Robert Walsh (diplomat)
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Robert Walsh, Jr. (1785 – February 7, 1859) was a publicist and diplomat. He was born in Baltimore, Maryland.
Education and Europe
Walsh was one of the first students to enter Georgetown College. He graduated in 1801 and began his law course. During a two-year tour of Europe, he contributed several articles on the institutions and laws of the United States to the Paris and London papers.[clarification needed]
Bar and Literature
Returning to the United States in 1808, he was admitted to the bar. In 1811 he established at Philadelphia the American Review of History and Politics, the first American quarterly review. Thereafter, he devoted himself entirely to literature.
Reacting to the U.S. in the European Press and his Publications
His "Appeal from the Judgment of Great Britain respecting the United States" (1819), an important contribution to the political literature of the era, obtained for him the thanks of the Pennsylvania legislature. The "Appeal" was important also for attacking the anti-American tone of two British periodicals, The Quarterly Review and The Edinburgh Review, and for exposing the hypocritical attitude of the British government towards its critique of slavery in America. In 1821 he founded the Philadelphia National Gazette, a newspaper run by William Henry Fry that was devoted to politics, science, letters, and the fine arts. Walsh edited the Gazette until 1836.
Reactions to his Book "Didactics
Lord Jeffrey said of his Letters on the Genius and Disposition of the French Government: "We must learn to love the Americans when they send us such books as this" (Edinburgh Review, 1853, 799). He published two volumes of essays, entitled Didactics, in 1836.
For health reasons, Walsh moved to Paris in 1837. His house was the popular rendezvous of the learned and distinguished men of France. From 1844 to 1851 he was Consul General of the United States in Paris. Walsh remained in Paris until his death. At his death a writer declared him to be "the literary and intrinsical link between Jefferson, Madison and Hamilton and the men of the present day" (1859).
- Mary Frederick Lochemes, Robert Walsh: His Story (New York: American-Irish Historical Society. 1941)
- Joseph Eaton, "From Anglophile to Nationalist: Robert Walsh's "An Appeal from the Judgments of Great Britain"" The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 132, No. 2 (Apr., 2008), pp. 141–171
- "About the National Gazette," Library of Congress.
- Guy Woodall, "Some Sources of the Essays in Robert Walsh's 'Didactics," Studies in Bibliography Vol. 24, (1971), pp. 184–187