Robert Wilson Lynd
|Robert Wilson Lynd|
Caricature of Robert Lynd, 1928
|Native name||Roibéard Ó Floinn|
|Born||20 April 1879
|Died||6 October 1949(aged 70)|
|Resting place||Belfast City Cemetery|
|Language||English and Irish|
|Literary movement||Irish literary revival|
|Children||Máire and Sigle|
Tim Wheeler (grandson)Robert Lynd Erskine Lowry (grandnephew)
He was born in Belfast to Robert John Lynd, a Presbyterian minister, and Sarah Rentoul Lynd, the second of seven children. Lynd's paternal great-grandfather emigrated from Scotland to Ireland. Lynd was educated at Royal Belfast Academical Institution, studying at Queen's University. His background was Protestant. His father was a Presbyterian Church Moderator. Male ancestors in his mother's family were also ministers.
He married the writer Sylvia Dryhurst on 21 April 1909. They met at Gaelic League meetings in London. Their daughters Máire and Sigle became close friends of Isaiah Berlin. Sigle's son, born in 1941, is the artist Tim Wheeler . He settled in Hampstead, in Keats Grove near the John Keats house.
He began as a journalist on The Northern Whig in Belfast. He moved to London in 1901, via Manchester, sharing accommodation with his friend the artist Paul Henry. Firstly he wrote drama criticism, for Today, edited by Jerome K. Jerome. He also wrote for the Daily News (later the News Chronicle), being its literary editor 1912 to 1947.
The Lynds were well known as literary hosts, in the group including J. B. Priestley. They were on good terms also with Hugh Walpole; Priestley, Walpole and Sylvia Lynd were founding committee members of the Book Society. Irish guests included James Joyce and James Stephens. On one occasion reported by Victor Gollancz, Joyce intoned Anna Livia Plurabelle to his own piano accompaniment.
He used the pseudonym Y.Y. (Ys, or wise) in writing for the New Statesman. According to C. H. Rolph's Kingsley (1973), Lynd's weekly essay, which ran from 1913 to 1945, was 'irreplaceable'. In 1941, editor Kingsley Martin decided to alternate it with pieces by James Bridie on Ireland, but the experiment was not at all a success.
He wrote for The Republic in its early days. He spoke at the funeral in 1916 of Irish Republican and Marxist James Connolly, whose works Labour in Ireland, Labour in Irish History and The Re-Conquest of Ireland he subsequently edited. He was also a loyal friend of Roger Casement.
- The Mantle Of The Emperor (1906) with Ladbroke Black
- Irish and English (1908)
- Home Life in Ireland (1909)
- Rambles in Ireland (1912)
- The Book of This and That (1915)
- If the Germans Conquered England (1917)
- Old and New Masters (1919)
- Ireland a Nation (1919)
- The Art of Letters (1920)
- The Passion of Labour (1920) New Statesman articles
- The Pleasures of Ignorance (1921)
- Solomon in All His Glory (1922)
- The Sporting Life and Other Trifles (1922)
- Books and Authors (1922)
- The Blue Lion (1923)
- Selected Essays (1923)
- The Peal of Bells (1924)
- The Money Box (1925)
- The Orange Tree (1926)
- The Little Angel (1926)
- Dr. Johnson and Company (1927)
- The Goldfish (1927)
- The Silver Books of English Sonnets (1927) editor
- The Green Man (1928)
- It's a Fine World (1930)
- Rain, Rain, go to Spain (1931)
- Great Love Stories of All Nations (1932) editor
- "Y.Y." An Anthology of Essays (1933)
- The Cockleshell (1933)
- Both Sides of the Road (1934)
- I Tremble to Think (1936)
- In Defence of Pink (1937)
- Searchlights and Nightingales (1939)
- An Anthology of Modern Poetry (1939) editor
- Life's Little Oddities (1941) illustrated by Steven Spurrier
- Further Essays of Robert Lynd (1942)
- Things One Hears (1945) illustrated by Claire Oldham
- Essays on Life and Literature (1951)
- Books and Writers (1952)
- Essays by Robert Lynd (1959)
- Galway of the Races – Selected essays (1990) edited by Sean McMahon
Robert Lynd's Anthology of Modern Poetry (1939)
Lynd was a long-serving literary editor at the News Chronicle. He was a minor poet, and married to Sylvia Lynd who was widely published. His literary sympathies as shown in this selection were most largely with figures from the Irish literary revival, and the Georgian poets. The book was published by Methuen, who had produced a sequence of anthologies in the 1920s and 1930s. Lynd wrote the introduction for the very popular 1924 edition by Algernon Methuen, called An Anthology of Modern Verse. Subsequently the firm had produced an anthology edited jointly by Cecil Day-Lewis and L. A. G. Strong. Poets included in Lynd's book were:
Lascelles Abercrombie – Martin Armstrong – W. H. Auden – Maurice Baring – Hilaire Belloc – Laurence Binyon – Edmund Blunden – Gordon Bottomley – Lilian Bowes Lyon – Robert Bridges – Rupert Brooke – Joseph Campbell – Roy Campbell – G. K. Chesterton – Richard Church – Austin Clarke – Padraic Colum – Frances Cornford – Margaret Cropper – Charles Dalmon – W. H. Davies – Edward Davison – C. Day-Lewis – Walter de la Mare – Lord Alfred Douglas – John Drinkwater – Clifford Dyment – A. E. – T. S. Eliot – James Elroy Flecker – Viola Garvin – Monk Gibbon – Stella Gibbons – W. W. Gibson – Oliver Gogarty – Louis Golding – Gerald Gould – Bryan Guinness – George Rostrevor Hamilton – Thomas Hardy – Christopher Hassall – F. R. Higgins – Ralph Hodgson – Gerard Manley Hopkins – A. E. Housman – Aldous Huxley – Douglas Hyde – James Joyce – Frank Kendon – T. M. Kettle – Rudyard Kipling – D. H. Lawrence – Francis Ledwidge – Eiluned Lewis – F. L. Lucas – Sylvia Lynd – Thomas MacDonagh – Louis Macneice – John Masefield – Charlotte Mew – Alice Meynell – Alice Milligan – Harold Monro – T. Sturge Moore – Sir Henry Newbolt – Robert Nichols – Alfred Noyes – Frank O'Connor – Moira O'Neill – Seamus O'Sullivan – Wilfred Owen – Herbert Palmer – Padraic H. Pearse – Ruth Pitter – Hugh Gordon Porteus – Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch – Herbert Read – Ernest Rhys – Richard Rowley – V. Sackville-West – Siegfried Sassoon – Edward Shanks – Fredegond Shove – Edith Sitwell – Stanley Snaith – Charles H. Sorley – Stephen Spender – Sir John Squire – William Force Stead – James Stephens – L. A. G. Strong – Dylan Thomas – Edward Thomas – Edward Thompson – Herbert Trench – W. J. Turner – Katharine Tynan – Sir William Watson – Dorothy Wellesley – Evelyn Underhill – Sir Robert Vansittart – Sylvia Townsend Warner – Charles Williams – Humbert Wolfe – W. B. Yeats – Andrew Young – Francis Brett Young
- Wesley McCann (2006). "Robert Lynd Biography (free sample)". Dictionary of Literary Biography. Book Rags. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Robert and Sylvia were considered 'powerful' figures of London literary life: Sarah LeFanu, Rose Macaulay (2003), p.153.
- "Robert Wilson (1879 - 1949): Journalist and writer". Dictionary of Ulster Biography. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
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