Robert A. Sungenis (born 1955) is an American Catholic author of apologetic and polemical works critiquing the Protestant doctrines of Faith Alone and Scripture Alone. He is the founder and director of Catholic Apologetics International Publishing and executive producer of the film The Principle. Sungenis is known for his advocacy of geocentrism and his controversial beliefs about Jews, Judaism, the Holocaust, and the Mosaic Covenant.
Robert Sungenis was raised in a Catholic family, but became a Protestant at age 19. He obtained his B.A. in religion from George Washington University, an accredited private research university located in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in 1979, an M.A. in theology from Westminster Theological Seminary, an accredited Presbyterian and Reformed Christian graduate educational institution located in Glenside, Pennsylvania, in 1982, and a Ph.D. in religious studies from the Calamus International University (CIU), a private, unaccredited distance-learning institution incorporated in the Republic of Vanuatu (a diploma mill). His dissertation was on the subject of geocentrism and was then edited and self-published as the two-volume set, Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right.
After spending roughly 18 years in several different Protestant denominations, Sungenis returned to Catholicism in 1992 at the age of 37. Having previously worked for and studied under Harold Camping during his time as a Protestant, Sungenis authored a book critiquing Camping's eschatology. The story of his conversion to Catholicism is chronicled in the first of the Surprised By Truth books edited by Catholic apologist and author Patrick Madrid.
Sungenis is known for his apologetic works critiquing the Protestant doctrine of justification by faith alone. He believes that Saint Paul used the word "alone" more than any other New Testament writer, but he never used it in conjunction with "faith"; works done under the auspices of God’s grace, that is, works done that do not demand payment from God but are rewarded only due to the kindness and mercy of God, are the works that Paul requires for salvation; Paul states that all people will eventually receive eternal life or eternal damnation based on their works; and the only time faith alone is mentioned in Scripture is when it is repudiated by James. In 1997, he published Not By Faith Alone which has received praise from S. M. Hutchens (Senior Editor of Touchstone Magazines) and an endorsement from Fabian Bruskewitz (Bishop of Lincoln, Nebraska), but criticism from Robert N. Wilkin (Editor of Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society). Sungenis has been interviewed by Michael Horton on the Catholic Church's doctrine of justification and has debated James White on whether or not sinners are justified by grace through faith alone apart from human works of merit.
Jews and Judaism
Sungenis's controversial views of the Jewish people and Judaism have been sharply criticized by fellow Catholics and by the Southern Poverty Law Center as being antisemitic. In 2002, he claimed it was a fact that no one had ever proven that 6 million Jews died during the Holocaust and that demographic statistics show no real difference in the number of Jews living before and after World War II. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, he also "repeated a series of ancient anti-Semitic canards" and later wrote about the involvement of Jews and Israel in a Zionist Satanic conspiracy aimed at Satan ruling the world. Sungenis has also claimed that Israel orchestrated the JFK assassination in retaliation for the president's opposition to Israeli nuclear weapons.
In June 2007, Sungenis's bishop, Kevin C. Rhoades, directed Sungenis to stop writing about the Jewish people and Judaism. He also threatened to remove the name "Catholic" from Sungenis's organization, if he did not comply. However, after a meeting with the Diocese of Harrisburg in July 2007, Sungenis was allowed to continue publishing and speaking about Jewish issues pertaining to Catholic doctrine provided he take an approach quite different in tone and content. But when he published an article entitled "Catholic Apologetics International and Its Teachings on the Jews" soon after that meeting, Rhoades responded to Sungenis and indicated that the views expressed in it did "not adhere to explicit Church teaching and are not imbued with the living voice of the Magisterium, which includes charity and respect for the Jewish people and for Judaism itself." Rhoades then returned to asking Sungenis to refrain from publishing on all topics directly or tangentially related to Judaism or the Jewish people. He further indirectly warned that if Sungenis did not comply with this request, he would remove the name "Catholic" from Sungenis' organization.
