Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke

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Effigy of Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke(d.1502), alabaster, St Mary's Church, Callington, Cornwall
19th-century drawings of monumental effigy of Robert Willoughby, Callington Church, Cornwall. He wears the collar of the Order of the Garter and his head rests on the crest of Willoughby a Saracen's head, couped at the shoulders, ducally crowned, and with earrings[1]
Arms of Sir Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke, KG (Willoughby of Eresby, as shown in 1st quarter of his monument in Callington Church)
One of six similar Escutcheons of Robert Willoughby, some shown within the cordon of the Order of the Garter, on his tomb at Callington, blazoned: Quarterly, 1st grand quarter quarterly, 1st and 4th a cross crosslet double crossed[2] 2nd and 3rd a cross moline; a crescent superimposed on the fess-point for difference; (Willoughby) 2nd grand quarter, a cross fleurie (Latimer) 3rd grand quarter, 4 fusils in fess each charged with an escallop (Cheyne) 4th grand quarter, a chevron within a bordure engrailled (Stafford)

Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke, de jure 9th Baron Latimer[citation needed] (c. 1452 – 23 August 1502), KG, of Brook (anciently "Broke"), in the parish of Heywood, near Westbury in Wiltshire, was one of the chief commanders of the royal forces of King Henry VII against the Cornish Rebellion of 1497.[1]

Origins[edit]

Robert Willoughby was born at Brook (anciently "Broke"), his father's estate then in the parish of Westbury, Wiltshire, now in the later parish of Heywood. He was the son of Sir John Willoughby of the family of the Barons Willoughby of Eresby, seated at Eresby Manor near Spilsby, Lincolnshire. His mother was Anne Cheyne, 2nd daughter and co-heiress of Sir Edmund Cheyne (died 1430) of Brook, by his wife Alice Stafford, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford of Hooke, and an aunt of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon (died 1469). Edmund Cheyne was the eldest son and heir of Sir Ralph Cheyne (c. 1337–1400) of Poyntington in Somerset and of Brook (three times a Member of Parliament for Wiltshire, Deputy Justiciar of Ireland, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and Deputy Warden of the Cinque Ports) by his wife Joan Pavely, daughter & co-heiress of Sir John Pavely of Brook.[3]

Career[edit]

He was High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1479 and High Sheriff of Devon in 1480. He was Lord of the Manor of Callington and steward of the Duchy of Cornwall.[1]

Mediaeval wing of Brook Hall, 2011, remnant of the manor house built by Robert Willoughby

The barony of Willoughby de Broke, named after the manor of Brooke/Broke, Heywood, near Westbury, Wiltshire, was created when Robert Willoughby was summoned to Parliament by writ in 1492. On his death on 23 August 1502 the title passed to his eldest son Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke.[4]

He died at the manor house of Callington, for he directed in his will that he should be buried in the church of the parish he died in.[citation needed]

Marriage & progeny[edit]

He married in 1472 Blanche Champernowne, daughter and heiress of John Champernowne of Bere Ferrers, Devon, by Elizabeth Bigbury. John was the son of Alexander Champernowne of Modbury and Joan Ferrers, da. of Martyn Ferrers of Bere Ferrers. He thus acquired the manors of Callington, Cornwall. and Bere Ferrers amongst others.[citation needed]

He had four children with Blanche:[5]

Sources[edit]

  • Hamilton Rogers, W.H., The Strife of the Roses & Days of the Tudors in the West, Exeter, 1890, "Our Steward of Household", Robert, Lord Willoughby de Broke, K.G., pp.1-37

on-line text, freefictionbookson-line text, with images, Project Gutenburg

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rogers, p.346
  2. ^ Mis-drawn and mis-blazoned by Rogers as a cross engrailed. The Bere Ferrers bench ends, where perhaps the wood disallows great detail in carving, shows not a cross crosslet but rather a thick plain cross.
  3. ^ History of Parliament: House of Commons, 1386–1421, vol. 2, Stroud, 1992, Cheyne, Sir Ralph, pp. 554–555
  4. ^ Cokayne Complete Peerage
  5. ^ Cokayne Complete Peerage
  6. ^ Rogers, p.346, quoting "Lysons"
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord FitzWalter
Lord Steward
1488–1502
Succeeded by
The Earl of Shrewsbury
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Willoughby de Broke
1492–1502
Succeeded by
Robert Willoughby