Robert Stewart (priest)

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Robert Warren Stewart
Mr and mrs stewart and mrs ahok.jpg
The Revd. and Mrs. Stewart and Mrs. A-hok
Born 9 March 1850
Dublin, Ireland
Died 1 August 1895(1895-08-01) (aged 45)
Qing dynasty Kucheng, China
Occupation Missionary to China

Rev. Robert Warren Stewart (simplified Chinese: 史荦伯; traditional Chinese: 史犖伯; Pinyin: Shǐ Luòbó; Foochow Romanized: Sṳ̄ Lŏk-báik; 9 March 1850 – 1 August 1895) was an Irish missionary of the Church Missionary Society, London, stationed in Foochow, China.


Robert Warren Stewart was born in March 1850 in Dublin.[1] He was educated at Marlborough College (in England) and at Trinity College, Dublin. After graduation, he studied law in London, but the spiritual crisis of his conversion occurred at Richmond, Surrey when he was just about to become a lawyer. He became a member of the Church Missionary Society in 1875, and after a year's training at Islington he was ordained at St. Paul's Cathedral on Trinity Sunday 1876, together with Rev. Llewellyn Lloyd. Shortly afterwards Robert Stewart married Louisa Katherine Smyly and the couple set out for China with Rev. Ll. Lloyd in September and arrived in Foochow on 14 November.[2]

Mr. Stewart's first years in China were spent in training the native schoolmasters and catechists, and his wife was put in charge of a school to train native Biblewomen.[2] Their educational work, however, was interrupted by the Wu-shih-shan Case of 1878, which resulted in the burning down of the Theological College and the expulsion of the English Mission from the city proper.[3]

Stewart suffered severely from dysentery in China.[4] In 1891 he went home for a furlough and was redeployed by the C.M.S. Committee to accompany Eugene Stock on his Australian tour, after which he visited India and returned to China via Canada fully restored in the autumn of 1893.[2]

Burial site of victims of Kucheng Massacre

On 1 August 1895, he was brutally murdered in Kucheng Hwasang by a sect known as the Vegetarians during the Kucheng Massacre, together with his wife and two children and seven other missionaries connected with the Church Missionary Society or the Church of England Zenana Missionary Society.[1]


  1. ^ a b Antony Maitland's Genealogy; Stewarts
  2. ^ a b c Church Missionary Society (1904) For Christ in Fuh-Kien
  3. ^ Carlson, Ellsworth C. (1974) The Foochow Missionaries 1847-1880. Cambridge, Massachusetts: East Asian Research Center, Harvard University; distributed by Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-30735-3
  4. ^ Watson, Mary E. (1895): Robert and Louisa Stewart: In Life and in Death