In April 2008, Father Brian Harrison defended Sungenis, claiming that Sungenis was still a Catholic in good standing with the Church and had disobeyed no binding precept from his bishop. According to Harrison, Sungenis voluntarily removed the name "Catholic" from his organization in response to the dispute with Bishop Rhoades. Harrison further claimed that the bishop's command to silence Sungenis was revoked on July 2007 and the bishop's request that Sungenis remain silent did not constitute a singular precept (a legally binding order). Harrison acknowledged that a few of Sungenis' statements in "Catholic Apologetics International and Its Teachings on the Jews" were "unnecessarily combative and polemical in tone, and/or open to misinterpretation", however, he considered the bishop's statement regarding Sungenis' article not adhering to explicit Church teaching to be an exaggeration. In September 2008, Rhoades denounced Sungenis' views of the Jewish people and Judaism as "hostile, uncharitable, and unchristian". According to a September 2008 report in The Washington Post, Rhoades made Sungenis remove the word "Catholic" from the name of his organization.
In May 2014, Michael Voris interviewed Sungenis in order to help Sungenis promote his new movie, The Principle. During the interview, Voris defended Sungenis in regard to his views on the Jewish people and then asked him, "Are you a Holocaust denier?" and "Do you hate Jews?" Sungenis answered "no" to both questions. On October 2014, in response to accusations of Holocaust-denial and anti-Semitism from Lawrence Krauss and others, Sungenis said that his past statements about Jews and Judaism have been blown out of proportion and that he believes in the Holocaust, loves the Jewish people, and is not an anti-Semite. Sungenis' supporters say that he is the victim of made-up stories and half truths.
Sungenis has also been noted for being the first to voice concern about a controversial sentence regarding the Mosaic Covenant found in the United States Catholic Catechism for Adults (USCCA). He claimed to have written to the Vatican and met with officials from the bishops' conference in order to voice his concerns that the sentence implied that people can be saved without believing in Jesus. In the summer of 2008, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) voted to remove the sentence "Thus the covenant that God made with the Jewish people through Moses remains eternally valid for them" and replace it with "To the Jewish people, whom God first chose to hear his word, 'belong the sonship, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises; to them belong the patriarchs, and of their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ". Monsignor Daniel Kutys stated that the sentence was changed because of the confusion it was generating and not because of what Sungenis said. Kutys thinks that Sungenis may have been the first to raise the issue about the sentence, but he does not think Sungenis deserves credit for revising the catechism.
Sungenis believes that the Catholic Church condemned heliocentrism as a formal heresy in the 17th century and that the observable universe would fit a geocentric model, with the Earth immobile at the barycenter and everything else revolving around it. He claims that observational evidence from the 2001 Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe showed the Earth's central position and experiments performed from Dominique Arago in 1818 to Michelson-Morely in 1887 showed that the Earth was not moving. His views are often confused with the Ptolemaic system, where Earth is at the center of the solar system, with the sun and all planets revolving around it. Instead, they more closely resemble the Tychonic system. Catholic writer David Palm has criticized Sungenis' work, particularly as it relates to the teaching of the Catholic Church, stating that Sungenis is misrepresenting it so as to falsely give the impression that geocentrism is "an official church teaching that had been covered up for centuries.".
In 2014, Sungenis funded the production of a film called The Principle, which features interviews with Lawrence Krauss, Michio Kaku, Max Tegmark, Julian Barbour, and George F. R. Ellis. Krauss has since stated that he was featured in the film without permission and agrees with the scientific community that geocentrism has been thoroughly debunked. Krauss said of the film that if people ignore it, “Maybe then it will quickly disappear into the dustbin of history, where it belongs.” Kate Mulgrew, who narrated the trailer, released a public statement on her Facebook page disavowing the film, saying that she does not subscribe to Sungenis' views on history or science and would not have gotten involved in the documentary had she known of his involvement in it. She stated that she was "a voice for hire, and a misinformed one, at that." Several other scientists featured in the film came forward to say that they had been misled about its true agenda, and that they would never have taken part in it had they known its aim. Co-producer Rick DeLano responded to these allegations, insisting that the documentary is an examination of the Copernican Principle and does not explicitly promote the geocentric point of view, adding that he is in possession of signed releases from Krauss and Mulgrew, neither being misled about the content of the documentary or its intention to "explore controversial aspects of cosmology, even highly controversial ideas and theories." Sungenis and DeLano suspect that the criticisms and complaints against their movie are part of a coordinated campaign to keep people from concentrating on the evidence presented in it.
