Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford

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Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford, 1st Baron Walpole (d.1751) painted by John Theodore Heins
Armorial of Walpole: Or, on a fesse between two chevrons sable three crosses crosslet of the field[1]
Heanton Satchville depicted in 1739, the inheritance of Margaret Rolle who had by then been estranged for three years from Walpole; detail from engraving in Vitruvius Britannicus with caption:"Heanton Hall and Park in Devonshire, the Seat of the Right Hon.ble Robert Lord Walpole Ld. Lieutenant of the County of Devon and Knight of the Most Hon.ble Order of the Bath"

Robert Walpole, 2nd Earl of Orford (1701 – 31 March 1751), was a British peer and politician, styled as Viscount Walpole from 1723 to 1745.

Origins[edit]

Houghton Hall, Norfolk

He was the eldest son of Sir Robert Walpole (1676–1745), the King's First Minister, now regarded as the first Prime Minister, by his first wife Catherine Shorter. In 1723 his father declined a peerage for himself but did accept the offer on behalf of his 22-year-old son Robert who was thus raised to the peerage as Baron Walpole, of Walpole in the County of Norfolk.

Marriage[edit]

On c. 26 March 1724 Lord Walpole married the 15-year-old heiress Margaret Rolle (1709–1781), only surviving daughter of Samuel Rolle (1646-1719) of Heanton Satchville, Petrockstowe. Margaret was the heiress to a junior branch of the great Rolle family of Stevenstone in Devon and to her paternal grandmother, born Lady Arabella Clinton, a daughter and co-heiress of her brother Edward Clinton, 5th Earl of Lincoln, 13th Baron Clinton (d. 1692).

The marriage was not a success and Lady Walpole quarrelled violently with his whole family. After one son was born they lived apart and later obtained a legal separation.

In 1736 Hannah Norsa, a leading singer and actress at Covent Garden, moved to Houghton Hall in Norfolk and remained there as Walpole's mistress until his death in March 1751. Her financial support may have saved him from dying bankrupt. In Walpole's many absences Hannah Norsa was escorted in her landau and six horses by his chaplain, Rev William Paxton,[2] who received the position as a small part of the Walpole family compensation for his father's defence of Walpole's father, the Prime Minister.

His estranged widow, Lady Walpole, became the 15th Baroness Clinton, succeeding in her own right after the death of Hugh Fortescue, 1st Earl Clinton (1696—1751). She had remarried on Walpole's death but soon separated from her second husband, Sewallis Shirley, a son of the 1st Earl Ferrers and comptroller of Queen Charlotte's household. She died at Pisa, in Italy, in 1781, and was buried at Leghorn, "a woman of very singular character and considered half mad".[citation needed]

Progeny[edit]

Both the Earl of Orford and his wife Baroness Clinton were succeeded in all their titles by their son George Walpole, 3rd Earl of Orford, 16th Baron Clinton (1730–1791), a celebrated falconer, who left no legitimate children and died insane.

Career[edit]

Robert Walpole held the following posts at some time between 1701 and 1751:

Styles from birth to death[edit]

  • Mr Robert Walpole (1701–1723)
  • Viscount Walpole (1723-1745)
  • The Rt Hon. The Earl of Orford (1745–1751)

Though he held a barony in his own right, from 1742 to 1745 Lord Walpole ranked higher by precedence as the eldest son of an earl.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, Baron Walpole, p.1128
  2. ^ Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson, ‘Norsa, Hannah (d. 1784)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Halifax
Auditor of the Exchequer
1739 – 1751
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lincoln
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Clinton
Lord Lieutenant of Devon
1733 – 1751
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bedford
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Robert Walpole
Earl of Orford
1745 – 1751
Succeeded by
George Walpole
New creation Baron Walpole
1723 – 1751