Robert Willis (priest)

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Robert Willis

Dean of Canterbury
ChurchChurch of England
ProvinceProvince of Canterbury
DioceseDiocese of Canterbury
In office1 July 2001 – 16 May 2022
PredecessorJohn Simpson
SuccessorDavid Monteith
Other post(s)Dean of Hereford (1992–2000)
Ordination1972 (deacon)
1973 (priest)
Personal details
Robert Andrew Willis

(1947-05-17) 17 May 1947 (age 76)
EducationKingswood Grammar School
Alma materUniversity of Warwick
Worcester College, Oxford

Robert Andrew Willis KStJ DL (born 17 May 1947) is an Anglican priest, theologian, chaplain and hymn writer.[1] He was Dean of Canterbury from 2001 to 2022, having previously served as Dean of Hereford between 1992 and 2000. During the COVID-19 pandemic, after public worship was suspended, Willis received media attention for his popular daily video broadcasts of Morning Prayer from the deanery garden at Canterbury Cathedral.

Family and education[edit]

Willis was born in 1947 to Thomas Willis, who worked at an aircraft company, and Vera Britton. His elder sister Pauline (1939–2020) was a journalist who wrote for The Guardian.[2]

Willis was educated at Kingswood Grammar School in Kingswood, near Bristol. After graduating from Warwick University with a BA degree,[3] he studied for ordination at Ripon College Cuddesdon[4] and completed a Diploma in Theology (DipTh) at Worcester College, Oxford.[3]

Early ordained ministry[edit]

Willis was ordained in the Church of England as a deacon in 1972 and a priest in 1973. He served as curate of St Chad's in Shrewsbury from 1972 to 1975[3] and was a vicar choral of Salisbury Cathedral and chaplain of Salisbury Cathedral School from 1975 to 1978.[5] From 1978 to 1987 he was team rector of Tisbury, Wiltshire, and served as chaplain of Cranborne Chase School and RAF Chilmark.[3]

In 1987 Willis became vicar of Sherborne Abbey, a former cathedral and abbey in Dorset.[5] In addition, he was chaplain to Sherborne School for Girls. He was appointed canon and prebendary of Salisbury Cathedral in 1988 and served as rural dean of Sherborne from 1991 to 1992.[3]

In November 1992 Willis was instituted as Dean of Hereford,[6] primus inter pares (first among equals) of the governing body of Hereford Cathedral.[3] In addition, he was priest-in-charge of St John's Church, Hereford.

In 1995 he became a member of the General Synod of the Church of England,[7] and in 1999 he was elected chair of the Deans' and Provosts' Conference.[8] He continued to chair its successor, the Deans' Conference, when it was created in 2002.[3][9]

Dean of Canterbury[edit]

In 2001 Willis was appointed Dean of Canterbury,[10] becoming the 39th person to hold the position since the Reformation.[7] His installation took place on 1 July 2001.[11]

COVID-19 pandemic broadcasts[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Church of England suspended public worship.[12] In response, Willis, filmed by his civil partner Fletcher, began to broadcast religious services from the deanery garden at Canterbury Cathedral. His video recordings of the daily service of Morning Prayer were watched by thousands of people around the world who dubbed themselves the "Garden Congregation".[13] By the time the Dean's retired in May 2022, he had produced well over 900 broadcasts and had cumulatively accrued millions of views on Youtube and other platforms around the world, reaching many who needed a point of contact, spiritual or otherwise, in the dark days of the lockdowns. The broadcasts were also downloaded and shared between Christian communities in parts of the world where it is dangerous for them to gather together or worship openly.The broadcasts followed the traditional pattern of daily morning prayer in the Anglican Church, built around the daily reading of Scripture and saying the psalms. The interweaving of all aspects of human history and creativity in arts, music, philosophy, literature into these services which were filmed all over the house and gardens from the pigsty to the roof, gained global appeal. The broadcasts celebrated noteworthy days such as Thanksgiving, Jewish New Year and Chinese New Year, making them truly global and ecumenical, and the content drew heavily on the Dean's fifty years of ministry experience and keen concern for nature and the environment to draw attention to issues around the world. [13]