In May 2015, Sungenis initiated the heliocentric challenge claiming that $100,000 would be awarded to anyone who could provide qualified experimental proof that the Earth revolves around the Sun.
- Not By Faith Alone: The Biblical Evidence for the Catholic Doctrine of Justification, Queenship Publishing (1996), 774 pp. ISBN 1-57918-008-6
- Not By Scripture Alone: A Catholic Critique of the Protestant Doctrine of Sola Scriptura, Queenship Publishing (1997), 650 pp. ISBN 1-57918-055-8
- How Can I Get to Heaven? The Bible's Teaching on Salvation Made Easy to Understand, Queenship Publishing (1997), 334 pp. ISBN 1-57918-007-8
- Not By Bread Alone: The Biblical and Historical Evidence for the Eucharistic Sacrifice, Queenship Publishing (2000), 450 pp. ISBN 1-57918-124-4
- The Gospel According to Matthew (Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 1), Queenship Publishing (2003), 427 pp. ISBN 1-57918-236-4
- The Apocalypse of St. John (Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 2), Queenship Publishing (2007), 544 pp. ISBN 1-57918-329-8
- The Epistles of Romans and James (Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 3), CAI Publishing, Inc. (2009), 665 pp. ISBN 0-9818660-6-9
- The Book of Genesis: Chapters 1 – 11 (Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 4), CAI Publishing, Inc. (2009), 692 pp. ISBN 0-9818660-7-7
- The First Epistle to the Corinthians (Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 5), CAI Publishing, Inc. (2009), 423 pp. ISBN 0-9818660-8-5
- Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right: The Scientific Evidence for Geocentrism, (CAI Pub. Inc, 2009, 653 pages). ISBN 0-9818660-4-2
- Speaking in Tongues: Sign of Blessing: Sign of Judgment: A Critical Analysis of the Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, (CAI Pub. Inc. 2010, 80 pages). ISBN 0-9841859-5-X
- Catholic/Jewish Dialogue: Controversies and Corrections, CAI Publishing, Inc. (2010), 734 pp. ISBN 0-9841859-3-3
- Bob's Dictionary of Big Words (smaller version), CAI Publishing, Inc. 2011 ISBN 0-9841859-8-4
- Bob's Dictionary of Big Words (larger version), CAI Publishing, Inc. 2011 ISBN 0-9841859-7-6
- The Consecration of Russia: How Seven Popes Failed to Heed Heaven’s Command and Brought Turmoil to the Church and the World, Hometown Publications, Inc. copyright 2013, 384 pages, ISBN 978-0-9841859-9-3.
- The Gospel According to John, CAI Publishing, Inc. copyright 2011, 497 pages, ISBN 978-0-9841859-1-7.
- "Mic'd Up "The Principle: Is Earth Really the Center of the Universe?"". Youtube. ChurchMilitantTV. 10 January 2014. 2:40 mark(Executive Producer), 59:01 mark(Ellis). Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "About". Catholicintl.com. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Sungenis, Robert. "The $100,000 Heliocentric Challenge". Galileo Was Wrong. Catholic Apologetics International Publishing. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- Krauss, Lawrence (8 April 2014). "I Have No Idea How I Ended Up in That Stupid Geocentrism Documentary". Slate. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Strand, Paul (26 October 2014). "Shocker! Does the Universe Revolve Around Earth?". CBN News Health & Science (Christian Broadcasting Network). CBN News. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- Gray, Sarah (8 April 2014). "Scientist has no clue how he ended up in Holocaust-denier’s creationism documentary". Salon. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Biography". Catholic Apologetics International. Archived from the original on March 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-13. (Note: Site for Catholic Apologetics International, catholicintl.com, re-directs to Mr Sungenis' own website.)
