Robert Wolter Mongisidi
Robert Wolter Mongisidi (Malalayang, February 14, 1925 – Pacinang, September 5, 1949) was a convicted warcriminal during the Indonesia's struggle for independence for warcrimes comitted in South Sulawesi against civilians and allied military. He was executed after he took responsibility, in a statement, for all the crimes comitted .
Robert was born in Malalayang (now part of Manado) and was the son of Petrus Mongisidi and Lina Suawa. He started his education in 1931 in elementary school (Dutch: Hollands Inlandsche School (HIS)), which was followed by middle school (Dutch: Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs (MULO)) at Frater Don Bosco in Manado. Mongisidi was then educated as a Japanese language teacher at a school in Tomohon. After his studies, he taught Japanese in Liwutung, in the Minahasa region, and in Luwuk, Central Sulawesi, before making his way to Makassar, South Sulawesi.
Indonesia's independence was proclaimed while Mongisidi was in Makassar. The Republicans had only control in severe areas in Java and Sumatra, the rest of the Dutch colony was in Allied hands (Dutch/Autralian/UK/US) after Japanese defeat. On July 17, 1946, Mongisidi with Ranggong Daeng Romo and others formed the Indonesian people's resistance army in Sulawesi (Indonesian: Laskar Pemberontak Rakyat Indonesia Sulawesi (LAPRIS)), which continually harassed and attacked Dutch positions and killing civilians. He was caught by the Dutch on February 28, 1947, but managed to escape on October 27, 1947. The Dutch caught him again and this time sentenced him to death. Mongisidi was executed by firing squad on September 5, 1949. His body was moved to the Makassar heroes cemetery on November 10, 1950.
Robert Wolter Mongisidi was posthumously named a national hero (Indonesian: Pahlawan Nasional) by the government of Indonesia on November 6, 1973. He also received the country's highest honor, the Bintang Mahaputra (Adipradana), on November 10, 1973. His then 80-year-old father, Petrus, accepted the honor. The airport in Kendari, South East Sulawesi is named in honor of Mongisidi, as is an Indonesian naval ship, the KRI Wolter Mongisidi.
- Komandoko, Gamal (2006). Kisah 124 Pahlawan and Pejuang Nusantara (124 Stories of National Heroes). p. 278.
- Komandoko, Gamal (2006). Kisah 124 Pahlawan and Pejuang Nusantara (124 Stories of National Heroes). p. 280.
- Pahlawan Indonesia (Indonesian Hero). Media Pusindo. p. 118.
- "Petrus Terima Bintang (Petrus Receives Honor)". Tempo. 24 November 1973.