Robert Walker (actor)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
from the trailer for Strangers on a Train (1951)
|Born||Robert Hudson Walker
October 13, 1918
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Died||August 28, 1951
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||adverse reaction to prescription drugs|
|Spouse(s)||Jennifer Jones (m. 1939–45) (divorced)
Barbara Ford (m. 1948) (divorced)
|Children||Robert Walker, Jr.
Robert Hudson Walker (October 13, 1918 – August 28, 1951) was an American actor, best known for his starring role in Alfred Hitchcock's 1951 thriller Strangers on a Train, which was released shortly before his death.
He started in youthful boy-next-door roles, often as a World War II soldier. One of these roles was opposite his first wife, Jennifer Jones, in Since You Went Away. He also played Jerome Kern in Till the Clouds Roll By. Twice divorced by 30, he suffered from alcoholism and mental illness, which were exacerbated by his painful separation and divorce from Jones.
Walker was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, the youngest of four sons of Zella (née McQuarrie) and Horace Hudson Walker. He was of English and Scottish descent. Emotionally scarred by his parents' divorce when he was still a child, he subsequently developed an interest in acting, which led his maternal aunt, Hortense (McQuarrie) Odlum (then the president of Bonwit Teller), to offer to pay for his enrollment at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City in 1937. Walker lived in her home during his first year in the city.
Career and personal life
While attending the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, Walker met fellow aspiring actress Phylis Isley, who later took the stage name Jennifer Jones. After a brief courtship, the couple were married in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on January 2, 1939. They moved to Hollywood to find work in films, but their prospects proved to be meager and they soon returned to New York.
Walker found work in radio while Phylis stayed home and gave birth to two sons in quick succession - actor Robert Walker, Jr. (born April 15, 1940) and Michael Walker (March 13, 1941 – December 27, 2007). Phylis (Jennifer) then returned to auditioning where her luck changed when she was discovered in 1941 by producer David O. Selznick, who changed her name to Jennifer Jones and groomed her for stardom. During their initial meetings, Selznick was highly attracted to Jones and they quietly began an affair while she was married to Walker.
The couple returned to Hollywood, and Selznick's connections helped Walker secure a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where he started work on the war drama Bataan (1943). Walker's charming demeanor and boyish good looks caught on with audiences, and he worked steadily playing "boy-next-door" roles in films such as See Here, Private Hargrove (1944) and Her Highness and the Bellboy (1945). He also appeared in Selznick's Since You Went Away (1944) in which he and his wife portrayed doomed young lovers during World War II. By that time, Jones' affair with Selznick was common knowledge, and Jones and Walker separated in November 1943, in mid-production. The filming of their love scenes was torturous as Selznick insisted that Walker perform take after take of each love scene with Jones. She filed for divorce in April 1945. Selznick and Jones later married.
That year, Walker starred as a GI preparing for overseas deployment in The Clock, with Judy Garland playing his love interest in her first straight dramatic film. Although Walker continued to work steadily in Hollywood, he was distraught over his divorce and was soon prone to drinking, emotional outbursts and eventually, a nervous breakdown.
In 1946 Walker starred in the musical Till the Clouds Roll By, in which he played the popular composer Jerome Kern. He starred as another composer, Johannes Brahms, in Song of Love (1947), which co-starred Katharine Hepburn and Paul Henreid. In 1948 Walker starred with Ava Gardner in the film One Touch of Venus, directed by William A. Seiter. The film was a non-musical comedy adapted from a Broadway show with music by Kurt Weill. He married Barbara Ford, the daughter of director John Ford, in July 1948, but the marriage lasted only five months.
Following his discharge from the clinic, he was cast by acclaimed director Alfred Hitchcock in Strangers on a Train (1951). His performance as the psychopathic Bruno Anthony was highly lauded and considered to be his finest role. His emotional problems largely behind him, and his career on an upswing, Walker spent the summer with his sons, and was considering the possibility of remarrying.
