Tyndall in 1919
|34th Mayor of Indianapolis|
|Preceded by||Reginald H. Sullivan|
|Succeeded by||George L. Denny|
|Died||July 9, 1947
|Parents||William Eddy Tyndall
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||38th Infantry Division|
|Commands||150th Field Artillery Regiment, 38th Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||Spanish–American War, Mexican Border Campaign, World War I, World War II|
Robert Tyndall was born in Indianapolis, the son of William Eddy and Alice (Boyd) Tyndall.
Following the war, Tyndall engaged in a number of business ventures. In 1908, he married Dean Spellman, a daughter of Samuel and Emma Spellman of Indianapolis. The couple had three children. During 1915 and 1916, he served as president of the Indiana Society Sons of the American Revolution. In 1916 he sold out to his business partner and rejoined the military.
World War I
Tyndall served as a Major in command of a Battalion of the Indiana Field Artillery, which was at service on the Mexican border when the United States declared war on Germany in 1917. As the United States mobilized for World War I, the Indiana Field Artillery became federalized as the 150th Field Artillery Regiment, and assigned to the 42nd Infantry "Rainbow" Division, which participated in several major battles in 1918. Tyndall was promoted to Colonel in command of the entire regiment, which was issued French 155 millimeter cannons. The men referred to him simply as "Bob," and generally admired him as an officer who started as a private and worked his way up through the ranks.
Colonel Tyndall was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the Croix de guerre, and Légion d'honneur. He served in the army of occupation in Germany until 1919, where he suffered from a severe case of the flu. After recovering, Col. Tyndall rejoined the 150th and returned to the United States, where he was honorably discharged from active service in May 1919.
Tyndall returned to business, and served as Vice-President of the Fletcher American Bank from 1919 to 1925. During those same years, he was national treasurer of the American Legion, and worked to establish the organization in Indianapolis. He would continue to work with several businesses in the following years.
Major General Tyndall
Tyndall continued to serve as a colonel in the Field Artillery Officer's Reserve Corps. In 1923, was put in command of the 38th Infantry "Cyclone" Division, and he was promoted to Major General on 29 October 1924. In 1941, Tyndall mobilized the 50,000 troops of the 38th Division at Camp Shelby, but was forced to retire when he turned sixty-four.
Robert Tyndall, Republican, was elected Mayor of Indianapolis in 1942, and served until his death in 1947, at age 70. His term is remembered for long-term planning to achieve grade separation, smoke abatement, revamping of the city's sewer and sanitation systems, and non-partisan administration of City Hospital.
Tyndall Armory, in downtown Indianapolis, is named in honor of Robert Tyndall. The armory was the headquarters for the 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team from 1969–2011, when it moved to a new facility at the former Fort Benjamin Harrison.
- "Mayor R. H. Tyndall Of Indianapolis, 70". New York Times. July 10, 1947.
- Robert H. Tyndall papers, Indiana Historical Society
- Robert H. Tyndall biography on display at Tyndall Armory, Indianapolis.
- Indiana Society Officers, Sons of the American Revolution Website accessed 22 November 2008.
- "In Memory of the 150th Field Artillery, United States Army." This document can be found at the Indiana Historical Society Library, Collection M280, Robert H. Tyndall, "150th Field Artillery – History", Box 1, Folder 3.
- Sherwood, Elmer W.; Ferrell, Robert H. (ed.) (2004). A Soldier in World War I: The Diary of Elmer W. Sherwood. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press. pp. 13,147. ISBN 0-87195-173-8.
- Sherwood and Ferrell p. 180–81.
- 38th Division History
- Crown Hill Cemetery Burial Locator – Robert H. Tyndall was buried 12 July 1947 in Section 36, Lot 162
- Staggs, Brad (10 March 2011). "76th IBCT prepares to move to Lawrence". Indiana Guardsman. Retrieved 10 March 2011. The 76th IBCT was based out of Tyndall Armory from 1969–2011.
- "Indiana National Guard and Army community gather to break ground". Indiana Guardsman. 5 (3): 6. September 2009. The 76th IBCT will be moving to a new location on the former grounds of Fort Benjamin Harrison, but the Tyndall Armory will still be used by the Indiana National Guard.
Reginald H. Sullivan
|Mayor of Indianapolis
George L. Denny