Robert William Boyle
|Robert William Boyle|
|Born||October 2, 1883
|Died||April 18, 1955 (aged 71)
|Residence||Canada, United Kingdom|
|Nationality||Newfoundlander, Canadian, British|
|Fields||Physics, Radioactivity, Ultrasonics|
|Institutions||University of Manchester
University of Alberta
Board of Invention and Research
National Research Council of Canada
|Alma mater||McGill University|
|Doctoral advisor||Ernest Rutherford|
|Known for||ASDIC (Sonar)|
|Notable awards||Royal Society of Canada
Flavelle Medal (1940)
Boyle was born in 1883 at Carbonear in the Dominion of Newfoundland. Boyle left Newfoundland for Montreal, Quebec in the Dominion of Canada where he trained at McGill University under Nobel Prize winner Sir Ernest Rutherford, in the then fledgling field of radioactivity. He earned McGill's first Doctor of Philosophy in physics in 1909. He then moved to England to continue his work by following Rutherford to the University of Manchester.
During the First World War Boyle volunteered his expertise to the British Admiralty and, with the help of his old teacher Ernest Rutherford, he joined the Board of Inventions and Research and worked with British physicist Albert Beaumont Wood, a fellow student of Rutherford's.
Before 1917 the scientific teams from the Allied countries worked separately, however, after joining forces with French researchers, Boyle produced a working prototype of what the British called "ASDIC" (the first sonar).
In 1919 Boyle returned to Alberta and shortly thereafter became dean of the Faculty of Applied Science, a position he held until 1929. That year he joined the National Research Council of Canada as the director of physics, where he supervised research into radar during the Second World War.
He continued to work at the National Research Council until his retirement in 1948, when he moved back to England.