Robert Wolter Mongisidi

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Robert Wolter Mongisidi (Manado, February 14, 1925 – Makassar, September 5, 1949) was part of Indonesia's struggle for independence from the Dutch in South Sulawesi.


Robert was born in Malalayang (now part of Manado) and was the son of Petrus Mongisidi and Lina Suawa. He started his education in 1931 in elementary school (Dutch: Hollands Inlandsche School (HIS)), which was followed by middle school (Dutch: Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs (MULO)) at Frater Don Bosco in Manado. Mongisidi was then educated as a Japanese language teacher at a school in Tomohon. After his studies, he taught Japanese in Liwutung, in the Minahasa region, and in Luwuk, Central Sulawesi, before making his way to Makassar, South Sulawesi.[1]

Mongisidi's family surrounding his grave, 1950

Indonesia's independence was proclaimed while Mongisidi was in Makassar. However, the Dutch sought to regain control of Indonesia after the end of World War II. They returned through the Netherlands Indies Civil Administration (NICA). Mongisidi became involved in the struggle against NICA in Makassar.[2] On July 17, 1946, Mongisidi with Ranggong Daeng Romo and others formed the Indonesian people's resistance army in Sulawesi (Indonesian: Laskar Pemberontak Rakyat Indonesia Sulawesi (LAPRIS)), which continually harassed and attacked Dutch positions. He was caught by the Dutch on February 28, 1947, but managed to escape on October 27, 1947. The Dutch caught him again and this time sentenced him to death. Mongisidi was executed by firing squad on September 5, 1949.[3] His body was moved to the Makassar heroes cemetery on November 10, 1950.[4]

Chris Soumokil, the Minister of Justice of East Indonesia at that time. He gave Mongisidi death sentence and rejected the request for amnesty by his colleagues and family. Soumokil would later face the same fate as Mongisidi, executed by firing squad on 12 March 1966.[citation needed]


Robert Wolter Mongisidi was posthumously named a national hero (Indonesian: Pahlawan Nasional) by the government of Indonesia on November 6, 1973. He also received the country's highest honor, the Bintang Mahaputra (Adipradana), on November 10, 1973. His then 80-year-old father, Petrus, accepted the honor.[5] The airport in Kendari, South East Sulawesi was formerly named in honor of Mongisidi (it is now named Haluoleo Airport). The Indonesian naval ship KRI Wolter Mongisidi was also named on behalf Mongisidi.


  1. ^ Komandoko, Gamal (2006). Kisah 124 Pahlawan and Pejuang Nusantara (124 Stories of National Heroes). p. 278.
  2. ^ Sudarmanto, J.B. (2007). Jejak-jejak Pahlawan (Footsteps of Heroes). Grasindo. p. 220.
  3. ^ Komandoko, Gamal (2006). Kisah 124 Pahlawan and Pejuang Nusantara (124 Stories of National Heroes). p. 280.
  4. ^ Pahlawan Indonesia (Indonesian Hero). Media Pusindo. p. 118.
  5. ^ "Petrus Terima Bintang (Petrus Receives Honor)". Tempo. 24 November 1973.