honour. William's son, also named Robert, inherited Downhall, Kingston, it subsequently passing to his son, Swithin, in 1485-6.
- Roskell, J.S.; Clark, L.; Rawcliffe, C., eds. (1993). "SKERNE, Robert (d.1437), of Kingston-upon-Thames, Surr.". The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421.
- Malden, H.E., ed. (1911). "Kingston-upon-Thames: Introduction and borough". A History of the County of Surrey:. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Daniel Lysons (1792). "Kingston upon Thames". The Environs of London:. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
|Parliament of England|
William Weston I
| Member of Parliament for Surrey
With: William Ottworth
| Member of Parliament for Surrey