In May 2020 he received international media attention when his cat, Leo, walked between his legs and into his cassock.[14][15] A similar incident occurred in July 2020, when another one of his cats, Tiger, began to drink from a jug of milk that had been positioned next to Willis.[16] A third incident occurred during Willis's broadcast on Shrove Tuesday 2021, when Tiger stole a pancake that was next to Willis.[17][18]

Retirement and legacy[edit]

On 16 February 2022 it was announced that Willis would retire as Dean of Canterbury on 16 May.On 16 February 2022 it was announced that Willis would retire as Dean of Canterbury on 16 May.[19] At the Cathedral's Evensong service on Sunday, 15 May 2022, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, publicly thanked Willis for his many years of service.[20]

Welby described Willis as "one of the most exceptional deans of the post-war period – overseeing Canterbury Cathedral’s life of worship, prayer and witness with creativity and imagination". In particular, he praised him for his online ministry during the COVID-19 pandemic, which "brought the comfort and hope of Jesus Christ to many thousands of people around the world".[19]

On 23rd January 2023 Archbishop Welby conferred the title of Dean Emeritus of Canterbury on Robert Willis.

Hymn writing[edit]

Willis has written a number of hymns, some of which have been published in the latest edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern. His hymns include "Let Us Light a Candle", "Earth's Fragile Beauties We Possess" and "The Kingdom is Upon You". He also wrote the Christmas carol "Heaven Responds at Bethlehem", set to a tune by George Butterworth, which was sung for the first time by the Canterbury Cathedral girls' choir at the cathedral's carol services in 2016.[21]

Willis is also an accomplished pianist and opera enthusiast.


Willis was appointed a Commander of the Venerable Order of Saint John (CStJ) in 2001[22] and a Knight in 2009 (although the Order does not grant the use of the prefix "Sir").[23] In 2011 he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of the county of Kent.[4] He was awarded the Cross of St Augustine by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, in 2012.[3]

He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Divinity (DD) degree by the Berkeley Divinity School at Yale University in 2009[3][7] and an honorary Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) degree by the University of Kent in 2011.[5]


  1. ^ person page
  2. ^ Jeannette Page, "Pauline Willis obituary", The Guardian, 27 February 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Robert Andrew WILLIS". People of Today. Debrett's. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Robert Willis". About Us. Association of English Cathedrals. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "The Very Reverend Dr Robert Willis". University of Kent. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Hereford Cathedral: a history", G. E. Aylmer and John Eric Tiller
  7. ^ a b c "The Dean". Chapter members. Canterbury Cathedral. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  8. ^ "WILLIS, Robert Andrew". Who's Who 2012. A & C Black.
  9. ^ "Deans' Conference". About Us. Association of English Cathedrals. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  10. ^ Duke, Alan (26 February 2001). "Hereford Dean comes to Canterbury". Anglican Communion News Service. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  11. ^ Whitstable Choral Society – Honorary Patron (Accessed 5 January 2013)
  12. ^ Harriet Sherwood (17 March 2020). "Church of England suspends all services over coronavirus". The Guardian.
  13. ^ a b Sarah Meyrick, "Dean of Canterbury retires at 75, but his garden ministry will go on", The Church Times, 17 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Watch: Canterbury Cathedral cat disappears under Dean's robes during sermon". Daily Telegraph. 27 May 2020.
  15. ^ Rob Picheta (27 May 2020). "Cat disappears into priest's robes during online sermon". CNN. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  16. ^ Luke O'Reilly (6 July 2020). "The Canterbury Tail: Cat steals vicar's milk during cathedral's online prayer service". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Cat steals Dean of Canterbury's pancakes". The Independent. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Watch: Mischievous cat steals Dean of Canterbury's pancake during morning prayer". The Telegraph. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  19. ^ a b "The Dean of Canterbury to retire". Archived from the original on 17 February 2022. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  20. ^ Canterbury Cathedral, Evensong, 15 May 2022. Available on YouTube. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  21. ^ Canterbury Cathedral, "Dean's carol to be sung in Carol Services", 15 December 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  22. ^ "Order of St John". The London Gazette. No. 56212. 22 May 2001. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Order of St John". The London Gazette. No. 59254. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2014.

External links[edit]

Church of England titles
Preceded by Dean of Hereford
Succeeded by
Preceded by Dean of Canterbury
Succeeded by