His final film role was in the title role of Leo McCarey's My Son John (1952), made at the height of the Red Scare. Despite the film's anti-Communist themes, Walker was allegedly neither liberal nor conservative and took the job to work with McCarey and co-star Helen Hayes. Walker died before production finished, and so angles from his death scene in Strangers were spliced into a similar melodramatic dying scene near the end of the film.
On the night of August 28, 1951, Walker's housekeeper found the actor in an emotional state. She called Walker's psychiatrist who arrived and administered amobarbital for sedation. Walker was allegedly drinking prior to his emotional outburst, and it is believed the combination of amobarbital and alcohol resulted in a severe reaction. As a result, he passed out and stopped breathing, and all efforts to resuscitate him failed; Walker was 32 years old.
In her biography of Walker and Jones, Star-Crossed, author Beverly Linet quotes Walker's friend, Jim Henaghan, who was not mentioned in official accounts of Walker's death, as saying that he was present at the time. According to Henaghan's account, he stopped by Walker's house and they played cards, with Walker behaving normally. At one point Walker's psychiatrist arrived and insisted that he receive an injection. When Walker refused, Henaghan held him down to receive the injection. Walker passed out, and frantic efforts to revive him failed.
Walker was buried at Lindquist's Washington Heights Memorial Park in Ogden, Utah.
|1939||These Glamour Girls||College Boy||Uncredited|
Alternative title: Every Other Inch a Lady
|1943||Madame Curie||David Le Gros|
|1944||See Here, Private Hargrove||Private Marion Hargrove|
|1944||Since You Went Away||Corporal William G. "Bill" Smollett II|
|1944||Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo||David Thatcher (Crew of the Ruptured Duck)|
|1945||Clock, TheThe Clock||Corporal Joe Allen||Alternative title: Under the Clock|
|1945||Her Highness and the Bellboy||Jimmy Dobson|
|1945||What Next, Corporal Hargrove?||Corporal Marion Hargrove|
|1945||Sailor Takes a Wife, TheThe Sailor Takes a Wife||John Hill|
|1946||Till the Clouds Roll By||Jerome Kern|
|1947||Beginning or the End, TheThe Beginning or the End||Colonel Jeff Nixon|
|1947||Sea of Grass, TheThe Sea of Grass||Brock Brewton|
|1947||Song of Love||Johannes Brahms|
|1948||Arthur Takes Over||Bruce Carter|
|1948||One Touch of Venus||Eddie Hatch|
|1950||Please Believe Me||Terence Keath|
|1950||Skipper Surprised His Wife, TheThe Skipper Surprised His Wife||Commander William J. Lattimer|
|1951||Vengeance Valley||Lee Strobie|
|1951||Strangers on a Train||Bruno Anthony|
|1952||My Son John||John Jefferson|
|1987||Throw Momma from the Train||Bruno Anthony||Archival footage|
- Beverly Linet, Star Crossed: The Story of Robert Walker and Jennifer Jones (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1985) ISBN 0-399-13194-9
- Obituary Variety, September 5, 1951, page 75.
- Linet, pp, 139-186, 229-232
- "Jennifer Jones Sues To Divorce Actor Walker", The Washington Post, April 22, 1945, p. M4.
- "Robert Walker's Wife Is Granted Divorce", The Washington Post, December 17, 1948, p. 26.
- Linet, pp. 229-232
- My Son John at TCM
- René Jordan. "Now you see it, now you don't: the art of movie magic," in The movie-buff's book, ed. Ted Sennett, New York: Bonanza Books, 1975, pp. 132-142.
- Brettell, Andrew; Imwold, Denis; Kennedy, Damien; King, Noel (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. p. 253. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9.
- Linet, pp. 268-271
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert Walker.|
- Robert Walker at the Internet Movie Database
- Robert Walker at AllMovie
- Robert Walker at the TCM Movie Database
- Robert Walker at Find a Grave