Robert Stanton (park director)
Robert G. Stanton
|15th Director of the National Park Service|
August 4, 1997 – January 2001
|Preceded by||Roger G. Kennedy|
|Succeeded by||Fran P. Mainella|
|Born||22 September 1940|
|Alma mater||Huston–Tillotson University|
Robert G. "Bob" Stanton (born September 22, 1940) is a retired career civil service administrator who served for almost four decades in the United States National Park Service. He was the first African American to be appointed as the Director of the Park Service, serving 1997–2001.
Early life and education
Stanton was born in Fort Worth, Texas, where he grew up in Mosier Valley, one of the oldest African-American communities in the state. He earned a B.S. in 1963 from Huston–Tillotson University, a historically black university in Austin, Texas. He did graduate work at Boston University and George Washington University.
|Seasonal Park Ranger, Grand Teton Nat'l. Park||1962||1963|
|Personnel Mgt./Public Information Specialist, NPS Headquarters||1966||1969|
|Mgt. Assistant, National Capital Parks-Central||1969||1970|
|Superintendent, National Capital Parks-East||8/23/1970||8/22/1971|
|Superintendent, Virgin Islands National Park||8/22/1971||2/1/1974|
|Dept. Reg. Dir., Southeast Region||4/28/1974||3/27/1976|
|Asst Dir., Resource Mgmt, NPS Headquarters||3/29/1976||5/15/1976|
|Asst Dir., Park Operations, NPS Headquarters||5/28/1977||12/31/1978|
|Dep. Reg.Dir., National Capital Parks||1/1/1979||6/20/1987|
|Assoc Dir., Park Operations, NPS Headquarters||6/21/1987||12/17/1988|
|Regional Director, National Capital Region||12/18/1988||1997|
He took a full-time position with the National Park Service in 1966, as a personnel management and public information specialist in the headquarters at Washington, D.C. In 1969, he moved to National Capital Parks-Central, as a management assistant, gaining experience in the regional operations, where many of the properties are ones of historic and cultural significance. In 1970, he was promoted to superintendent of National Capital Parks-East.
In 1971, he was selected as superintendent of Virgin Islands National Park, St. Thomas, and gained experience in the Caribbean. In 1974, he was promoted to Deputy Regional Director of the Southeast Region, based in Atlanta, Georgia.
In 1976, Stanton returned to Washington, D.C., as Assistant Director, Park Operations. In 1978, he was selected as Deputy Regional Director of the National Capital Region, a position he held for eight years. In 1987, he returned to headquarters as Associate Director for Operations. In 1988, he was selected as the Regional Director of the National Capital Region, where he served until his retirement from career service in 1997. Through this period, he has expanded the NPS development of private-public partnerships to achieve goals of recognizing and protecting cultural properties, as well as expanded recognition of properties and programs recognizing contributions by minority populations.
The Park Service's National Capital Region of the Washington, DC metropolitan area includes many significant historic and cultural monuments, buildings and parks throughout the area, as well as having wide-ranging responsibilities for large groups of visitors, public events such as presidential inaugurations and demonstrations on the Mall, and maintenance of the White House grounds.
Shortly after his retirement, and later that same year, Stanton was called back from retirement when he was appointed as the 15th National Park Service Director by President Bill Clinton. He served from August 1997 until January 2001. Stanton was the first African American to serve as NPS Director, as well as the first career civil service employee appointed to the position since Russell E. Dickenson's term from 1980 to 1985.[a]
As Director, Stanton supported increasing staff diversity, as well as programs to ensure recognition of cultural and historic sites related to contributions of minority peoples in the United States. He also worked to improve the agency's public programs to better serve minority populations. Over his long NPS career, Stanton completed numerous programs in conservation, management, and executive leadership. Stanton is also an executive professor in the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences at Texas A&M University.
- "Biography: Robert G. Stanton", Press Release, National Park Service, June 6, 2000.
- Historic Listing of National Park Service Officials; U.S. Department of the Interior; May 1991; p. 148.
- National Park Service History at nps.gov.