- Grant, Ryan. "Robert Sungenis Interviewed by Ryan Grant re Geocentrism". Athanasius Contra Mundum. 1:43:05 mark (heresy); 0:16:40 mark (Calamus). Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Unaccredited Universities". Foreigncredits.com. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- Several states have had lists of unaccredited institutions which include CIU.
Maine: "Maine DOE - List of Non-Accredited Schools - C". Maine Department of Education. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
Michigan: "Colleges and universities not accredited by an accrediting body of the Council on Higher Education Accreditation" (PDF). State of Michigan. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 28, 2011. (no longer being maintained)
Texas: "THECB - Institutions Whose Degrees are Illegal to Use in Texas". Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- Brown, George (2004), "Protecting Australia’s Higher Education System: A Proactive Versus Reactive Approach in Review (1999–2004)", in Carmichael, Rob, Proceedings of the Australian Universities Quality Forum 2004, Australian Universities Quality Agency, pp. 89–98, ISBN 1877090336, retrieved June 28, 2016
- Claxton, Matthew (16 April 2014). "To Boldly Go Where Science Fears to Tread". Richmond News. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- In the United States, the term "diploma mill" is defined by the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008: "Diploma Mills and Accreditation - Diploma Mills". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- Douglass, Ben (January 2006). "CAI: Question 54: Quick Questions". Catholicintl.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Sungenis, R.; Temple, S.; Lewis, D.A. (1994). "Shockwave Two Thousand! The Harold Camping 1994 Debacle". New Leaf Press.
- Madrid, P. (1994). Surprised by Truth: 11 Converts Give the Biblical and Historical Reasons for Becoming Catholic. Basilica Press. ISBN 978-0-9642610-8-2.
- A Response To Robert Sungenis's Not By Faith Alone
- Faith Without Ethics
- Not By Faith Alone: The Roman Catholic Doctrine of Justification. (Interview). White Horse Inn. September–October 2007. pp. 42–46. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "White Horse Inn- Roman Catholics and Justification Part 1". YouTube. White Horse Inn. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "White Horse Inn- Roman Catholics and Justification Part 2". YouTube. White Horse Inn. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "White Horse Inn- Roman Catholics and Justification Part 3". YouTube. White Horse Inn. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "The Great Debate V - Justification by Faith - Sungenis". YouTube. Alpha & Omega Ministries. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Gettys, Travis. "Why are geocentrists trying to undo centuries worth of accepted science? (Hint: The Jews)". RawStory. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- Burke, Daniel (September 13, 2008). "Catechism Edit 'Troubling,' Jewish Leaders Say Deletion of Passage on Moses in Catholic Handbook Questioned". The Washington Post. pp. B09. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "The Dirty Dozen". Intelligence Report (Southern Poverty Law Center). Winter 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- Lipman, Jennifer. "Speaker row cancels Catholic conference". The Jewish Chronicle Online. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Neo-Cons". Archived from the original on April 8, 2006.
- Harrison, Brian. "Dr. Robert Sungenis Has Disobeyed No Binding Precept Of His Bishop". Culture Wars. Fidelity Press. Archived from the original on August 22, 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Mic'd Up "The Principle, Under Attack"". Youtube. ChurchMilitantTV. 30 May 2014. 6:50 and 41:30 mark(Jewish issues), 15:10 and 35:20 mark(Tegmark), 19:30 mark(Krauss), 25:05 mark(Barbour), 29:20 mark(Kaku). Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Interview Request from Der Spiegel in Germany on Geocentrism". Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Dem, Christian. "Former Star Trek Voyager Star and Others Tricked". Daily Kos. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Giberson, Karl. "‘The Principle’: Geocentrism is What Real Biblical Literalism Looks Like". Daily Beast. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Gray, Sarah (8 April 2014). "Scientist has no clue how he ended up in Holocaust-denier’s creationism documentary". Salon. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Israel, Josh (2014-04-08). "‘Orange Is The New Black’ Star Duped Into Narrating Film That Says The Sun Revolves Around The Earth". Think Progress.
- Mulgrew, Kate. "Official Facebook". Retrieved 8 April 2014.