Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington

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Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington FRS FSA (22 January 1752 – 18 September 1838), was a British Member of Parliament and banker. He was the third son of Abel Smith (1717–1788) and his wife Mary (née Bird, 1724–1780). His grandfather, also named Abel Smith (c. 1690 – 1756), was the third son of Thomas Smith, the founder of Smith's Bank of Nottingham.

Politics[edit]

Succeeding his elder brother Abel, who died three months after having been elected MP in October 1778, Smith was elected to the House of Commons for Nottingham in 1779, a seat he held until 1797, when he was succeeded by Sir John Borlase Warren.

In 1796 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Carrington, of Bulcote Lodge.[1] The following year he was made Baron Carrington, of Upton in the County of Nottingham, in the Peerage of Great Britain.[2]

He was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (1800)[3] and of the Society of Antiquaries (1812).[4] In 1819 he was admitted as Nobleman to Magdalene College, Cambridge.[5]

He was the Captain of Deal Castle from 1802 until his death.

Family[edit]

Smith married firstly, on 6 July 1780 at Tottenham, Anne Boldero-Barnard (1756–1827), daughter of Lewyns and Anne (Popplewell) Boldero-Barnard.[6] They had one son and five daughters. After her death in 1827, he married, secondly, Charlotte Hudson (1770–1849), daughter of John Hudson and Susanna Trevelyan, in 1836. He was 83, she was 65. He died in September 1838, aged 86, and was succeeded in his titles by his only son Robert, who changed his last name to Carrington the next year.[7]

Issue[edit]

Life span Marriage(s) Notes
by Anne Boldero-Barnard
Hon. Catherine Lucy Smith Died 1843 Married Philip Henry Stanhope, Viscount Mahon, son of Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, and Louisa Grenville, and later 4th Earl Stanhope; had issue.
Hon. Hester Frances Smith Died 1854 Married Rt Hon. Sir Henry Williams-Wynn, son of Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Baronet, and Charlotte Grenville; had issue. Sir Henry was a second cousin of his brother-in-law Viscount Mahon above.
Hon. Emily Smith Died 1869 Married Rt Hon. Lord Granville Somerset, son of Henry Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, and Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower; had issue.
Hon. Charlotte Elizabeth Smith Died 1811 Married Admiral Alan Gardner, 2nd Baron Gardner, son of Admiral Alan Gardner, 1st Baron Gardner, and Susannah Hyde Gale; had issue.
Hon. Harriet Smith Died 1856 Married Col. John Frederick Crewe, son of Maj. Gen. Richard Crewe and Milborough Allpress; had issue.
Hon. Robert John Smith,
later 2nd Baron Carrington
1796–1868 Married, firstly, Hon. Elizabeth Catherine Weld-Forester, daughter of Cecil Weld-Forester, 1st Baron Forester, and Lady Katherine Mary Manners; had issue. The 2nd Baron changed his last name to Carrington by Royal Licence in 1839.[7]
Married, secondly, Hon. Charlotte Augusta Annabella Drummond-Willoughby, daughter of Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and Lady Sarah Clementina Drummond; had issue.

Other descendants[edit]

Two of Smith's descendants gained particular political prominence. His grandson Charles, the 3rd Baron, was a Liberal politician and was created Earl Carrington in 1895 and Marquess of Lincolnshire in 1912,[8] while his great-great-grandson Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, is a Conservative politician and served as Foreign Secretary in the Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher from 1979 to 1982.

Ancestry[edit]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1752–1779: Mr Robert Smith
  • 1779–1796: Mr Robert Smith MP
  • 1796–1797: The Right Honourable The Lord Carrington MP[a]
  • 1797–1800: The Right Honourable The Lord Carrington[b]
  • 1800–1812: The Right Honourable The Lord Carrington FRS
  • 1812–1838: The Right Honourable The Lord Carrington FRS FSA
  1. ^ Although The Lord Carrington was a peer, the peerage was in the Peerage of Ireland, meaning that he remained as a Member of Parliament in the Parliament of Great Britain.
  2. ^ The Lord Carrington was raised to the peerage in the Peerage of Great Britain as well, meaning that he lost his seat in the House of Commons in the Parliament of Great Britain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 13914". The London Gazette. 23 July 1796. p. 705. 
  2. ^ "No. 14052". The London Gazette. 7 October 1797. p. 968. 
  3. ^ "Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington". The Peerage. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Smith, Robert, Lord Carrington (SMT819R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  6. ^ a b Edward J. Davies, "Some Connections of the Birds of Warwickshire", The Genealogist, 26 (2012):58–76.
  7. ^ a b Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 197.
  8. ^ Burke's Peerage 2003, volume 1, page 706.
  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Howe
Abel Smith
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1779–1797
With: William Howe 1779–1780
Daniel Parker Coke 1780–1797
Succeeded by
Daniel Parker Coke
Sir John Borlase Warren
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Carrington
2nd creation
1796–1838
Succeeded by
Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Carrington
3rd creation
1797–1838
Succeeded by
Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron